sacon - connected cars (aditya kakrania)

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  • SACON

    SACONInternational2017

    SpeakerNameCompany

    DesignationTwitterHandle

    India|Bangalore|November10 11|HotelLalit Ashok

  • SACON 2017

    IncreasingTechnologyinVehicles

  • SACON 2017

    BasicsofCars

  • SACON 2017

    E.C.U.s(ElectronicControlUnit) useamicroprocessorwhichcanprocesstheinputsfromtheenginesensorsinreal-time.ECUisagenerictermforawiderangeofdevices.Ex:ABS,EngineManagementControl ECUsconsistofahardwarecomponentandsoftwarecomponent(Firmware).Itusesclosed-loopcontrol,acontrolschemethatmonitorsoutputsofasystemtocontroltheinputstoasystem.ECUgathersdatafrommultiplesensorslocatedallaroundthecarandperformsmillionsofcalculationsandtakesdecisionsbasedonthecalculations.

    E.C.Us ElectronicControlUnit

  • SACON 2017

    Electronic/engineControlModule(ECM): isatypeofelectroniccontrolunitthatcontrolsaseriesofactuatorsonaninternalcombustionenginetoensureoptimalengineperformance. TransmissionControlModule(TCM): devicethatcontrolsmodernelectronicautomatictransmissionstocalculatehowandwhentochangegears. Anti-LockBrakingsystem(ABS): automobilesafetysystemthatpreventsthewheelsfromlockingupandavoidinguncontrolledskiddingbasedonthedriverinputswhilebraking. SpeedControlUnit(SPU): asystemthatautomaticallycontrolsthespeedofthevehicle.Usedincruisecontrols. TelematicControlUnit(TCU): Aglobalpositioningsystem(GPS)unit,tokeeptrackofthelatitudeandlongitudevaluesofthevehicleandanexternalinterfaceformobilecommunication(GSM,GPRS,Wi-Fi,WiMax,orLTE),whichprovidesthetrackedvaluestoacentralizedgeographicalinformationsystem(GIS)databaseserver

    TypesofECUs

  • SACON 2017

    CANprotocolisamethodofcommunicationbetweenvariouselectronicdeviceslikeenginemanagementsystems,activesuspension,ABS,gearcontrol,lightingcontrol,airconditioning,airbags,centrallockingetc embeddedinanautomobile

    ControlledAreaNetworkorCANProtocol

  • SACON 2017

    TheControllerAreaNetwork(CAN,alsoknownasCANBus)isavehiclebusstandarddesignedtoallowelectroniccontrolunitsanddevicestocommunicatewitheachother.CANisapeer-to-peernetwork.ThereisnomasterthatcontrolswhenindividualnodeshaveaccesstoreadandwritedataontheCANbus.WhenaCANnodeisreadytotransmitdata,itcheckstoseeifthebusisbusyandthensimplywritesaCANframeontothenetwork.CANframesthataretransmittedusearbitrationIDthatisuniquetoeachframeinsteadofaddressesofeitherthetransmittingnodeorthereceivingnode(s).

    CANBus

  • SACON 2017

    ShortforOn-Boarddiagnostics.Anelectronicsystemthatprovidesvehicleself-diagnosisandreportingcapabilitiesforrepairtechnicianstoaccesssubsysteminformationforthepurposeofperformancemonitoringandrepair. OBDIIprovidesaccesstostatusinformationaboutthefollowing:

    Real-timeparameters:RPM,speed,pedalposition,sparkadvance,airflowrate,coolanttemperature,etc.

    StatusofCheckEnginelight. Emissionreadinessstatus. Freezeframe:asnapshotofparametersatthetimeatroubleeventhasoccurred. Diagnostictroublecodes(DTCs). Oxygensensortestresults VehicleIdentificationNumber(VIN)

    OBD On-BoardDiagnostics

  • SACON 2017

    Connectedcars arethosethathaveaccesstotheInternetandavarietyofsensors,andthatarethusabletosendandreceivesignals,sensethephysicalenvironmentaroundthem,andinteractwithothervehiclesorentities.

    ConnectedCars

  • SACON 2017

    MultipleSensors- Sensorsfordifferentfunctionalitiesoffered. VehicleDistanceSensor Insidedoorlock/unlock GPSSensor

    MultipleECUs- ElectronicControlUnitstalkedaboutitbrieflyinthebasicsofcarssection. Connectivitynetworks- V2X,LTE

    V2X - Vehicleto-VehicleCommunications LTE:WithupcominghighspeedbroadbandnetworksitwillbepossibleforCarscanbeconnectedtothe

    internetprovidingalotoffeatures. OBD- IItalkedaboutitbrieflyinthebasicsofcarssection. HardwareAutomotiveendComponents- Steering,TractionControl,ABS ConnectedCarGateway:theentrypointforacartocommunicatetotheexternalworld.UsuallyviaConnectivitynetworks

    RemoteCloudServers: ServersoftheManufacturerorauthorized3rdpartycollectthedatageneratedbytheSensorsembeddedincarsandcanusethisdatatoprovidefunctionalitysuchasCrashNotification,StolenvehicletrackingandRoadSideAssistance

    ApplicationonSmartphone:MobileAppswhichallowscustomerstointeractwiththecar.Ex:BMWConnectedAPP

    ComponentsofConnectedCars

  • SACON 2017

    ConnectedCarArchitecture

  • SACON 2017

    AdvancedDiagnostics:Carsensorscollectalotofdatainrealtime.ThesedatacanbesharedwithManufacturesandvehicledealerstoidentifypotentialissueswiththecarandpreventaccidentsandcarfailuresfromhappening. Telematics:Sensorscanprovidesufficientdatatokeepdriversandpassengerssafeineventofemergencies,automaticcrashnotification,roadsideassistanceandvehicletracking. GPSTracking:GPStrackingcanbeusedforrealtimemonitoringforcarortruckfleets. RemoteServices:Useyourmobiledevicetolocatecarinparking,unlockcarremotely,remotelywarmupordecreasethetemperatureofthecar. Ex:https://secure.bmw.com/com/en/insights/technology/connecteddrive/2013/services_apps/remote_services.html ConnectedMediaandInfotainment:Usethenetworksdolistentomusic,watchvideosorstreammusiconthego. VehicleUpdates:Updatethevehiclefirmwareandsoftwareremotely.

    Whatcanconnectedcarsdo

  • SACON 2017

    Parkingassistance:includemultiplesensorsontheforwardandrearbumperswhichdetectobstacles,allowingthevehicletosoundwarningsandcalculateoptimumsteeringanglesduringregularparking SmartphoneInterface,AndroidautoandApplePlay:Connectyoursmartphonetoyourcarinordertohaveeasyaccesstomaps,messages,musicandmore.Thesesystemsaimtoreplacetheinfotainmentsystemsofthecar.Userscanunlocktheircars,checkthestatusofbatteriesonelectriccars,findthelocationofthecar,orremotelyactivatetheclimatecontrolsystem Autopilot:Multiplesensorsplacedallroundthecar,whichhelpthecarunderstandtheenvironmentandmakedecisiononwhatactionshavetobeperformed. FatigueDetection:includemultiplesensorswhichmonitorthesteeringpattern,lanemonitoringandanalyzethedrivingbehaviorandifnecessaryadvisesthedrivertorest.

    AdvancedFeaturesofModernCars

  • SACON 2017

    HacksonCarssofar

  • SACON 2017

  • SACON 2017

  • SACON 2017

  • SACON 2017

    Almosthalfthe89,000vehiclesbrokenintoinLondonlastyearwerehacked.