dr. james d. laub, phd dissertation chair, dr. william allan kritsonis, dissertation committee

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Dr. William Allan Kritsonis, PhD Dissertation Committee for Dr. James D. Laub, PhD Program in Educational Leadership, PVAMU, Member of the Texas A&M University System.

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  • 1. An Analysis of the Rural Public School Superintendency A Dissertation Defenseby James D. Laub Prairie View A & M University Ben C. DeSpain, Ed.D., Chair William Allan Kritsonis, PhD, Committee Member

2. Dissertation Defense Format

  • Purpose of the Study
  • Limitations of the Study
  • Research Questions
  • Null Hypotheses
  • Method of Procedure
  • Major Findings
  • Review of the Literature
  • Conclusions
  • Recommendations

3. Purpose of the Study

  • The purpose of the study was two-fold:
  • 1. To analyze the characteristics of rural public school districts and rural public school superintendents.
  • 2. To examine the governance challenges and the leadership behaviors that are exhibited by superintendents in rural public school districts in dealing with those governance challenges.

4. Limitations of the Study

  • A potential for differences in the responses may have existed, given the type of survey instruments and methodology (mail-out survey and personal interview) utilized in data collection and gathering.
  • The study may have been restricted by the personal perceptions, beliefs, assumptions, feelings, and experiences of rural public school superintendents.
  • Respondents in the study may be unaware of the definitions of transformational and transactional leadership
  • Economic, regional, and cultural biases may have existed in the data, given the scope of the study is geographically based in the southwestern part of the United States.

5. Quantitative ResearchQuestion 1 & Hypothesis

  • What are the differences in identified governance challenges (school board relations, Federal/State mandates, teacher retention, finance, facilities, transportation, curriculum) among superintendents in rural public school districts in 5 selected states?
  • H 01 There are no statistically significant differences in identified governance challenges (school board relations, Federal/State mandates, teacher retention, finance, facilities, transportation, curriculum) among superintendents in rural public school districts in 5 selected states.

6. Quantitative ResearchQuestion 2 & Hypothesis

  • What are the differences in leadership behaviors as identified by the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (Form 5X) among superintendents in rural public school districts in 5 selected states?
  • H 02 There are no statistically significant differences in the leadership behaviors identified by the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (Form 5X) among superintendents in rural public school districts in 5 selected states.

7. Quantitative ResearchQuestion 3

  • What are the differences in leadership behaviors as identified by the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (Form 5X) among superintendents in rural public school districts in 5 selected states when demographic characteristics (age, gender, educational level, years of experience) are considered?

8. Null Hypotheses

  • H 03 There are no statistically significant differences in the leadership behaviors identified by the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (Form 5X) among superintendents in rural public school districts in 5 selected states with respect to age.
  • H 04 There are no statistically significant differences in the leadership behaviors identified by the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (Form 5X) among superintendents in rural public school districts in 5 selected states with respect to gender.

9. Null Hypotheses

  • H 05 There are no statistically significant differences in the leadership behaviors identified by the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (Form 5X) among superintendents in rural public school districts in 5 selected states with respect to educational level.
  • H 06 There are no statistically significant differences in the leadership behaviors identified by the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (Form 5X) among superintendents in rural public school districts in 5 selected states with respect to experience level.

10. Qualitative Research Questions

  • 1. What are the characteristics of rural public school districts?
  • 2. What are the governance challenges facing rural public school superintendents?
  • 3. What are the factors that contribute to superintendent turnover in rural public school districts?

11. Qualitative Research Questions

  • 4. What leadership behaviors are practiced to address the current and future challenges facing rural public school superintendents?
  • 5. What knowledge, skills, and strategies are utilized by rural public school superintendents to address governance challenges?

12. Method of Procedure Population - Quantitative

  • Superintendents from rural public school
  • districts in five southwestern states.
      • Located in a place outside of a metropolitan statistical area that has a population of fewer than 2,500 persons (U.S. Dept. of Education)
      • 1,052 identified superintendents - Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Arkansas, Arizona
      • Stratified random sample - 280 male rural public school superintendents and 118 female rural public school superintendents.
      • 175 responded out of 398 (112 male, 63 female), producing an overall 44% return rate.

13. Method of Procedure Population - Qualitative

  • Qualitative information from the sample population respondents was gathered by personal interview 26 in person, 4 via telephone
  • Selected by convenience sampling from the target population.
  • Thirty rural public school superintendents were selected and invited to participate
    • ESC Regions 3, 4, 6, 11, and 13

14. Method of Procedure Instrumentation

  • MLQ (Form 5X) Leadership Inventory Instrument
    • Comprised of 36 items measuring nine subscales
    • Uses a 5-point Likert-type scale to measure and identify leadership behaviors
    • Current review of the MLQ is pending for the Seventeenth Mental Measurement Yearbook
    • Review in the Fourteenth Mental Measurement Yearbook yielded that the available research
    • provides evidence that the MLQ consistently measures the constructs of transformational and transformational leadership

15. Method of Procedure

  • Analysis of Variance
      • 5 groups
      • Descriptive, Explanatory Study
      • Survey and Nominal Data
    • One Way, H 01and H 02
    • Factorial, H 03 H 06
    • Independent Variable Rural Superintendents
    • Dependent Variable Leadership Behaviors
    • Factors Demographic Data
    • Data were measured a 95% level of significance, alpha of p

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