dr. william allan kritsonis, dissertation chair for rhodena townsell, dissertation proposal ppt

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Dr. William Allan Kritsonis, Dissertation Chair for Rhodena Townsell, Dissertation Proposal PPT.


  • 1. RURAL AFRICAN AMERICAN ADMINISTRATORCAREER TRAJECTORIESA Dissertation ProposalbyRhodena TownsellWilliam Allan Kritsonis, PhD Dissertation ChairPresented toWhitlowe Radcliffe Green College of EducationPh.D. Program in Educational LeadershipPrairie View A&MIn partial requirement of the requirements for the degree ofDOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHYJune 2008
  • 2. Chapter IIntroductionAfrican Americans administrators are actively recruitedand groomed to fill leadership positions in some urbanand inner city schools (McCray & Beachum, 2004;Buxton, 2007; Gewertz, 2006; Scott, 1980).Studies reveal that some African Americanadministrators prefer to work with the students in thoseschools (Bates, 2007).However, that is not true for all African Americanadministrators (Laub, 2007).
  • 3. Chapter IStatement of the ProblemLiterature related to educationalLeadership does not adequately reflectthe work of rural African Americanadministrators.
  • 4. Chapter IPurpose of the StudyThe purpose of this study will be to describe factorsthat influence the career trajectories of rural AfricanAmerican administrators. These administrators arerole models to many individuals (Nganga &Kambutu, 2005). Literature suggests that aspiringschool leaders may gain insight from theexperiences of others that will result in a betterunderstanding of the diverse career pathwaystoward successful school leadership (Crenshaw,2004).
  • 5. Research Questions What academic and work experiences influence the career pathwaystaken by rural African American administrators? What encouragements found in the work place and in thesurrounding community influence the career pathways of ruralAfrican American administrators? What barriers found in the workplace and in the surroundingcommunity influence the career pathways of rural African Americanadministrators? What characteristics of rural African American administrators appearto influence their career pathways?
  • 6. Conceptual FrameworkThe conceptual framework for this researchstudy will be based The CareerChoice Model of Betz and Fitzgerald (Manuel &Slate, 2003), portions of Thedore Kowalskisresearch on minority administrators (2003), andPremises from Critical Race Theory (Delgado &Stefanic,2000).
  • 7. Conceptual Framework The Career Choice Model Experiences and Encouragements Theodore Kowalski MinorityAdministrators Barriers and Characteristics Critical Race Theory (CRT) Racism in America is normal Stories, words and silence construct beliefs A. A. Success is cultivated and tolerated for a price
  • 8. Conceptual Framework Traditional models in leadership aredeveloped by using mostly Caucasianmales and should not be generalizedfor other groups of individuals (Kezar &Moriarty, 2000). Other individuals experience the socialworld in their own unique way (Valverde& Brown cited in Kowalski, 2003).
  • 9. Significance of the Study Data gathered in this study will add information to thebody of knowledge in educational leadership The data may be informative to teachers who desireto become rural administrators The conceptual framework of this study may be usedto study similar populations
  • 10. Before Brown v. the Board of Education(1954) 82,000 African Americanteachers were employed to teachapproximately eight million AfricanAmerican students (Toppo, 2004)African Americans andPublic Schools
  • 11. African Americans andPublic Schools After Brown v. the Board of Educationapproximately 38,000 African Americanteachers and administrators in manySoutheastern states lost their jobs (Echols,2007). As many as 90% of African Americanprincipals were dismissed (Toppo, 2004). Approximately 5000 uncertified Caucasianteachers were hired in Texas (Toppo, 2004).
  • 12. Rural School Challenges High poverty rate (The Rural School andCommunity Trust Organization, 2007) Inadequate building features (NEA, 1998). Rural schools receive fewer federal, state,and local funds than other schools (The RuralSchool and Community Trust Organization,2007)
  • 13. Rural School Challenges School boards Lower Salaries Social, Cultural and ProfessionalIsolation
  • 14. Rural School Challenges Rural educators may have to work asteachers in their school districts formany years before an administrativeopportunity becomes available(Townsell & Kritsonis, 2006). Rural administrators may have to wearmany hats (Benson, 2006).
  • 15. Experiences(Academic and Work) Most held undergraduate degrees at HBCUs andgraduate degrees from Colleges or Universitiespredominately attended by Caucasian students(Echols, 2007). Childhood Memories (Turner, 2004) Department Chairs (Kezar & Moriarty, 2000) Default, tenure, or mentor suggestion (Turner, 2004)
  • 16. Encouragements Family Members (Bush, et al, 2005; Turner,2004) Mentors (Manuel & Slate, 2003; Turner,2004) Themselves (Manuel and Slate, 2003). Colleagues (Manuel and Slate, 2003). God (Echols, 2007; Turner, 2004). Just a Matter of Luck (Bush, et al, 2005).
  • 17. Barriers School Board Agendas (Bates, 2007; Laub,2007 Kowalski, 2003; Ortiz, 2000; Willie &Willie, 2005) Politics (Adell, 2004; Kerka, 1998) Beliefs of Society (Delgado & Stefanic, 2000;Kerka, 1998; Kowalski, 2003) Discrimination (Bush, et al, 2005; Delgado &Stefanic, 2000; Echols, 2007; Turner, 2004) Lack of Mentoring and Role Models (Kerka,1998; Turner, 2004 )
  • 18. Characteristics(Bush, et al, 2005) Resilience Personal determination, courage,confidence, and hard work (Kowalski,2003). Willingness to understand and respect othercultures and to build positive relationships The professionalism to maintain composureand keep control in adverse situations.
  • 19. Themes from the Literature(Adell, 2004; Benson, 2006) Personal Motivation (Adell & Benson) Multimodal Communication (Adell) Thirst for Knowledge (Adell) Mentoring Relationships (Adell & Benson) Support (Adell & Benson) Understanding Politics (Adell) Breaking New Ground (Benson) Size (Benson) Areas of Expertise (Benson) Outsider versus Insider Job Preparation (Benson)
  • 20. Research Design This will be a qualitative descriptive study Data will be collected in the form of structuredpersonal interviews from rural AfricanAmerican administrators The interview scripts will be coded for theemerging and contrasting themes The review of literature will be used as abasis for preliminary theme identification
  • 21. Population & Sample The target population for this study will be AfricanAmerican administrators working at Texas publicschools. Why Texas? More children attend rural schools in Texas than inany other state (The Rural School and Community TrustOrganization, 2007) Snowball Sampling will be utilized to obtain the participation ofsix African American administrators. These administrators willbe nominated by the officials of the 20 Texas Education ServiceCenters. and the officers of the Texas Alliance of Black SchoolEducators (TABSE)
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