cell phones - william allan kritsonis, phd
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DESCRIPTIONCell Phones - William Allan Kritsonis, PhD
Introduction to TeachingWilliam Allan Kritsonis, PhDPlease silence all phones and pagers.
Field ExperienceHow did it go?
ArticlesArticle 10 pointsFormat 10 pointsIntroduction 20 pointsBody 30 pointsConclusion 20 pointsGrammar 10 points
ArticlesThis report was very eye-opening.This surprised me becauseI support this article and agree onEven though I feel the study was unfair, I can still understand
Philosophy: a study of theories of knowledge, truth, existence, and good
Theory: a set of related principles that are based on observation and are used to explain additional observations
Philosophy of education: provides a framework for thinking about educational issues, and it guides professional practiceHow do I get one???
Teachers acquire a philosophical framework to guide their practice by becoming knowledgeable and reflective, which allows them to make professional decisions that promote as much growth in their students as possible.
Traditional Schools of Philosophy4 cohesive philosophies on which most educational decisions are based:IdealismRealismPragmatismExistentialism
IdealismPlato, Greek PhilosopherA traditional philosophy asserting that, because the physical world is constantly changing, ideas are the only reliable form of reality
Idealism and TeachingSocratic method: questioningBelieve that teaching and learning should focus on ideas. Teachers provide guidance by helping students become more precise and logical thinkers Criticized for being cold because it emphasizes the rational and logical over other dimensions of the human experience.
RealismAristotle, Greek PhilosopherHolds that the features of the universe exist whether or not a human being is there to perceive themThere are important ideas and facts that must be understood and they can only be understood by studying the material world
Realism and TeachingCurriculum emphasizes essentials like math, science, reading, and writingTeachers emphasize observation, experimentation, and critical reasoningDe-emphasize feelings and other personal factorsCriticized for failing to take the whole person into account in the learning process
PragmatismJohn Dewey, American PhilosopherA traditional philosophy that rejects the idea of absolute, unchanging truth, instead asserting that truth is what works
Pragmatism and TeachingExperience and problem solving are key ideasMore hands-on, concrete experiences than lectureInterdisciplinary problem solvingCriticized for emphasizing student interests too strongly at the expense of essential knowledge
ExistentialismSartre, French PhilosopherA traditional philosophy suggesting that humanity isnt part of an orderly universe; rather, individuals create their own realities in their own unique wayView humanity as meaningless on a small, isolated planet in an uncertain universe where nothing is determined
Existentialism and TeachingPlaces primary emphasis on the individual. We teach a child, not math.Education is an individuals search for personal understanding, not something to be tested onLearner-centered and nondirective approachCriticized for impossibility of total freedom in a society with rules
Schools of PhilosophyIdealism: A traditional philosophy asserting that, because the physical world is constantly changing, ideas are the only reliable form of realityRealism: Holds that the features of the universe exist whether or not a human being is there to perceive themPragmatism: A traditional philosophy that rejects the idea of absolute, unchanging truth, instead asserting that truth is what worksExistentialism: A traditional philosophy suggesting that humanity isnt part of an orderly universe; rather, individuals create their own realities in their own unique wayWhich is closest to your beliefs as a student? A parent? A teacher? Discuss in your groups.
Philosophies of EducationPerennialismEssentialismProgressivismPostmodernism
PerennialismAn educational philosophy suggesting that nature, including human nature, is constantBelieve in rigorous intellectual curriculum for all studentsThe extent to which students find their studies relevant isnt crucialCriticized for being elitist
EssentialismAn educational philosophy suggesting that there is a critical core of information that all people should possess. Back to the basic skills and academic subjects. Students should be able to master these subjectsCriticize interdisciplinary teaching
ProgressivismAn educational philosophy emphasizing curricula that focus on real-world problem solving and individual developmentHands-on, learner-centered, teacher as facilitatorAlso criticized for focusing too much on the childs personal interest
PostmodernismAn educational philosophy that contends that many of the institutions in our society, including schools, are used by those in power to control and marginalize those who lack powerStudy events from the view of the marginalized partys perspective
2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved Which most accurately describes your views of education, from the perspective of a real teacher? Comment on your paper.
Lets watch the DVD segment referred to on page 203.
Read pages 204-207 and create your own Philosophy of Education Statement. Be sure to use philosophy names.It should be typed, double spaced with standard fonts and margins. Length is up to you, but less than one page is not recommended.Exit: There is nothing more to turn in, but you need to stay until you have a handle on how to begin your paper.