william allan kritsonis, phd - social environment
Post on 16-Jul-2016
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DESCRIPTIONWilliam Allan Kritsonis, PhD - Social Environment
William Allan Kritsonis, PhD
Social Environment: Family Majority were raised by both parents Mothers more than fathers raised the adolescents
Social Environment: Family Living away from home 45% have experienced living away from home 16.3% ever-lived in a dorm or boarding house Reasons for living away from home
Many young people live away from their families
Social EnvironmentParental/Family relationship Siblings 77% get along with all siblings 16% get along but not with all siblingsParents 72% get along well with father 76.5% get along well with motherSignificant % have problems relating with family members
Social Environment:FamilyParental/Family relationship Parents get along well 72% get along well 12.5% dont get along wellRating of parents: warm & affectionate 70% of fathers scored high 80% mothers scored high
Social EnvironmentParental/Family relationship Discuss SEX at home 15.6% sex was discussed at home while adolescent was growing up 6.2% discussed with mother 3.5% discussed with father 4.6% discussed with sister 3.5% discussed with brotherHome is not a place where SEX can be discussed
Social Environment: School68% go to public school Feelings about school 19.6% would rather not go to sch. many times 5.6% think that school is a waste of time 87.2% try hard to do good in school
% think someone at school can help them with sex-related problems
Social Environment: MediaMore than half watched x-rated movies/videos : 55%More than a third had read pornographic materials: 38.4%
Social Environment: FriendsWho adolescents approach when they have problems? Friends are important support system Academic problems 37.4% teachers 44% peers/classmates 4.8% none Love/relationship problems 62.6% friends 15.5% self 2.1% teachers 1.4% counselor Family problems 64.5% friends 11.8% none 6.4% teacher 2.5% counselor
Social Environment: Friends B a r k a d a 97.5% ever had barkada 84.6% parents know about barkada 76.6% parents aware of barkada activities 19.3% barkada with R involved in violent incident
Social Environment: Friends Fraternity/Sorority 6.2% was ever a member 52% of those in frats have been involved in violent activities
Social Environment: Friends Friends having sex 39.5% know of unmarried friends who are having sex 23.3% know of unmarried female friends who have gotten pregnant
Social Environment : Church/Religion 84.6% are Catholics 3.4% are Born Again 2.9% are INKReligiosity 44% attend at least once a week
8.2% have changed religion 60% of those who changed came from Catholic religion
Consequences of risk behaviors Other risk behaviors Accidental, unwanted and unsafe pregnancies Maternal mortality rate among pregnant adolescents is 2-4 times higher than for women over age 20.
Infant mortality rate is 30% higher for infants born to mothers ages 15-19 than for those women 20 years or older.
Consequences of risk behaviors Young Filipino women are reproductively-challenged 162,000 or 10% of all births occur to teenage mothers (15-19) at age 18, 10% are already mothers at age 20, 25% are mothers at age 24, 50% are mothers, and 1/3 of Filipino young women have 2-3 children already Young pregnant women are prone to pregnancy complications
Consequences of risk behaviors Abortion 5% of ever-pregnant adolescent had at least one abortion experience.
Reasons why adolescents engage in risk behaviors Adolescents are becoming less & less connected with their families and religion Families are showing signs of being less helpful to their adolescents Schools & homes provide venues for sex encounters Adolescents show signs of confusion They are doing more experimentation with their peers Pornograpic media is taking a larger space in their time and attention
Reasons why adolescents engage in risk behaviors Adolescents now have more liberal attitudes on sex and sex-related matters.
Summary Ill-consequences of risk behaviors are already apparent
Many are not even aware of the consequences or of the risks
They are ill-prepared for the consequences
Better informed, better equipped
Summary There are signs of breaking down of adolescent protective connectionsFamilySchoolChurchAt the same time, Closeness to peersBad media taking more significance
transforming risk factors to protective factors, HOW?
In view of the foregoing, what kinds of actions are needed to support healthier adolescent development? Who should be joining the efforts? What kinds of strategies are effective?
How can we help the adolescents? Level with them, Be honest Have clear reasonable limits Listen actively to them Share plans & schedules Respect their privacy and space Say things respectfully & with warmth Encourage them to discover creative channels of expression Encourage them to develop their own interests & discover sources of fulfillment Trust them & be happy