social environment ppt. - william allan kritsonis, phd

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Social Environment PPT. - William Allan Kritsonis, PhD


  • 1. Social EnvironmentWilliam Allan Kritsonis, PhD

2. Social Environment: Family Majority were raised by both parents Mothers more than fathers raised the adolescents 2.50.8 5.9 6.4pa & mapa only1.2ma onlypa+otherma+other 83.2 other 3. Social Environment: FamilyLiving away from home 45% have experienced living away from home 16.3% ever-lived in a dorm or boarding houseReasons for living away from home 1.5 to marry 21.1 to join relatives to study36.4 to work 34.8 0 10 2030 40Many young people live away from their families 4. Social EnvironmentParental/Family relationship Siblings 77% get along with all siblings 16% get along but not with all siblings Parents 72% get along well with father 76.5% get along well with mother Significant % have problems relating withfamily members 5. Social Environment:FamilyParental/Family relationship Parents get along well 72% get along well 12.5% dont get along well Rating of parents: warm & affectionate 70% of fathers scored high 80% mothers scored high 6. Social EnvironmentParental/Family relationship Discuss SEX at home 15.6% sex was discussed at home while adolescent was growing up 6.2% discussed with mother 3.5% discussed with father 4.6% discussed with sister 3.5% discussed with brotherHome is not a place where SEX can bediscussed 7. Social Environment: School68% go to public school Feelings about school 19.6% would rather not go to sch. many times 5.6% think that school is a waste of time 87.2% try hard to do good in school % think someone at school can help them with sex-related problems 8. Social Environment: Media Where do they usually watch x- rated movies/videos?More than half watchedx-rated movies/videos :70 63.86055% 504030 23.820107.1 0More than a third had Own home Friends/Relatives Movie househomeread pornographicmaterials: 38.4% 9. Social Environment: FriendsWho adolescents approach when they have problems?Friends are important support system Academic problems Family problems 37.4% teachers 64.5% friends 44% peers/classmates 11.8% none 4.8% none 6.4% teacher Love/relationship problems 2.5% counselor 62.6% friends 15.5% self 2.1% teachers 1.4% counselor 10. Social Environment: FriendsBarkada 97.5% ever had barkada 84.6% parents know about barkada 76.6% parents aware of barkada activities 19.3% barkada with R involved in violent incidentActivities of barkada: % 3025 25 20 15 12.311.3 108 7.450 e ktsnk c llmni roorri/s ic St Spby D P mtais 11. Social Environment: FriendsFraternity/Sorority 6.2% was ever a member 52% of those in frats have been involved in violent activitiesActivities of fraternity: %25 20201513.7 11.89.810 5 3.9 0 Commy Hazing MeetingNoneSch actwork 12. Social Environment: FriendsFriends having sex 39.5% know of unmarried friends who are having sex 23.3% know of unmarried femalefriends who have gottenpregnant 13. Social Environment : Church/Religion 84.6% are Catholics 3.4% are Born Again 2.9% are INK 8.2% have changed religion 60% of those who changed came fromCatholic religionReligiosity 44% attend at least once a week 14. Consequences of risk behaviors Other risk behaviors Accidental, unwanted and unsafepregnancies Maternal mortality rate among pregnantadolescents is 2-4 times higher than for womenover age 20. Infant mortality rate is 30% higher for infantsborn to mothers ages 15-19 than for those women20 years or older. 15. Consequences of risk behaviorsYoung Filipino women are reproductively- challenged162,000 or 10% of all births occur to teenagemothers (15-19) at age 18, 10% are already mothers at age 20, 25% are mothers at age 24, 50% are mothers, and 1/3 of Filipinoyoung women have 2-3 children already Young pregnant women are prone to pregnancycomplications 16. Consequences of risk behaviors Abortion 5% of ever-pregnant adolescent had at least oneabortion experience. 17. Reasons why adolescents engage in risk behaviors Adolescents are becoming less & less connectedwith their families and religion Families are showing signs of being less helpful totheir adolescents Schools & homes provide venues for sexencounters Adolescents show signs of confusion They are doing more experimentation with theirpeers Pornograpic media is taking a larger space in theirtime and attention 18. Reasons why adolescents engage in risk behaviors Adolescents now have more liberal attitudes on sex and sex-related matters. 19. SummaryIll-consequences of risk behaviorsare already apparent Many are not even aware of the consequences or of the risks They are ill-prepared for the consequencesBetter informed, better equipped 20. SummaryThere are signs of breaking down of adolescent protective connections Family School Church At the same time, Closeness to peers Bad media taking more significance transforming risk factors to protectivefactors, HOW? 21. In view of the foregoing, what kindsof actions are needed to supporthealthier adolescent development? Who should be joining the efforts? What kinds of strategies areeffective? 22. How can we help the adolescents? Level with them, Be honest Have clear reasonable limits Listen actively to them Share plans & schedules Respect their privacy and space Say things respectfully & with warmth Encourage them to discover creative channels ofexpression Encourage them to develop their own interests &discover sources of fulfillment Trust them & be happy