dr. william allan kritsonis, dissertation chair for teresa ann huges, dissertation defense ppt

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Dr. William Allan Kritsonis, Dissertation Chair for Teresa Ann Huges, Dissertation Defense PPT.

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The Relationship Between Professional Learning Communities and Student Achievement in High Schools

The Relationship Between Professional Learning Communities and Student Achievement in High SchoolsA Dissertation Defense byTeresa Ann HughesMajor Professor: William Allan Kritsonis, PhDPhD Program in Educational Leadership

Teresa Ann Hughes Professional Learning Communities

Dissertation Defense FormatTheoretical FrameworkPurpose of the StudyResearch QuestionsMethodMajor FindingsReview of LiteratureRecommendations

Teresa Ann Hughes Professional Learning Communities

Theoretical Framework3 Big IdeasRichard and Rebecca DuFour and Robert EakerStudent Learning

Teresa Ann Hughes Professional Learning Communities

Purpose of the Study The purpose was two-fold:

1. Identify the degree to which each school was functioning as a professional learning community as rated by the principal.

Teresa Ann Hughes Professional Learning Communities

Purpose of the Study2. Identify whether improved student achievement in Mathematics and Reading/English Language Arts Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) scores increased as a result of professional learning communities for the 2004, 2005, and 2006 school years.

Teresa Ann Hughes Professional Learning Communities

Research Questions1. To what degree do principals rate their school as functioning as a professional learning community as measured by the School Professional Staff as Learning Community instrument?

Teresa Ann Hughes Professional Learning Communities

Research Questions2. Is there a relationship between student achievement, based on change in Mathematics Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) scores, and the degree to which the principals report that the school is functioning as a professional learning community?

Teresa Ann Hughes Professional Learning Communities

Research Questions3. Is there a relationship between student achievement, based on change in Reading/English Language Arts Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) scores, and the degree to which the principals report that the school is functioning as a professional learning community?

Teresa Ann Hughes Professional Learning Communities

Null HypothesesH01 - There is no statistically significant relationship between student achievement, as measured by Mathematics Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) scores, and the degree to which a school is functioning as a professional learning community.

Teresa Ann Hughes Professional Learning Communities

Null HypothesesH02 - There is no statistically significant relationship between student achievement, as measured by Reading/English Language Arts Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) scores, and the degree to which a school is functioning as a professional learning community.

Teresa Ann Hughes Professional Learning Communities

MethodDescriptive Statistics

Correlational StatisticsPearsons Correlation

Stepwise Multiple Regression Analysis

Teresa Ann Hughes Professional Learning Communities

MethodIndependent Variable The degree to which a school functions as a professional learning community as rated by the principal.

Dependent Variable Student achievement based on change in Mathematics and Reading/English Language Arts TAKS scores.

Teresa Ann Hughes Professional Learning Communities

MethodSubjects of the StudyAll accessible regular instruction public high schools that functioned as a PLC in TexasGrades 9 through 12Total student enrollment greater than 1,00064 principals responded out of 142

Teresa Ann Hughes Professional Learning Communities

MethodInstrumentationSchool Professional Staff as Learning Community Instrumentfive-point Likert-type instrument Pilot Test and Field Test for reliability and validity conducted by Appalachia Educational Laboratories (AEL)5 Indicators (17 total questions)

Teresa Ann Hughes Professional Learning Communities

MethodInstrumentation 5 Indicators1. School administrators participate democratically with teachers by sharing power, authority, and decision making.

2. There is a shared vision for school improvement in which the school has an undeviating focus on student learning.

3. Staffs collective learning and application of the learning create high intellectual tasks and solutions to address student needs.

Teresa Ann Hughes Professional Learning Communities

MethodInstrumentation 5 Indicators

4. Peers review and give feedback based on observing each others classroom behaviors.

5. Conditions and capacities support the schools arrangement as a professional learning community.

Teresa Ann Hughes Professional Learning Communities

Major Findings Research Question 1 To what degree do principals rate their school as functioning as a professional learning community as measured by the School Professional Staff as Learning Community instrument?

Teresa Ann Hughes Professional Learning Communities

Major FindingsResearch Question 1Mean PLC Score = 68.8Possible Range: 17 to 85Reported Range: 52 to 83

Mean Length of Time as a PLC = 2.5 years

Teresa Ann Hughes Professional Learning Communities

Major FindingsResearch Question 1 Correlation Between Total PLC Score on Instrument and Years as a PLC

r = .347, p = .005, (p < .01)

Teresa Ann Hughes Professional Learning Communities

Review of LiteratureResearch Question 1Lezotte (1997) - The best way to build this broad-based commitment to the goals and strategies is through involvement of the staff and administrators.

Eaker, DuFour, & DuFour (2002) - In a professional learning community, collaboration is embedded into every aspect of the school culture. Every major decision related to the learning mission is made through collaborative processes.

Teresa Ann Hughes Professional Learning Communities

Review of LiteratureResearch Question 1Gale (1997) - For change to be sustained, it is essential that those in authority support the change and those at the site of change must be involved in decisions regarding the change.

Twadell (2006) - The seeds of change in our departmental culture were planted when teachers worked together to develop a shared vision of the department they hoped to become and the students they hoped to shape.

Teresa Ann Hughes Professional Learning Communities

Review of LiteratureResearch Question 1DuFour and Eaker (1998) - Teachers in professional learning communities recognize that teaching has not occurred until learning has occurred, and they act accordingly.

Hinman (2006) - Collaboration and collective inquiry are essential to the PLC concept, but only if teachers remain focused on the right issues.

Teresa Ann Hughes Professional Learning Communities

Review of LiteratureResearch Question 1Muhammad (2006) - They recognize students cannot continually learn at higher levels unless educators are continually developing their cap

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