stem-changing verbs: e ie - panteras espa£± stem-changing verbs have regular -ar, -er,...

Stem-Changing Verbs: e ie - Panteras Espa£± Stem-changing verbs have regular -ar, -er, and -ir present-tense
Stem-Changing Verbs: e ie - Panteras Espa£± Stem-changing verbs have regular -ar, -er, and -ir present-tense
Stem-Changing Verbs: e ie - Panteras Espa£± Stem-changing verbs have regular -ar, -er, and -ir present-tense
Stem-Changing Verbs: e ie - Panteras Espa£± Stem-changing verbs have regular -ar, -er, and -ir present-tense
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  • Co py

    rig ht

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    y M

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    itt el

    l, a

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    ou gh

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    M iffl

    in C

    om pa

    ny .

    Co py

    rig ht

    © b

    y M

    cD ou

    ga l L

    itt el

    l, a

    di vi

    si on

    o f H

    ou gh

    to n

    M iffl

    in C

    om pa

    ny .

    Unidad 4, Lección 1 10¡Avancemos! 1

    Stem-Changing Verbs: e ie

    TRANSPARENCY 10 Gramática, Unidad 4, Lección 1

    In Spanish, some verbs have a stem change in the present tense. How do you form the present tense of e ie stem-changing verbs?

    Here’s how:

    Stem-changing verbs have regular -ar, -er, and -ir present-tense endings. For e ie stem-changing verbs, the e of the stem changes to ie in all forms except nosotros(as) and vosotros(as).

    querer quiero

    Other e ie stem-changing verbs you have learned are cerrar, empezar, entender, pensar, and preferir. In stem-changing verbs, it is the next-to-last syllable that changes.

    Paula prefiere el vestido azul. Paula prefers the blue dress.

    Notice that when one verb follows another, the first verb is conjugated and the second is in its infinitive form.

    ¿Quieres mirar la televisión o leer un libro? Do you want to watch television or read a book?

    quiero queremos

    quieres queréis

    quiere quieren

    querer to want stem changes to

    avl1utb_u4_010-011.indd 10avl1utb_u4_010-011.indd 10 5/15/09 8:31:20 PM5/15/09 8:31:20 PM

  • Co py

    rig ht

    © b

    y M

    cD ou

    ga l L

    itt el

    l, a

    di vi

    si on

    o f H

    ou gh

    to n

    M iffl

    in C

    om pa

    ny .

    Unidad 4, Lección 1 11¡Avancemos! 1

    Direct Object Pronouns

    TRANSPARENCY 11 Gramática, Unidad 4, Lección 1

    Direct object pronouns can be used to replace direct object nouns.

    Here’s how:

    When an infinitive follows the conjugated verb, the direct object pronoun can be placed before the conjugated verb or be attached to the infinitive.

    Quiero comprar zapatos negros. Y los quiero comprar hoy. I want to buy black shoes. or Y quiero comprarlos hoy.

    And I want to buy them today.

    masculine

    feminine

    me me nos us

    te you (familiar) os you (familiar)

    lo you (formal), him, it los you, them

    la you (formal), her, it las you, them

    masculine

    feminine

    Singular Plural

    The direct object noun is placed after the conjugated verb.

    Quiero la camisa azul. I want the blue shirt.

    The direct object pronoun is placed directly before the conjugated verb.

    La quiero. I want it.

    replaced by

    replaced by

    avl1utb_u4_010-011.indd 11avl1utb_u4_010-011.indd 11 5/15/09 8:31:11 PM5/15/09 8:31:11 PM

  • Co py

    rig ht

    © b

    y M

    cD ou

    ga l L

    itt el

    l, a

    di vi

    si on

    o f H

    ou gh

    to n

    M iffl

    in C

    om pa

    ny .

    Co py

    rig ht

    © b

    y M

    cD ou

    ga l L

    itt el

    l, a

    di vi

    si on

    o f H

    ou gh

    to n

    M iffl

    in C

    om pa

    ny .

    Unidad 4, Lección 2 12¡Avancemos! 1

    Stem-Changing Verbs: o → ue

    TRANSPARENCY 12 Gramática, Unidad 4, Lección 2

    Some verbs have an o → ue stem change in the present tense. How do you form the present tense of these verbs?

    Here’s how:

    Remember that stem-changing verbs have regular -ar, -er, and -ir endings. For o → ue stem-changing verbs, the last o of the stem changes to ue in all forms except nosotros(as) and vosotros(as).

    Carmen puede ir al concierto. Carmen can go to the concert.

    Other verbs you know that have this stem change are almorzar, costar, dormir, encontrar, and volver.

    Almuerzo a la una. I eat lunch at one o’clock.

    Antonio, ¿cuándo vuelves? Antonio, when are you coming back?

    puedo podemos

    puedes podéis

    puede pueden

    poder to be able, can

    avl1utb_u4_012-013.indd 12avl1utb_u4_012-013.indd 12 5/15/09 8:27:48 PM5/15/09 8:27:48 PM

  • Co py

    rig ht

    © b

    y M

    cD ou

    ga l L

    itt el

    l, a

    di vi

    si on

    o f H

    ou gh

    to n

    M iffl

    in C

    om pa

    ny .

    Unidad 4, Lección 2 13¡Avancemos! 1

    Stem-Changing Verbs: e → i

    sirvo servimos

    sirves servís

    sirve sirven

    servir to serve

    TRANSPARENCY 13 Gramática, Unidad 4, Lección 2

    Some -ir verbs have an e → i stem change in the present tense. How do you form the present tense of these verbs?

    Here’s how:

    For e → i stem-changing verbs, the last e of the stem changes to i in all forms except nosotros(as) and vosotros(as).

    El camarero sirve la comida. The waiter serves the food.

    Another verb you know with this stem change is pedir.

    ¿Pides una ensalada? Are you ordering a salad?

    Siempre pedimos pollo. We always order chicken.

    avl1utb_u4_012-013.indd 13avl1utb_u4_012-013.indd 13 5/15/09 8:27:06 PM5/15/09 8:27:06 PM

    Grammar Presentation Transparencies������������������������������������������ Grammar Transparencies Lesson 1�������������������������������������� Grammar Transparencies Lesson 2��������������������������������������

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