Copyright © 2006 by Allyn and Bacon Chapter 1 Biopsychology as a Neuroscience What is Biopsychology, Anyway? This multimedia product and its contents are

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  • Slide 1
  • Copyright 2006 by Allyn and Bacon Chapter 1 Biopsychology as a Neuroscience What is Biopsychology, Anyway? This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: any public performance or display, including transmission of any image over a network; preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, of any images; any rental, lease, or lending of the program.
  • Slide 2
  • Copyright 2006 by Allyn and Bacon Four Major Themes Thinking about biopsychology Connecting the text to real life Clinical implications The evolutionary perspective The comparative approach what can we learn from other species? Cognitive neuroscience Connecting brain activity and cognition
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  • Copyright 2006 by Allyn and Bacon What is Biopsychology? the scientific study of the biology of behavior psychobiology, behavioral biology, behavioral neuroscience psychology: the scientific study of behavior Hebb (1949) proposed that psychological phenomena might be produced by brain activity
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  • Copyright 2006 by Allyn and Bacon Biopsychology is an integrative discipline Knowledge from other disciplines of neuroscience is applied to the study of behavior Each discipline studies a different aspect of the nervous system that informs our understanding of what produces and controls behavior
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  • Copyright 2006 by Allyn and Bacon Other Disciplines of Neuroscience
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  • Copyright 2006 by Allyn and Bacon Other Disciplines of Neuroscience
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  • Copyright 2006 by Allyn and Bacon Biopsychological Research Human and nonhuman subjects Experiments and nonexperiments Pure and applied research
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  • Copyright 2006 by Allyn and Bacon Human and nonhuman subjects Differences are more quantitative than qualitative Same basic structures (qualitative), but how much of each structure varies (quantitative)
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  • Copyright 2006 by Allyn and Bacon Human and nonhuman subjects Fewer ethical restrictions
  • Slide 10
  • Copyright 2006 by Allyn and Bacon Experiments and nonexperiments Quasiexperimental studies studies of groups of subjects exposed to conditions in the real world Not real experiments as potential confounded variables have not been controlled
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  • Copyright 2006 by Allyn and Bacon Pure and Applied Research Pure research conducted for the purpose of acquiring knowledge Applied research intended to bring about some direct benefit to humankind Some research projects may have elements of both
  • Slide 12
  • Copyright 2006 by Allyn and Bacon Divisions of Biopsychology Six major divisions Each has a different approach, but there is much overlap Physiological psychology, psychopharmacology, neuropsychology, psychophysiology, cognitive neuroscience, comparative psychology
  • Slide 13
  • Copyright 2006 by Allyn and Bacon Divisions of Biopsychology Physiological psychology Psychopharmacology Neuropsychology
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  • Copyright 2006 by Allyn and Bacon Divisions of Biopsychology Psychophysiology Cognitive neuroscience Comparative psychology
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  • Copyright 2006 by Allyn and Bacon Converging Operations Using multiple approaches to address a single question
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  • Copyright 2006 by Allyn and Bacon Converging Operations
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  • Copyright 2006 by Allyn and Bacon Converging Operations
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  • Copyright 2006 by Allyn and Bacon Scientific Inference The empirical method that biopsychologists use to study the unobservable Scientists measure what they can observe and use these measures as a basis for inferring what they cant observe
  • Slide 19
  • Copyright 2006 by Allyn and Bacon Critical Thinking The ability to evaluate scientific claims by identifying potential omissions or weaknesses in the evidence Morgans Canon when several explanations are possible, give precedence to the simplest one