william allan kritsonis, phd - social environment

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William Allan Kritsonis, PhD - Social Environment


  • Social Environment

    William Allan Kritsonis, PhD

  • Social Environment: Family Majority were raised by both parents Mothers more than fathers raised the adolescents

  • Social Environment: Family Living away from home 45% have experienced living away from home 16.3% ever-lived in a dorm or boarding house Reasons for living away from home

    Many young people live away from their families

  • Social EnvironmentParental/Family relationship Siblings 77% get along with all siblings 16% get along but not with all siblingsParents 72% get along well with father 76.5% get along well with motherSignificant % have problems relating with family members

  • Social Environment:FamilyParental/Family relationship Parents get along well 72% get along well 12.5% dont get along wellRating of parents: warm & affectionate 70% of fathers scored high 80% mothers scored high

  • Social EnvironmentParental/Family relationship Discuss SEX at home 15.6% sex was discussed at home while adolescent was growing up 6.2% discussed with mother 3.5% discussed with father 4.6% discussed with sister 3.5% discussed with brotherHome is not a place where SEX can be discussed

  • Social Environment: School68% go to public school Feelings about school 19.6% would rather not go to sch. many times 5.6% think that school is a waste of time 87.2% try hard to do good in school

    % think someone at school can help them with sex-related problems

  • Social Environment: MediaMore than half watched x-rated movies/videos : 55%More than a third had read pornographic materials: 38.4%

  • Social Environment: FriendsWho adolescents approach when they have problems? Friends are important support system Academic problems 37.4% teachers 44% peers/classmates 4.8% none Love/relationship problems 62.6% friends 15.5% self 2.1% teachers 1.4% counselor Family problems 64.5% friends 11.8% none 6.4% teacher 2.5% counselor

  • Social Environment: Friends B a r k a d a 97.5% ever had barkada 84.6% parents know about barkada 76.6% parents aware of barkada activities 19.3% barkada with R involved in violent incident

  • Social Environment: Friends Fraternity/Sorority 6.2% was ever a member 52% of those in frats have been involved in violent activities

  • Social Environment: Friends Friends having sex 39.5% know of unmarried friends who are having sex 23.3% know of unmarried female friends who have gotten pregnant

  • Social Environment : Church/Religion 84.6% are Catholics 3.4% are Born Again 2.9% are INKReligiosity 44% attend at least once a week

    8.2% have changed religion 60% of those who changed came from Catholic religion

  • Consequences of risk behaviors Other risk behaviors Accidental, unwanted and unsafe pregnancies Maternal mortality rate among pregnant adolescents is 2-4 times higher than for women over age 20.

    Infant mortality rate is 30% higher for infants born to mothers ages 15-19 than for those women 20 years or older.

  • Consequences of risk behaviors Young Filipino women are reproductively-challenged 162,000 or 10% of all births occur to teenage mothers (15-19) at age 18, 10% are already mothers at age 20, 25% are mothers at age 24, 50% are mothers, and 1/3 of Filipino young women have 2-3 children already Young pregnant women are prone to pregnancy complications

  • Consequences of risk behaviors Abortion 5% of ever-pregnant adolescent had at least one abortion experience.

  • Reasons why adolescents engage in risk behaviors Adolescents are becoming less & less connected with their families and religion Families are showing signs of being less helpful to their adolescents Schools & homes provide venues for sex encounters Adolescents show signs of confusion They are doing more experimentation with their peers Pornograpic media is taking a larger space in their time and attention

  • Reasons why adolescents engage in risk behaviors Adolescents now have more liberal attitudes on sex and sex-related matters.

  • Summary Ill-consequences of risk behaviors are already apparent

    Many are not even aware of the consequences or of the risks

    They are ill-prepared for the consequences

    Better informed, better equipped

  • Summary There are signs of breaking down of adolescent protective connectionsFamilySchoolChurchAt the same time, Closeness to peersBad media taking more significance

    transforming risk factors to protective factors, HOW?

  • In view of the foregoing, what kinds of actions are needed to support healthier adolescent development? Who should be joining the efforts? What kinds of strategies are effective?

  • How can we help the adolescents? Level with them, Be honest Have clear reasonable limits Listen actively to them Share plans & schedules Respect their privacy and space Say things respectfully & with warmth Encourage them to discover creative channels of expression Encourage them to develop their own interests & discover sources of fulfillment Trust them & be happy