adolf hitler: the fuhrer. germany after wwi germany cedes land (alsace – lorraine, poland, etc)...
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Adolf Hitler: The Fuhrer
Germany After WWIGermany cedes land (Alsace Lorraine, Poland, etc)Military RestrictionsWar Reparations and European recessionWar Guilt ClauseWeimar Republic weak
German Revolutions 1918
The German Mark
Weimar Germany:Political Representation1920 - 1933
Political Parties in the ReichstagMay 1924Dec. 1924May 1928Sep. 1930July 1932Nov. 1932Mar. 1933Communist Party (KPD)624554778910081Social Democratic Party (SDP)100131153143133121120Catholic Centre Party (BVP)81887887979093Nationalist Party (DNVP)951037341375252Nazi Party (NSDAP)321412107230196288Other Parties 102112121122223523
Adolf HitlerBorn on April 20, 1889 in AustriaWanted to be an artistServed in WWI for Germany on the Western FrontPowerful speaker who called upon the nationalistic pride of German peopleStrong anti-semitic feelings
Baby HitlerHitler was 1 of 6 children 3 of whom died at early ages.
Draft Dodger Of Austria / Enlistee For Germany
Hitlers EmergenceGerman Workers Party becomes National Socialist German Workers Party, or Nazi for shortMein KampfSA (Sturm Abteilung or Brown Shirts)Hitler becomes chancellor in 1933
Do we not feel once again in this hour the miracle that brought us together? Once you heard the voice of a man, and it struck deep into your hearts; it awakened you and you followed this voice When we meet each other here, the wonder of our coming together fills us all. Not everyone of you sees me, and I do not see everyone of you. But I feel you, and you feel me. It is the belief in our people that has made us small men great, that has made brave and courageous men out of us wavering, timid folk; this belief joined us together into one whole! You come, that you may, once in a while, gain the feeling that now we are together; we are with him and he with us, and we are now Germany!- Hitler, mass rally at Nuremburg, Sept. 1936
The Beer Hall Putsch 1923
Hitler in Landesberg Prison
Hitlers GoalsLebensraumMilitarismRevengeRacial Purity of the Aryan Race / Nuremburg LawsEnabling ActEstablishment of the Third Reich
Kristallnacht (Night of Broken Glass)
Nuremburg LawsDenaturalization laws discriminating against Jewish citizensUsed racial observance of grandparents to determine (see chart)
Germany AblazeReichstag Burns, 1933
Nazi Anti-IntellectualismConsequences:A society where individual thought is compromised & the preservation of truth minimal.Authorities have more power (no intellectual spirit of dissent to challenge)Emergence of pseudoscience (eugenics)Rewriting historyDestruction of literature
Nazi Book BurningsWhy burn books?Vent anger (symbolic transition of cultural values: intellectualism to radical emotionalism)Unifies community in a ritualIntimidates intellectual communityNazi Party declares that any book which acts subversively on our future or strikes at the root of German thought, the German home, and the driving forces of our people is to be burned - May 10, 1933
Education In The 3rd ReichKnowledge that benefited the State was allowed (i.e. rocket science).Individual learning frowned uponIndependent thinking goes against public opinionPropaganda as a new form of educationGoal:In democracy, students learn to benefit themselves.In Totalitarian Germany, students learn to benefit the State.2 Jewish students are humiliated in front of their whole class. The writing on the boardproclaims the Jew is our greatest enemy! Beware the Jew!
Nazi CurriculumRacial biology & eugenicsCelebratory German historyDiscipline, duty, obedience, couragePhysical training body over mindNo concern for spirit of academicsThe Jewish Nose is Wide at the End and Looks like the Number Six
Hitler On Education"Universal education is the most corroding and disintegrating poison that liberalism has ever inventedAdolf Hitler"Through clever and constant application of propaganda, people can be made to see paradise as hell, and also the other way roundAdolf Hitler
Hitler YouthTrained children for their role as Nazi citizens.Men: Wehrsport (military training)Women: preparation for Aryan motherhoodThe weak must be chiseled away. I want young men and women who can suffer pain... Adolf Hitler"I will have no intellectual training. Knowledge is ruin to my young men Adolf Hitler
Propaganda:People Cannot Think For ThemselvesSpread & enforce Nazi ideologythe antithesis of intellectual-based cultureRampant anti-SemitismInfected all mediums of art, literature, and media
Joseph Goebbels:Head of the Anti-intellectual Serpent
Goebbels On Truth & IntellectualismIntellectual activity is a danger to the building of characterIt is the absolute right of the State to supervise the formation of public opinion.Not every item of news should be published. Rather must those who control news policies endeavor to make every item of news serve a certain purpose.
The Big Lie TheoryIf you tell a lie big enough and keep repeating it, people will eventually come to believe it. The lie can be maintained only for such time as the State can shield the people from the political, economic and/or military consequences of the lie. It thus becomes vitally important for the State to use all of its powers to repress dissent, for the truth is the mortal enemy of the lie, and thus by extension, the truth is the greatest enemy of the State.Joseph Goebbels
Night of Long KnivesJune 30, 1934 August 1934: The Great Purge (also known as Operation Hummingbird)After the death of President Hindenburg, Hitler had made it clear that he was the supreme ruler of Germany who had the right to be judge and jury, and had the power to decide whether people lived or died. S.A. leader Ernst Rohm is executed.
Gaining Lebensraum: Nazi Spread & Conquer