drive oregon event: connected cars: the future of transportation

Download Drive Oregon Event: Connected Cars: The Future of Transportation

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Drive Oregon's September 2013 event featured Dr. Robert Bertini speaking on the the benefits of "connected car" technology. In December 2012, Governor Kitzhaber released the 10 Year Energy Plan, a bold roadmap forward aimed at reducing our state’s energy usage. Improving and expanding our state’s intelligent transportation system, which relies on “smart” or “connected” technology, was included in the plan as an integral step toward increasing the efficiency and safety of our roads. Dr. Bertini's presentation gives a great overview of what the future of Oregon's roads will probably look like!

TRANSCRIPT

  • September 4, 2013

    Connected Cars: Changing the Future of Transporta5on R.L. Ber3ni Portland State University ber3ni@pdx.edu

  • Governors Energy Plan 2012 Maximize Energy Eciency and

    Conserva3on Enhance Clean Energy Infrastructure Accelerate Market Transi3on to More

    Ecient, Cleaner Transporta3on System

    Targets ac3vi3es to accelerate the deployment of intelligent transporta3on systems and electric vehicles, including

    poten3al integra3on with grid moderniza3on ini3a3ves

    Con3nued Investment in Compact,

    Mul3modal and Mixed-Use Communi3es Accelerated Fleet Turnover (Residen3al

    and Commercial) to Alterna3ve Fuels Implementa3on of Intelligent

    Transporta3on Systems Innova3on in Financing a Clean

    Transporta3on System

  • Weather Crashes Traffic Pollution

  • Connected vehicles can help. They use wireless communication between vehicles and infrastructure to help prevent crashes, make travel easier, and curb pollution.

  • All vehicles, regardless of type, will communicate with each other using a wireless technology called Dedicated Short-Range Communications (DSRC).

    DSRC

  • Connected vehicles have the potential to address up to 81% of unimpaired crash scenarios.

  • Connected vehicles will provide drivers with warnings to help them avoid crashes.

  • Trucks, transit, and emergency vehicles are connected vehicles too.

  • The vehicle information communicated does not identify the driver or vehicle, and technical controls have been put in place to help prevent vehicle tracking and tampering with the system.

  • Imagine if the cars in front of you could send you information about dangerous road conditions ahead, such as icy roads, fog, heavy rain, and snow.

  • Imagine your car informing you of available parking on the next block, your cell phone telling you a cab is approaching, or your car helping you find a rideshare partner.

  • Consider the ways in which increased travel information can help the environment. Connected vehicles can help.

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zuf2VNWGMnY

  • Safety 32,788 fatali3es in 2010 (-3% from 2009) 1.09 fatali3es per 100 MVMT (VMT +0.7% in 2010) 2.2 M injuries in 2009 5.5 M crashes in 2009 $230 B total cost (including medical) Leading cause of death for ages 4 to 34 Accessibility, Reliability and Mobility 4.8B hours travel delay (34 hours/auto commuter) $115 billion cost of urban conges3on Household Market Basket Second biggest monthly expense, a`er housing Sustainability 28% of GHG emissions (78% CO, 58% NOx, 36% VOCs) 29% of energy consumed (mostly petroleum) 70% of petroleum consump3on (60% imported) 3.9 billion gallons of wasted fuel Half of Americans live in areas that exceed air quality

    standards for at least one pollutant.

    U.S. Transport Sector Impacts

  • Evolu3on of U.S. ITS Program

    Congressional Legislation Dates and Mission Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act (ISTEA)

    19911997 (extended to July 1998) Research and Development Operational Tests Technical assistance including architecture

    and standards Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21)

    19982003 (extended to August 2005) Policy and Institutional Challenges to

    Deployment ITS Deployment Program (Congressionally

    designated) Model Deployment Initiatives

    Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU)

    20052009 (extended to March 31, 2012) Research Mainstreaming ITS

    Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century (MAP-21)

    2012-2014

  • Intelligent Vehicle in 2013 2012 Ford Focus

    $20,000 EPA Ra3ng 28 mpg City/

    40 mpg Highway Adap3ve cruise control Forward Collision Mi3ga3on Blind spot informa3on system Trac sign recogni3on Lane keeping aid Driver alert

    Connected vehicles and infrastructure IIHS es3mate that FCW, LDW, Side View Assist

    and Adap3ve Headlights could prevent/ mi3gate 33% of fatal and 20% of injury crashes

    "This technology more than anything else holds great promise to protect lives and prevent injuries," NTSB Chairman Deborah Hersman

  • Vision for Connected Future

    Infrastructure

    Vehicles

  • Vision for Connected Future

    Infrastructure

    Rail

    Mari5me

    Drivers and Operators

    Wireless Devices

    Vehicles and Fleets

  • Solu3ons for 80% of Crashes

    Rear End Warning 28% Lane Departure 23% Intersection 25% Lane Change 9% Backover 2% Opposite Direction 2%

  • Connected Vehicles and Travelers

    Here I Am / Wheres My Bus/Carpool?

    la3tude, longitude, 3me, heading angle, speed, lateral accelera3on, longitudinal accelera3on, yaw rate, throlle posi3on, brake status, steering angle,

    headlight status, wiper status, external temperature, turn signal status, vehicle length, vehicle width,

    vehicle mass, bumper height

  • Safety Pilot

  • V2V Forward Collision Warning

    Emergency Electronic Brake Light Intersec3on Movement Assist

    Blind Spot Warning/Lane Change Warning

    Do Not Pass Warning Le` Turn Across Path/Opposite

    Direc3on Right Turn in Front

    V2I Signal Phase and Timing Curve Speed Warning

    Railroad Crossing Warning Pedestrian Detec3on

    11 Safety Pilot Applica3ons

  • Device Installa3on Examples

    Antenna

    +

    Antenna

    +

    Driver display

    DAS sensors, OEM can bus

    DAS Antenna

    Inertial Mment Unit

    Data Acquisition System (DAS)

    Vehicle Awareness Device

    A`ermarket Safety Device

    A`ermarket Safety Device with Data Acquisi3on

    System (DAS)

    Data Acquisi3on from: A`ermarket device Radar or ranging device(s) 4 cameras, microphone OEM CAN bus data Vehicle mo3on Cell & GPS antennas

  • Basic Safety Message

    SAE J2735 Basic Safety Message

    Major Attributes

    Temporary ID

    Time

    Latitude

    Longitude

    Elevation

    Speed

    Heading

    Acceleration

    Brake System Status

    Vehicle Size

  • Poten5al End State Current State

    Poten5al Interim States

    T

    V

    I T

    V

    I

    T

    V

    I

    Data Environment Evolu3on

    TRAVELER

    VEHICLE

    INFRASTRUCTURE

    some

    a few

    nearly zero

    VEHICLE

    TRAVELER

    nearly all

    some

    where needed

    INFRASTRUCTURE

  • Data Environment

    Real-5me Data Capture and Management Mobility Applica5ons

    Transit Data

    Truck Data

    Reduce Speed 35 MPH

    Weather Application

    Transit Signal Priority

    Fleet Management/

    Dynamic Route Guidance

    Mobility Program

  • High Priority Mobility Applica3ons

    ISIG

    ECO

    TSP

    ARTERIALDATA

    ENVIRONMENTS

    PED

    SIG

    FSP

    PRE

    EMPT

    SPD

    HARM

    CACC

    Q

    WARN

    FREEWAYDATA

    ENVIRONMENTS

    RAMP

    INC

    ZONERESP

    STG

    ATIS

    FDRG

    FATIS

    REGIONAL(INFO) DATA

    ENVIRONMENTS

    DR-

    OPT

    S

    PARK

    WX

    INFO

    [EV]

    DRG

    ICM

    WX -

    MDSSVMT

    CORRIDOR

    (CONTROL)DATA

    ENVIRONMENTS

    TCON

    NECT

    TDISP

    DRIDE

    EFP

    ETC

    EVAC

    TMAP

    PERF

    MEAS

    PERF

    MEAS

    PERF

    MEAS

    PERF

    MEAS

    PERF

    MEAS

    PERF

    MEAS

    PERF

    MEAS

    MAY

    DAY

    LEGEND

    DMA PROGRAM FUNDED

    DMA SUPPORTED (NOT FUNDED),OPEN TO OTHER PROGRAMSAND RESEARCHERS

    ENABLE ATIS

    R.E.S.C.U.M.E*

    *JOINTLY FUNDED BY DMA AND PUBLIC SAFETY PROGRAMS

    FRATIS

  • Dynamic Mobility Applica3ons

    Enable Advanced Traveler Informa3on System (EnableATIS)

    Freight Advanced Traveler Informa3on Systems (FRATIS)

    Integrated Dynamic Transit Opera3ons (IDTO) Intelligent Network Flow Op3miza3on (INFLO) Mul3-Modal Intelligent Trac Signal Systems

    (MMITSS)

    Response, Emergency Staging and Communica3ons, Uniform Management, and Evacua3on (R.E.S.C.U.M.E.)

  • AERIS Program

    Low Emission Zone

    Eco-integrated Corridor Management

    Eco-Signal Opera3ons

    Eco-Lanes Support

    Alterna3ve Fuel Vehicle Opera3ons

    Eco-Traveler Informa3on

  • Test Bed Investments

  • Test Bed Investments

    OR

  • Policy Issues

    Governance

    Liability

    Sustainability

    Legisla3on

  • Policy Issues

    Privacy

    Risk Cer3ca3on

    Cyber/ Security

    Data Governance

    Implementa3on Liability

    Sustainability Deployment Approach Financing Legisla3on

  • Join us on September 16!

    More informa3on and to register: hlp://otrec.us/events/special/OTS

    The highlights of the 5th Annual Oregon Transporta3on Summit include: OTREC Research Poster

    Exhibit (7-8am and during breaks)

    Plenary session on MAP21 with Adie Tomer (Brookings Ins3tu3on) and Rep. Tobias Read

    Keynote presenta3on by author Taras Grescoe (Straphanger)

    Eight workshops on topics ranging from bike/ped safety to connected vehicles

  • Thank You for Your Alen3on

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