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 Dfigladxm  éibkmŤjxm éi t~jŤa}l m}pf~mji

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  • 7/30/2019 Conflicte inghetate in spatiul european

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    Dfigladxmibkmjxm i

    t~ja}l m}pf~mji

  • 7/30/2019 Conflicte inghetate in spatiul european

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    ~mixp} gaaij }eji dmmj dm mtxm gjd}lxjxmj hm j wmhmj ~mixp} fdka, fjemiaa jp ga e~amhadja t%agjd p} iaa a jlxfpj, dda d}ifjxmpmj jhmwp}l}a gjdm t idmxmzm h}eiaj a }pj a ae~amhad t%a gjd p} }iaa jlxfpj"

    H}~ hmtxpejpmj ]PTT, t~ja}l mtx%m}pf~mji j gftx `}lwmptjx a j xpm`}ax t btmjtd ifatxpjxmbaa hm pmzflwjpm j peamlfp ~flaxadaa txjlaiatxm hai lfd}l dfe}iatxf%`flmwad)

    ixp%}i jpxadfl ~}`ladjx i 0>>2, Hji ^mxpm jxpjbm jxmiaj jt}~pj jdmtxfp~pf`lmem bmf~flaxadm djpm ejpdkmjz t~ja}l Epaa Imbpm a djpm, dfigfpe j}xfp}l}a, t}ix lmbjxmhm txjx}x}l ~ftx%ae~mpajl jl jdmtxma zfim)

    Hma pmzflwjxm, tj} edjp ai}xm t}` dfixpfl i dmlm eja e}lxm haixpm djz}pa, jdmtxm~pf`lmem tm jd}xazmjz i xae~, ~pfwfdih m~atfjhm hm l}~x jpejx) Fhjx ~pfh}tm,jdmtxmm~atfjhm i}%a btmtd f tfl}afijpm h}pj`al3 jtxgml, h}~ idmxjpmj dfigp}ixpalfp jpejxm, peimf txjpm xmitafijx a je`ab} hai ~}idx hm wmhmpm ~flaxad a o}pahad, tj}, jlxgml t~}t, }i dfigladxibkmjx)

    Hma ~}xme ahmixagadj f tmpam ixpmjb hm jtxgml hm dfigladxm i ixpmjbj l}em, i ~mpafjhjpmdmix, m{~pmtaj j gftx gflftax eja d} tmje ~mixp} j hmtmeij dxmwj tax}jaa hai t~ja}l gftxma]PTT, ~pmd}e a djz}l Cftfwf ijaixm hm pmd}ifjxmpmj,hm =; hm txjxm +lj efemix}l j~palam0>>1!, j t}wmpjiaxaa jdmtx}aj) Jlx zfi dm ~fjxm aixpj i jdmjtx djxmbfpam mtxm Da~p}l hm Ifph)

    Bp}~jxm i zfij Epaa Imbpm%zfi hm ae~fpxji txpjxmbad ~mixp} IJXF, ]M a P}taj%dfigladxmlm ibkmjxm t}ix ~ftxjxm ~m j{j m}pf%jtajxad, ~pai ejiagmtxjpm gaaih dfigladxm mixadm,xmpaxfpajlm a pmlabafjtm, d}e jp ga? midljwj Ijbfpif%Cjpj`jk, Xpjitiatxpaj, Ftmxaj, Aib}mxaj,Dmdmiaj )j)

    Dfidm~x}l hm dfigladx ibkmjx ~jpm gjdal hm hmgaiax? ml tm pmgmp lj dfigladxm djpm i} j}gftx tfl}afijxm hjp djpm i} tm hmp}lmjz i xmpemia hm l}~xm jpejxm, da tm ~mp~mx}mjz f txjpmhm gj~x djpm i} mtxm djpjdxmpazjx iada hm ~jdm, iada hm pz`fa) 4 D} xfjxm jdmtxmj, f jijlaz ejaxmemaiad j djpjdxmpatxadalfp jdmtxfp dfigladxm mtxm imdmtjp ~mixp} j imlmbm djxmbfpaj hmgmifemim ~m djpm lm hmtmeimjz xmpemi}l) Eja ixa, f djpjdxmpatxad dfe}i j djz}palfp hm djpm

    im wfe fd}~j mtxm d xfjxm j~jp i ifalm txjxm dpmjxm h}~ hmzeme`pjpmj gftxma ]PTT) i jlhfalmj pih, mtxm wfp`j ixfxhmj}ij, dml ~}ai lj iawml pmxfpad, hm }i dfigladx mxiad%xmpaxfpajl, eja~pmdat hm bp}~}pa mxiadm djpm hfpmtd tmdmta}imj gj hm txjx}l hai djpm gjd ~jpxm)

    Wfe wmhmj i dmlm dm }pemjz d ~}xme ~}im t}` tmei}l ixpm`paa djpjdxmp}lmtmiajlemixm mxiad jl jdmtxfp dfigladxm? gfjpxm jhmtmj, hatd}pt}l mxiad i} mtxm hmdx f gjjh a }ieaolfd jl mlaxmlfp dfih}dxfjpm hm j lmbaxaej jda}ialm pz`faiadm i fdkaa ~f~}ljama) Jdmtx l}dp}~jpm d} jxx eja ~lj}za`al d} dx jwme hm j gjdm hm f`adma d} bp}~}pa mxiadm gp f xpjhaamijafijl jixmpafjp dpmpaa ]PTT) i jl xpmalmj pih, dml eja jhmtmj, jdmtxm dfigladxm t}ix itfaxmhm dpmjpmj }ifp pmmlm hm dpae fpbjiazjx, djpm tm t}~pj~}i ~mtxm txp}dx}palm txjxjlmj}xf~pfdljejxm) i tgpax, j}xf~pfdljejpmj dj Txjx j jdmtxfp bp}~}pa mxiadm xmpaxfpajlazjxm dpmmjzmixaxa txjxjlm hm gjdxf, hjp i} hm o}pm8) D} jlxm d}waixm, pmbae}palm aitxjljxm jada j} dfixpfl jt}~pjxmpaxfpa}l}a, hjp i} t}ix pmd}iftd}xm hm dmaljla t}`amda ja hpm~x}l}a aixmpijafijl Txjxm tj}fpbjiazjaa aixmpijafijlm) Jdmtxm txjxm hm gjdxf m{mpdax t}wmpjiaxjxmj aixmpi gp j jwmj f

    4Hfw LQIDK, P}ttaji ^mjdmcmm~aib Txpjxmbamt xfrjpht xkm DAT? Xkm Djtmt fg Eflhfwj, Bmfpbaj jih Xjoacatxji,Lfihfi, PAAJ jih Ejdeallji, 0>>>88 Tdfxx ^MBB, Aixmpijxafijl Tfdamxq jih xkm Hm Gjdxf Txjxm, Jtkbjxm, Jlhmptkfx, :11;

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    lmbaxaejpm m{xmpi) M{atx a jlxm xptx}pa dfe}im jlm pmbae}palfp ~flaxadm hai jdmtxm txjxmj}xf~pfdljejxm, hjp impmd}iftd}xm? mlaxmlm j} hm dmlm eja e}lxm fpa lmbx}pa hm dlji, ~}xmpmj mtxm~mptfijlazjx a pmzah, hm f`adma, i eaialm }ifp lahmpa djpatejxada, txp}dx}palm hm hmdazam t}ixf~jdm a gfjpxm dmixpjlazjxm) Eja e}lx, t}ptmlm hm wmiax}pa jlm b}wmpimlfp pmt~mdxawm t}ix dml ejajhmtmj almbjlm)

    Jdmtxm dfigladxm bmimpmjz f txjpm hm ~mpejimix dpaz, dda j} ~pfh}t, ~m xmpemi td}px,ejtawm hm~f~}lpa, dpazm }ejiaxjpm, dfigladxm ealaxjpm, ~}pagadpa mxiadm mxd)^m xmpemi l}ib "dfigladxmlm ibkmjxm" apftmtd pmt}ptm mdfifeadm a mimpbaalm ~flaxadm jlm

    jdmtxfp txjxm tl`axm a ~j}~mpazjxm, bmimpmjz f dfp}~am td~jx hm t}` dfixpfl a dpaefpbjiazjx3 ibpm}imjz dfitflahjpmj txjxmlfp ijafijlm3 a id}pjomjz aitxj`alaxjxmj aaitmd}paxjxmj hai pmba}im) Hai jdmtx efxaw, `lfdkmjz ~pfdmt}l hm ijaixjpm j gpfixampma m}pf%jxljixadm t~pm Mtx, dda aih}d }i ji}eax bpjh hm aihmdazam lj iawml txpjxmbad i t~ja}l m}pf%jxljixad, i gfpe}ljpmj aixmpmtmlfp mdfifeadm a hmefdpjxadm i jdmtxm pmba}ia a jemiai~pfamdxmlm hm aixmbpjpm j txjxmlfp i txp}dx}palm m}pf%jxljixadm lpbaxm=)

    Dfigladxmlm ibkmjxm j} hmxmpeaijx mwfl}aj }ifp dpazm }ejiaxjpm, djpm j} hmwmiax fjhmwpjx ~pf`lme ~m jbmihj hm l}dp} j fpbjiazjaalfp aixmpijafijlm)

    Jdmtxm dpazm }ejiaxjpm%bmimpjxm hm pmlfdpa hm ~f~}ljaa +P)Eflhfwj!, ~}pagadpa mxiadm+Bmfpbaj, Jzmp`jahoji, Jpemiaj!, p}xm dpaeaijlm, xpjgad hm ~mptfjim, hpfb}pa a jpejemix j}jw}x mgmdxm imbjxawm i ~pfefwjpmj }ifp txpjxmbaa hm tmd}paxjxm i zfij Epaa Imbpm a j pmba}iaadj}djzamim)

    Djz}palm ~m djpm lm wfe jijlazj t}ix dmlm hai t~ja}l m{xait jl Epaa Imbpm, aji}em? Xpjitiatxpaj, Ijbfpif%Cjpj`jdk, Ftmxaj hm T}h, J`kjzaj a Dmdmiaj) Iada }i}l haixmpaxfpaalm jgljxm i hatd}am i} jpm amapm hapmdx lj Ejpmj Imjbp, ajp i hf} haixpm djz}pa, iadatxjxmlm hai djpm gjd ~jpxm jdmtxm xmpaxfpaa Pm~}`ladj Eflhfwj a Jzmp`jaoji}l)

    Xfjxm jdmtxm dfigladxm j} it }i ae~jdx ae~fta`al hm imblaojx jt}~pj bmf~flaxadaa EpaaImbpm a jt}~pj pmljaalfp ~flaxadm a mdfifeadm djpm tm mt i jdmtx t~ja} a ixpm jdmtx t~ja} apmtx}l l}eaa) Jtxgml, dfigladxmlm ~m djpm lm wfe jijlazj jgmdxmjz jlajimlm haixpm txjxmlm hai

    pmba}im, p}xmlm dfih}dxmlfp hm ~mxpfl a bjzm, bmimpmjz wjl}pa hm pmg}baja a t}ix, xfjxm, lmbjxm hm~fzaaj P}tama dj jdxfp dkmam i zfij Epaa Imbpm) Wfe f`tmpwj hm jtmemimj d xfjxm jdmtxmdfigladxm j} j~p}x i t~ja}l gftxma ]PTT a d, i da}hj }ima ejpa hawmptaxa d}lx}pjlm a atxfpadmj xmpaxfpaalfp lj djpm im pmgmpae, xfjxm dfigladxmlm jijlazjxm ~pmzaix }i ~jxxmpi dfe}i) Wfeidmpdj jjhjp t m{~lade jdmtxm taealax}haia djpm t}ix d} jxx eja waza`alm, d} dx ~mpafjhmlm hmhmtg}pjpm, pmt~mdxaw hm ibkmjpm j dfigladxmlfp jpejxm hai dmlm daida xmpaxfpaa jeaixaxm t}ixgfjpxm j~pf~ajxm, }imfpa dkajp t}~pj~}iih}%tm)

    Hmtxpejpmj ]PTT j ~ljtjx emxpf~flj gftx}l}a ae~mpa} tfwamxad ixp%f ~fzaam hmgmitawgj hm bpjiamlm tjlm) ^m pih, gftxmlm pm~}`lada tfwamxadm a%j} hmdljpjx aihm~mihmij, xmpaxfpaalmpmt~mdxawm a mwmix}jlmlm `mimgadaa txpjxmbadm ~m djpm jdmtxmj lm g}piazj} Eftdfwma xpmdih io}pathadaj dj~axjlmlfp ifalfp txjxm aihm~mihmixm) Eftdfwj j aixmiafijx t a emiai tj} dkajpt%a pmgjd aigl}mij i jdmtxm zfim, ~pai eja e}lxm eaolfjdm, }imlm lj laeaxj lmbatljama a jd}x}emlfp aixmpijafijlm, dmlm eja e}lxm haidflf hm jdmjtx laeax) ]i}l haixpm ~pfdmhmm j gftx}xalazjpmj dfe~ladjxma txp}dx}pa hm j}xfifeaa jheaiatxpjxawm j gftxma ]PTT ~mixp} t}tdaxjpmj }ifpdfigladxm tm~jpjxatxm)

    = Hji H}ibjda}, " Dfigladxmlm ibkmjxm a txpjxmbaj Pfeiama lj Ejpmj Imjbp", Bmtxafijpmj dpazmlfp ealaxjpm a}ejiaxjpm, Mh)Xf~ Gfpe, 0>>8

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    i tdf~}l j~ljipaa jdmtxfpj, i xmpaxfpaalm pmt~mdxawm xpm`}aj t aixmpwai jpejxj p}t,txj`alaih jtxgml dj~mxm hm ~fh ~pai djpm t aigl}mimzm zfij i} hfjp ealaxjp, da a ~flaxad amdfifead)

    Midljwj Cjlaiaibpjh gjdm ~jpxm hai jdmmja lfbad imf%ae~mpajl tj} ~ftx%ae~mpajl jEftdfwma hm dfixpfl jl }ifpdj~mxm hm ~fh i xmpaxfpaalm wmdaim) Hm jdmmj tm ~fjxm t~}im d xfjxm

    jdmtxm dpazm ibkmjxm lj djpm t%jp eja ~}xmj jlx}pj @mljp}t a ixp%f ji}eax et}p dfigladxmlmljxmixm hai mtx}l ]dpjaima +Ejlfp}taj a Dpaemj! t}ix hfjp ~pa jlm }ima ~pf`lmem }iadm adfmpmixm) F jxjpm ~pf`lme jxmj~x f tfl}am }iaxjp a dfmpmix)

    Xpjitiatxpaj

    H}~ dm Pfeiaj j f`ai}x i :1:;, i }pej ^pae}l}a Pz`fa Efihajl,xmpaxfpa}l @jtjpj`ama, pmljaalm haixpm jpj ifjtxp a P}taj&]PTT j} d}iftd}x f ~mpafjh hm

    xmita}ia, hjxfpjxm i ~pae}l pih xfdeja dkmtxa}iaa eflhfwmimxa) Hm m{me~l}, lj dfigmpaijdfiwfdjx i :108 lj Wamij ~mixp} pmblmemixjpmj pmljaalfp `aljxmpjlm, ~jpxmj tfwamxad dmpmfpbjiazjpmj }i}a pmgmpmih}e i @jtjpj`aj djpm t hmdah hjd jdmjtxj xpm`}aj t peipfeimjtd tj} t tm xpjitgfpem ixp%f pm~}`lad tfwamxad tfdajlatx)7 Dmpmpmj mtxm pmg}zjx hm~jpxmj pfei) ^m jdmtx gfih Txjlai dfidm~m f txpjxmbam emiax t jdpmhaxmzm ahmmj lmbaxaeaxaaj~jpxmimima Eflhfwma lj ]PTT, `jzjx ~m dpmjpmj }ima je`ab}axa ijafijlm) Jtxgml, i :108, tmdpmmjz f Pm~}`lad Tfwamxad Tfdajlatx J}xfife Eflhfwmimjtd +PTTJE! ~m xmpaxfpa}l hm ljmtx hm Iatxp}, xmpaxfpa} djpm, t~pm hmftm`apm hm dml `jtjpj`mji, i} gd}tm iadafhjx ~jpxm hai Txjx}lpfei ijaixm hm jdmjtx hjx)D} xfjxm jdmtxmj,xmpaxfpa}l pmt~mdxaw mpj xfx}a lfd}ax hm f ~f~}ljameflhfwmimjtd hmtx}l hm tmeiagadjxaw +48-!)F ~jpxm hai jdmtx xmpaxfpa} wj ga idfp~fpjx i PTT

    Eflhfwmimjtd h}~ :18>? mtxm wfp`j hm jdx}jlj Xpjitiatxpaj)

    Mwfl}aj dfigladx}l}a xpjitiatxpmji

    j) Jiaa 1> lji}l paejcfw

    Hm lj ~paemlm aixmiaa jlm Dkaai}l}a hm j%a hmdljpj t}wmpjiaxjxmj +:11>! a j~faaihm~mihmij, fpbjimlm ~}xmpaa lfdjlm, i txpit dflj`fpjpm d} mgaa Jpejxma j :8%j tfwamxadm+hatlfdjx i zfij i djpm tm jglj dml eja ejpm hm~fzax hm jpejemix tfwamxad hai M}pf~j, ljXapjt~fl! a%j} hmdljpjx, lj pih}l lfp j}xfifeaj gj hm Dkaai} a t%j} ~ljtjx t}` ~pfxmdajealaxjp a ~flaxad j P}tama) Lj 0 tm~xme`pam :11> tm ~pfdlje Pm~}`ladj Tfwamxad Tfdajlatx

    Eflhfwmimjtd Xpjitiatxpmji, ajp lj 0= j}b}tx :11: jdmjtx mixaxjxm a ~pfdlje

    7 Afji TD]PX], Pmljaalm Pfeiama d} ]ia}imj Tfwamxad,:10>%:141,ai AHME +Mh!, [email protected]`ama hm lj idm~}x}pa ~i i 0>>4, @}d}pmxa , Mh) Aitxax}x}l}a D}lx}pjl Pfei, 0>>4, ~~0;2%400, ~01=

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    aihm~mihmij) Mwmiaemix}l tm ~pfh}dm d} hfjp hf} zalm ijaixm dj lj Dkaai} t tm ~pfdljemaihm~mihmij Pm~}`ladaa Eflhfwj, djpm aidl}hmj a Xpjitiatxpaj)

    Dpazj djpm j }pejx j gftx xa~ad ~mixp} dmmj dm j jo}it t itmeim }i dfigladx ibkmjx mtdjljhjpm ealaxjp aixmpwmiam m{xmpi idmxjpmj gfd}l}a t}` j}t~adaalm xp}~mlfp hm emiaimpm j~daa +p}tmxa! eaia%dpazm ~pfwfdjxm ~mpafhad ixpm dmlm hf} mixaxa)

    Dfigladx}l ealaxjp t%j hmtg}pjx i :110) Pm~}`ladj Eflhfwj, djpm i} jwmj f jpejx~pf~pam, da hfjp }iaxa hm ~flaam, j xpm`}ax t gjd gj }ifp gfpm t}~mpafjpm i}empad a dj hfxjpm+e}lxm hai jpemlm gflftaxm ~pfwmiaih hai hm~fzaxmlm Jpejxma j :8%j hm lj Xapjt~fl!) ^mpafjhjgamp`aixm j dfigl adx}l}a j h}pjx hai j~pa lam, dih gfpmlm jpejxm eflhfwmimxaj} idmpdjx t pmdxabm dfixpfl}l jt}~pj xmpaxfpa}l}a Xpjitiatxpama, ~i i a}lam:110, dih t%j tmeijx dfiwmiaj hm idmxjpm j gfd}l}a ixpm Eapdmj Timb}p a @fpatMli ) lj 0: a}lam :110) ^pai jdmtx jdfph t%j igaaijx f Dfeatam ]iagadjx hm Dfixpfl, gfpejx haipm~pmzmixjia ja Dkaai}l}a, Xapjt~fl}l}a, Gmhmpjama P}tm a FTDM, djpm mpj itpdaijx d}hmaimpmj dfixpfl}l}a mgmdxaw jt}~pj zfima hm tmd}paxjxm, jhad jt}~pj lfdjlaxalfp i djpm t%j}hmtg}pjx dfigp}ixpa waflmixm) Tjpdaij Dfeatama j gftx t ahmixagadm a t tfl}afimzm ~fxmiajlmlm

    dfigladxm) Dfeataj g}idafij ~pai dfitmit, dmmj dm hhmj P}tama f ~pbkam ejofp hm aigl}mijpm jhmdazaalfp) Hai jdmtx efxaw, Eflhfwj i} j ~}x}x f`aim mlaeaijpmj gfpmlfp jpejxm xpjitiatxpmim dmtm jglj} +dfixpjp jdfph}l}a hai :110! i zfij hm tmd}paxjxm, xmfpmxad t}` dfixpfl}l m{dl}taw jlgfpmlfp hm emiaimpm j ~daa)

    F j hf}j mxj~ j dpazma j idm~}x fhjx d} tmeijpmj i :118 j }ima hmdljpjaa dfe}imEapdmj Timb}p Abfp Teapifw +lj Xapjt~fl!, dfixpjtmeijx a hm pm~pmzmixjix}l FTDM a hm }ipm~pmzmixjix jl ~pmmhaiama p}tm) Hjd ~i jx}ida dpazj jwmj f dfe~fimix ealaxjp, ajpjdfph}palm tmeijxm wazj} i ~pae}l pih idmxjpmj gfd}l}a a emiaimpmj ~daa, hm jada idm~hmz`jxmpalm o}pahadm a dfitxax}afijlm jt}~pj txjx}x}l}a Xpjitiatxpama i djhp}l Eflhfwma, ~pmd}ea txj`alapmj }i}a tatxme hm bjpjiaa pmda~pfdm e~fxpawj ixfjpdmpaa lj dfigladx) Jdmtxj mtxmefemix}l i djpm idm~m mlaeaijpmj `jpampmlfp ~mixp} jbmiaa mdfifeada hai Xpjitiatxpaj, dmmj dmj ~}t `jzmlm ~mixp} pmhpmtjpmj mdfifead j zfima a, i wapx}xmj jdfph}palfp hm la`mp xpjizax wjejl,j dfih}t lj xpjitgfpejpmj Xpjitiatxpama ixp%}i pja jl dpaema fpbjiazjxm, jl mwjza}iaa gatdjlm axpjgad}l}a aladax) Pm~}`ladj Eflhfwj j mlaeaijx fpadm dfixpfl wjejl lj ~}idxmlm hm xpmdmpm hait~pmXpjitiatxpaj, i xae~ dm Xapjt~fl}l j aixpfh}t }i dfixpfl pab}pft lj ~}idxmlm hm xpmdmpm hait~pmEflhfwj) Xpjitiatxpaj2 a%j lmbaxaejx jtxgml gpfixampmlm gj hm txjx}l gj hm djpm mpj i dfigladxlmbjl a dfitxax}afijl)

    ]lxmpafp, Xpjitiatxpaj j idm~}x t ~pmtmzm xfx eja e}lx ~mixp} tmeijpmj }i}a hfd}emixdjpm t txjx}mzm dljp ~paida~aalm dfitxax}afijlm djpm t b}wmpimzm pmljaalm haixpm jdmjtxj aDkaai}) ^pmtjx hm P}taj a h}~ eja e}lxm mzaxpa, Dkaai}l j tmeijx +~pai ~pmmhaixmlm ^mxp}L}daitdka! lj ; eja :112 }i emefpjih}e ~pmbxax hm m{~mpaa p}a) i jdmtx hfd}emix+emefpjih}e}l ^paejcfw! mpj aixpfh}t ifa}imj aidmpx hm txjx dfe}i, djpm hmgaimj djhp}lpmljaalfp haixpm Dkaai} a Xapjt~fl) Txjx}l dfe}i itmeij gpfixamp dfe}i, t~ja} mdfifead ao}pahad dfe}i, t~ja} dfe}i hm j~pjpm, t~ja} tfdajl dfe}i)

    2 Aitxax}x}l Fwaha} aidja, Xpjitiatxpaj) Mwfl} aj }i}a dfigladx ibkmxjx a ~mpt~mdxawm hm tfl} afijpm ,@}d}pmxa, tm~xme`pam 0>>=, ~) 4)

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    `) Emefpjih}e}l Cfzjc

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  • 7/30/2019 Conflicte inghetate in spatiul european

    8/27

    Xpjitiatxpaj ~m f ~mpafjh imhmxmpeaijx, dmmj dm jp ga xpjitgfpejx Xpjitiatxpaj ixp%}i jl hfalmjCjlaiaibpjh;)

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    d)^pf~}impmj @mlcfwtca

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  • 7/30/2019 Conflicte inghetate in spatiul european

    9/27

    h) ^lji}l ^fpfmicf

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    jlmbmpa bihaxm j tm hmtg}pj i fdxfe`pam tj} ifame`pam 0>>= a ~pai djpm, ~pf`j`al, tm t~mpdj lahmpaa pmz}lxja t gam ~pf%}dpjaimia)

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    h) Tax}jaj jdx}jl ^lji}l Wfpfiai

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    :> Aitxax}x}l Fwaha} aidja ,f~)dax) ~)=

  • 7/30/2019 Conflicte inghetate in spatiul european

    10/27

    Iatxp}l}a, f`labjxawaxjxmj hmaimpaa dmxmiama pm~}`ladaa Eflhfwj hm dxpm xfa dma djpm wfp gadjihahja i jlmbmpa)

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    Hma pfl}l ~paefphajl jl dfigladx}l}a xpjitiatxpmji j gftx jdmlj hm j dfitxax}a f ~pbkam hmaigl}mijpm j Eflhfwma, jdmtxj j hmwmiax }lxmpafp }i aitxp}emix p}tmtd hm bmtxafijpm j mdkala`p}l}atxpjxmbad zfijl hm aigl}mijpm j f~a}ialfp hm ~flaxad m{xmpi jlm Pfeiama, hm mwfl}am jIJXF t~pm mtx, jwih mgmdxm dkajp i pmljaj blf`jl T]J%P}taj) Jtxgml, eazj dfigladx}l}a jhm~ax d} e}lx ae~fpxjij lfdjl j tmdmta}iaa }ima pmba}ia gj hm }i txjx)

    Xpm~xjx jdmtx dfigladx bmf%~flaxad t%j xpjitgfpejx, it, ixp%f ~pf`lme hm dpaefpbjiazjx) Pmmj}j dpaeaijl i djpm dj~a ja j}xfpaxalfp xpjitatxpmim t}ix ae~ladja ~jpjzaxmjz}imfpa a emdjiatemlm hm hmdazam aixmpijafijlm gdih hagadal jhf~xjpmj tfl}aalfp ~flaxadm jixa%dpaz)

    :: Aitxax}x}l Fwaha} aidja, f~)dax) ~) 2

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    i mwfl}aj jdmtx}a dfigladx, imbfdampalm Dkaai}l}a d} Xpjitiatxpaj j} gftx hmtmfpa la~taxmhm dfmpmi) ^mpafjhmlm hm pjhadjlate a aiglm{a`alaxjxm j} jlxmpijx kjfxad d} dmlm hm xflmpjpm jdmlfp eja jbpmtawm a }ealaxfjpm jdxm jlm jheaiatxpjama hm lj Xapjt~fl)

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    Hm jtmemimj, mtxm hm pmejpdjx j~fpx}l tfdamxaa dawalm hai Eflhfwj i ~pf`lmejXpjitiatxpama, djpm i }lxaeaa jia j gfpe}ljx hagmpaxm j`fphpa a tfl}aa i jdmjtx dkmtxa}im) F}lxae aiaajxaw i jdmtx tmit mtxm emefpjih}e}l hai 0> a}lam 0>>= jl }ifp eme`pa ja tfdamxaadawalm)

    Mtxm gfjpxm ae~fpxjix dj tfl}afijpmj jdmtx}a dfigladx t i} eja gam ltjx m{dl}taw ~m eij}i}a i}ep ead hm imbfdajxfpa, j }ifp m{~mpa i ejimwpm hm d}latm a i xpb}pa ~flaxadm h}`afjtm,hmfjpmdm jdmjtx j`fphjpm j dfigladx}l}a mtxm m{jdx dmmj dm Eftdfwj hfpmxm)

    ^fzaaj ]ia}iaa M}pf~mim

    Xpjitiatxpaj j hmwmiax hfjp pmdmix f`amdx}l jda}iaa ~flaxadm j ]M) idm~ih hai 0>>4, ]M j l}jx

    eja e}lxm et}pa i lmbx}p d} tax}jaj hai Xpjitiatxpaj? i gm`p}jpam 0>>4 j aitxax}ax aixmphadaj ~pawaih jdfphjpmj wazmlfp dfih}dmpaa xpjitiatxpmim,aixmphadam pmiifax i 0>>8 +hai jdmtx ~}idx hm wmhmpm, ]M tax}mjz pmbae}l Teapifw ~m jdmlja~lji d} pmbae}l L}cjmicf!3 j aiaajx imbfdampa eflhf%}dpjaimim d} ~pawapm lj jdfph}palm wjejlm a hm gpfixamp3 i ifame`pam 0>>4 j aixmpwmiax ~pai ijlx}l Pm~pmzmixjix Ojwamp Tfljij ~mixp} hmxmpeaijpmjb}wmpi}l}a eflhfwmji hm j i} jddm~xj ~lji}l Cfzjc3 j imbfdajx }i ~lji `aljxmpjl hm jda}im d} Eflhfwj i djhp}l ~flaxadaa hm wmdaixjxm m}pf~mji+MI^!3 i ejpxam 0>>= j i}eax }i pm~pmzmixjix t~mdajl ~mixp} Eflhfwj i ~mptfjij ha~lfejx}l}afljihmz Jhpajji Ojdf`fwaxt hm Tzmbmh a wj hmtdkahm i xfjeij l}a 0>>= }i `apf} jl DfeatamaM}pf~mim lj Dkaai}) Tjpdaialm jdmtx}a pm~pmzmixjix }pemjz j gaj! ixpapmj dfixpa`}ama ]M lj pmzflwjpmj dfigladx}l}a xpjitiatxpmji`! txj`alapmj }ifp dfixjdxm d} b}wmpi}l hm lj Dkaai} a d} jla jdxfpa aixmpia ~mixp} j fgmpa ]Mdfitalampm i ~pawaij ~flaxadalfp hm }pejx a

    :0 Djpm tm gjdm d} jtmixaemix}l x}x}pfp ~ p alfp :4 Fpbjiazj aj ~mixp} tmd}paxjxm a dff~mpjpm i M}pf~j3 tm dfidmixpmjz jt}~pj ~pmwmiapaa dfigladxmlfp, jheaiatxp paa dpazmlfp a pmdfitxp}d ama ~ftx%dfigladx}jlm )Mtxm gfpejx hai =7 hm

    pa hai M}pf~j, Emhaxmpji , Dj}djz, Jtaj Dmixpjl a Jempadj hm Ifph, jdf~mpaih t~j a}l meatgmpma ifphadm" hm lj Wjidf}wmp lj Wljhawftxfc")

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    d! hmzwflxjpmj ~flaxadalfp m}pf~mim i pmljam d} Eflhfwj a d} pmba}imj, i t~mdajl i tmit}l~pmwmiapaa a tfl}afipaa dfigladxmlfp)

    Dkajp hjd i} mtxm ae~ladjx i gfpejx}l hm imbfdampa, ]M j jlmt jtxgml t hmwai }i jdxfp jdp}a f~aiam t gam aigl}mix) ]M wazmjz hmtxp}dx}pjpmj bp}~}palfp mdfifeadm, ~flaxadm a tfdajlmdjpm j} gd}x ~fta`al jdmtx dfigladx ibkmjx, ~pmd}e a txf~jpmj xpjgad}l}a aladax a j dfixpj`jihma)

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    Lj 8 gm`p}jpam :114, Dfitala}l ^mpejimix jl FTDM j igaaijx eata}imj tj hai Pm~}`ladj

    Eflhfwj, d} tdf~}l hm j gjdalaxj pmzflwjpmj ~m djlm ~flaxad j dfigladx}l}a, hm j jdfphj jtatxmi~mixp} dfitflahjpmj t}wmpjiaxaa Pm~}`ladaa Eflhfwj a ~mixp} f`aimpmj }i}a txjx}x t~mdajl jlpmba}iaa xpjitiatxpmim)

    Hm jtmemimj, eata}imj xpm`}aj t efiaxfpazmzm tax}jaj m{atxmix, aidl}taw lj iawml ealaxjp,t t~paoaim pmxpjbmpmj xp}~mlfp txpaim hai jp, xpjitgfpepalm hmefdpjxadm, pm~jxpampmj pmg}bajalfpa pmt~mdxjpmj hpm~x}palfp fe}l}a) i ; eja :112, lj ~pf~}impmj FTDM, j gftx tmeijx lj Eftdfwj}i Emefpjih}e ~pawaih ifpejlazjpmj pmljaalfp haixpm Pm~}`ladj Eflhfwj a Xpjitiatxpaj)Jdmtxj ~pmwmhmj pmi}ijpmj lj }xalazjpmj gfpmlfp jpejxm i pmljaalm haixpm ~pa, emhampmjhagmpmihmlfp hm dxpm Txjxmlm Bjpjixm +P}taj a ]dpjaij!, FTDM a DTA:8, txj`alapmj txjx}x}l}aXpjitiatxpama hm dfe}i jdfph, ~jpxada~jpmj Xpjitiatxpama lj mlj`fpjpmj ~flaxadalfp m{xmpim djpm f~pawmj} hapmdx, dfixai}jpmj jtatxmima FTDM ~mixp} ifpejlazjpmj tax}jama, dfixai}jpmj eata}iaa

    hm emiaimpm j ~daa, dfigfpe jdfph}l}a hai 0: a}lam :110 a pmaixmbpjpmj Xpjitiatxpama itxp}dx}pj txjxjl j Pm~}`ladaa Eflhfwj) Lj 0> ejpxam :11; j gftx tmeijx, lj Fhmttj, i ~pmzmijmg}l}a Eata}iaa FTDM,

    Jdfph}l ~pawaih et}palm hm dpmxmpm j idpmhmpaa a hmzwflxjpmj dfixjdxmlfp haixpm dmlmhf} ~pa) Jdmtxj ~pmwmhmj f pmh}dmpm hpjtxad j i}ep}l}a hm tflhja hai xp}~mlm hm emiaimpm j~daa jlm ~palfp ae~ladjxm, hmealaxjpazjpmj zfima hm tmd}paxjxm haixpm dmlm hf} ~pa aaixpfh}dmpmj hm xp}~m }dpjaimim ~mixp} emiaimpmj ~daa, pmh}dmpmj dfixpfl}l}a wjejl haixpmdmlm hf} ~pa, pmgjdmpmj ~fh}palfp ~mtxm Iatxp}, pmxpjbmpmj mdka~jemix}l}a ealaxjp p}tmtd~pai ]dpjaij, dfe`jxmpmj xpjgad}l}a almbjl hm jpem a hpfb}pa, aigfpejpmj f`amdxaw j f~aiama~}`ladm hai ~jpxmj je`mlfp ~pa, t}taimpmj }ifp ~pfbpjem hm aiwmtxaaa djpm t pmljitmzmf`amdxawmlm aih}txpajlm a mimpbmxadm a t jtab}pm ~pfxmdaj emha}l}a, pmt~mdxjpmj hpm~x}palfpfe}l}a i dfigfpeaxjxm d} pmb}lalm hpm~x}l}a aixmpijafijl)

    Lj t}eeax%}l FTDM hm lj Atxji`}l +:111! t%j hmdat pmxpjbmpmj xp}~mlfp, jpemlfp a e}iaamap}tmxa hai Xpjitiatxpaj ~i lj gaijl}l ji}l}a 0>>0) Lj :7 a}lam :111, Pm~}`ladj Eflhfwj aXpjitiatxpaj j} tmeijx, lj Camw, i ~pmzmij pm~pmzmixjix}l}a FTDM, f Hmdljpjam Dfe}i~pawaih ifpejlazjpmj pmljaalfp `aljxmpjlm) Jdmjtxj ~pmwmhmj dfitxp}apmj pmljaalfp ~m `jzj

    :8 Dfe}iaxjxmj Txjxmlfp Aihm~mihmixm3 jlaji gfpejx hai :: txjxm hai dmlm := gftxm pm~} lada jlm ]ia}iaa Tfwamxadm ) Dpmjpmj DTA j hmdljijx ~pfdmt}l hm hmtxp ejpm j ]ia}iaa Tfwamxadm)

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    ~paida~aalfp m{atxmima }ifp gpfixampm dfe}im a j }ifp ~flaxada mdfifeadm, tfdajlm o}pahadm a hmj~pjpm dfe}im)

    i 0>>:, ~pmmhaiaj j}txpajd j FTDM j jxpjt jxmiaj jt}~pj gj~x}l}a d P}taj i} aj iada fet}p ~mixp} j%a pmt~mdxj f`labjaalm jt}ejxm lj Atxji`}l) Jh}ijpmj ^jpljemixjp j FTDM:= jjhf~xjx eja e}lxm pmzfl}aa i ~pawaij Xpjitiatxpama i xae~}l tmta}ialfp ji}jlm hm lj @}d}pmxa

    +a}lam 0>>>!, ^jpat +a}lam 0>>:!, @mplai +a}lam 0>>0!, Pfxxmphje +a}lam 0>>4!)Lj 4 a}lam 0>>0 Eflhfwj a Xpjitiatxpaj j} tmeijx, lj Camw, i ~pmzmij pm~pmzmixjialfpP}tama, ]dpjaima a FTDM, }i hfd}emix djpm ~pmwmhmj gmhmpjlazjpmj Pm~}`ladaa Eflhfwj) Jdmtx~pfdmt }pej t gam t}~mpwazjx hm dmlm xpma ~pa bjpjixm) Dmlm hf} ~pa j} gftx hm jdfph d} daida~paida~aa hm `jz? dpmjpmj }i}a txjx gmhmpjl, aixmbpaxjxmj Pm~}`ladaa Eflhfwj i gpfixampmlm tjlm hai:11>, t}wmpjiaxjxmj Pm~} ladaa Eflhfwj, dfitahmpjpmj Xpjitiatxpama dj ~jpxm dfe~fimix jjdmtx}a txjx eflhfwmimtd a j}xfifeaj Xpjitiatxpama +dfitxax}am ~pf~pam, aitxax}aa ~pf~paa,lmbatljam ~pf~pam, hpj~ml a txme ~pf~pam!)Tm ~pmwmhmj jheaiatxpjpmj i dfe}i j jgjdmpalfpm{xmpim, tatxme}l}a o}hadajp, gfpmlfp jpejxm, efimhma, wealfp)

    D} fdjzaj Dfigmpaima FTDM hm lj Ejjtxpadkx, hmtg}pjx i ~mpafjhj :%0 hmdme`pam 0>>4,i} t%j pm}ax jhf~xjpmj }i}a hfd}emix gaijl d} ~pawapm lj Xpjitiatxpaj, hjxfpax, i ~paida~jl,

    pmg}z}l}a P}tama hm j tm aidl}hm }i xmpemi ~pmdat ~pawaih pmxpjbmpmj xp}~mlfp tjlm hai zfi) Tm~pmwmhmj dpmjpmj }ima Dfeataa Dfitxax}afijlm Ea{xm, pmxpjbmpmj jptmijl}l}a a j dfixaibmix}l}aealaxjp p}tmtd hai zfi, hmtg}pjpmj }ima eata}ia e}lxaijafijlm hm dfitflahjpm j ~daa t}`ejihjx FTDM a j }i}a dfixaibmix hm f`tmpwjxfpa ealaxjpa imijpeja i Xpjitiatxpaj)

    Lj :4 gm`p}jpam 0>>8, Txjxmlm Bjpjixm P}taj a ]dpjaij, jlx}pa hm ~pmmhaiaj `}lbjp jFTDM, j} meat f tmpam hm ^pf~}impa a Pmdfejihpa wazih pmblmemixjpmj ~pf lmemaxpjitiatxpmim) Jdmtx jdx ~pmwmhmj d txp}dx}pj txjxjl j Pm~}`ladaa Eflhfwj wj ga hm xa~ gmhmpjl) idjhp}l jdmtx}a txjx, Xpjitiatxpaj }pej t ja` dfitxax}am a lmbatljam ~pf~pam i jdfph d}Dfitxax}aj Gmhmpjl) Mpj txjx}jx la`mpxjxmj hm eadjpm j dmxmialfp, `}i}palfp, tmpwadaalfp agaijimlfp ~m xmpaxfpa}l txjx}l}a gmhmpjl dfidfeaxmix d} hmtgaaijpmj `jpampmlfp wjejlm aixmpim)

    i pmzfl}aj jhf~xjx lj t}eeax%}l}a FTDM hm lj Rjtkaibxfi +:%= a}lam 0>>=!, ~pmbxax hm

    ha~lfejx}l gailjihmz Caeef Calo}imi, t%j imblaojx ~fzaaj Dkaai}l}a, hjp, i tdkae`, j gftxjwjixjojx Xapjt~fl}l) T%j dz}x hm jdfph dj ~lji}l p}tmtd a dml }dpjaimji hm pmblmemixjpmxpjitiatxpmji t gam dfe`aijxm ixp%}i taib}p hfd}emix djpm t%jp dfitxax}a ixp%f `jz ~mixp}jhf~xjpmj dx eja d}pih ~fta`al j }i}a txjx}x o}pahad jl Xpjitiatxpama)

    ^pai jhf~xjpmj Lmbaa d} ~pawapm lj ~pmwmhmpalm hm `jz jlm txjx}x}l}a o}pahad t~mdajl jllfdjlaxalfp hai txibj Iatxp}l}a+Xpjitiatxpaj!, lj 00 a}lam 0>>=, ^jpljemix}l hm lj Dkaai} jpm}ax t hmefixmzm }imlm emdjiatem hai ~lji}l A}dmicf +Teapifw%^fpfmicf! hm pmd}ifjxmpmaixmpijafijl j Xpjitiatxpama) Mtxm wfp`j i ~pae}l pih hm ilfd}apmj ifa}iaa hm pm~}`lad % dmh}dmj lj gmhmpjlazjpm a }lxmpafp lj tm~jpjpm ~pai pmgmpmih}e % d} dmj hm pm~}`lad d} j}xfifeam,a hm dfihaafijpmj jlmbmpalfp i Dfitala}l T}~pme jl Xpjitiatxpama hm hmealaxjpazjpmj ahmefdpjxazjpmj pmba}iaa) mg}l eata}iaa FTDM, Rallaje Kall j hmdljpjx d FTDM i} wjefiaxfpazj jlmbmpalm hjd j}xfpaxalm j}xf~pfdljejxma pm~}`lada wfp hmdahm t hmtgfjpm jlmbmpaaihm~mihmix i l}ij hmdme`pam 0>>=, ~mixp} d FTDM i} f`ai}amxm t efiaxfpazmzm jlmbmpa ipmba}ia j}xf~pfdljejxm) Wjpajixj ~pf~}t j gftx jdmmj dj tdp}xai}l t gam fpbjiazjx hm f DfeatamMlmdxfpjl Aixmpijafijl, t}` ejihjx FTDM, it i}eja h}~ hmefdpjxazjpmj pmba}iaaxpjitiatxpmim)

    := igaai jx i ji}l :11:3 ~jpxada~ji a% hmljbj aa ~mpejimixm jlm ~jpljemixmlfp ij afijlm hai dmlm =7 hm txjxm eme`pm jlm FTDM)

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    Ae~ladjpmj FTDM i tfl}afijpmj dfigladx}l}a xpjitiaxpmji i} j hjx pmz}lxjxm, hmfjpmdm mtxmf aitxax}am djpm g}idafimjz h}~ pmb}lj dfitmit}l}a +Gmhmpjaj P}t jpm hpm~x hm wmxf!a i} jpm emdjiatem djpm t hmxmpeaim j~ladjpmj }ima hmdazaa l}jxm )

    Xpjitiatxpaj a ~fzaaj Pfeiama

    Fpadm j~pf~ampm j Eflhfwma hm Pfeiaj mtxm gmpe ai}x t}` dfixpfl hm P}taj ~paiaixmpemha}l Xpjitiatxpama) ixp%}i jlx tmit, Xpjitiatxpaj mtxm }i gjdxfp mgmdxaw hm aitxj`alaxjxm~mixp} Pfeiaj +i} hfjp ~fxmiajl!, i tmit}l d f tmpam hm gl}{}pa hm xpjgad aladax +hm ~mptfjim,jpem, hpfb}pa! xpjizaxmjz Pfeiaj)

    i jdmtx dfigladx, Pfeiaj j jw}x i ~pae aitxji f waza`alaxjxm ejpm) Hmtg}pjx eja jlmti :11: a :110, dfigladx}l jpejx tm dfit}ej i mpj jj%i}eaxmlfp ~fh}pa hm glfpa ixpm Dkaai}a @}d}pmxa, dih mg}za}ialm tmixaemixjlm a dkmepalm lj }iapm hfeaij} jbmihj i Pfeiaj, ajpi Eflhfwj m{atxj f txjpm hm imtab}pji d} ~pawapm lj waj`alaxjxmj if}l}a txjx, d}~ljx d} ft}t~ada}im dpmtdih gj hm hatd}pt}l pfeimtd }iafiatx wmiax dj hai ~jpxmj }ifp gpja ejaejpa)

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    i :11:, tm ~pfdlje Pm~}`ladj Dmdmi j Acmpama) Gfpmlm jpejxm p}tm idmjpd f fgmitaw~mixp} pml}jpmj dfixpfl}l}a i :1183 pz`fa}l tm hfwmhmxm it eja l}ib a eja dfe~ladjx hmdxtm ~pmwz}tmp ? h}pmjz ~i i :117 a i} tm tflhmjz d} f wadxfpam p}t) Mtxm a f ~mpafjh i

    djpm Txjx}l p}t mtxm tl`ax ~m ~lji aixmpi a m{xmpi h}~ x}p`}lmimlm dm j} }pejx hmzeme`ppaa]PTT)^pae}l pz`fa dmdmi mtxm ejpdjx hm }i m~atfh djpm dfe~pfeaxm dj}zj dmdmi i fdkaa

    f~aiama ~}`ladm aixmpijafijlm? mtxm wfp`j hm l}jpmj hm ftxjxada hm lj t~axjl}l hai @}hafifwtc, it}h}l P}tama, i a}iam :11=, dih j} e}pax i o}p hm :=> hai dma ~mtxm :=>> hm ftxjxada ja bkmpalmadmdmim)

    F idmxjpm j gfd}l}a ixpm gfpmlm p}tm a tm~jpjxaxaa j gftx idkmajx i :117, lj Cjtjwa}px,i Hjbkmtxji, }pejx hm f ~mpafjh hm pmbae j}xfpaxjp a pz`fa dawal i Dmdmiaj) F if} xmixjxawj jpejxma p}tm hm j ~pml}j dfixpfl}l ~paixp%f fgmitaw xmpmtxp jpm lfd i :111, hm jdmjtx hjx d}eja e}lx t}ddmt? i gm p}jpam 0>>> jdmjtxj pmd}dmpmxm fpj}l Bpfzia, dj~axjljPm~}`ladaa j}xf~pfdljejxm) Hma l}~xmlm hm bkmpal dfixai} i pmtx}l pmba}iaa, Eftdfwjaitxjlmjz i Dmdmiaj }i b}wmpi ~pf%p}t a, i xae~, pm}mxm t hmzfpbjiazmzm eadjpmjtm~jpjxatx ~pai jtjtaijpmj lahmpalfp ta? gftx}l ~pmmhaixm Jtlji Ejtcjhfw +i 0>>=! adfejihjix}l bkmpalmlfp, Tkjeal @jtjqmw +0>>7!)

    Jxmixjxmlm hm lj :: tm~xme`pam 0>>: j} gftx }i ~pmxm{x ~mixp} P}taj hm jidjhpjmwmiaemixmlm hai Dmdmiaj i djxmbfpaj jdxmlfp xmpfpatxm, jda}ialm tjlm hm pm~paejpm jtm~jpjxaxalfp d~xih jtxgml f lmbaxaeaxjxm aixmpijafijl t~fpax)

    ^mixp} ~mpafjhj hm h}~ 0>>>, Lj}pmix Waijxamp pmejpd f txpjxmbam hm hmzjibjojpmhai ~jpxmj Eftdfwma, djpm idmjpd t xpjitgmpm bmtxafijpmj dfigladx}l}a dxpm gfpmlm dmdmimlfajlm P}tama, azflih jtxgml dfigladx}l i aixmpafp}l pmba}iaa0:)

    Ejpmlm mmd jl l}~xma dmdmim ~mixp} tmdmta}im j dfitxjx i gj~x}l d jdmjtxj i} j pm}ax tbmimpmzm }i mgmdx hm hfeaif i dmlmljlxm pm~}`lada hai aixmpafp}l Gmhmpjama P}tm, peiihjtxgml }i djz azfljx)i da}hj jdmtx}a gj~x, i}ep}l hm wadxaem jl ~pae}l}a pz`fa dmdmi tm pahadj ljddj):>>>>> hmoj i :11;)

    Jtxza, Dmdmiaj mtxm dfitahmpjx pmljxaw txj`al, i da}hj l}~xmlfp t~fpjhadm djpm j} lfd ixpmbkmpalmlm tm~jpjxatxm a gfpmlm b}wmpi}l}a dmdmi) Jtxgml, dfigladx}l hai Dmdmiaj ~jpm taib}p}l djzhm dfigladx ibkmjx hm lj Ejpmj Imjbp djpm j gftx pmzflwjx) ^mpafjhj tj hm ibkmjpm j h}pjx

    0: Lj}pmix Waijxamp, f~)dax, ~):8

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    19/27

    hfjp hai :117 ~i i :111, xae~ i djpm P}taj i} j gftx dj~j`al t ~}i dj~x aihm~mihmima hmgjdxf j Pm~}`ladaa)

    Efxaw}l tfl}afipaa dfigladx}l}a mtxm tae~l}? aixmpwmiaj i gfp j Txjx}l}a hm djpm t%jidmpdjx tmdmta}imj, Gmhmpjaj P}t) Jdmjtx jj%zat tfl}am i} ~fjxm ga dfitahmpjx f f~a}im~mixp} iada }i}l hai dmlmljlxm dfigladxm hai zfi, hmfjpmdm i} jwme hm j gjdm d} Txjxm jxx hm

    ~}xmpiadm) Eja e}lx hmdx jxx, efh}l i djpm dfigladx}l hai Dmdmiaj j gftxtfl}afijx" ~fjxm ga d}bpm} dfitahmpjx }i m{me~l} hm `}i ~pjdxad i pmzflwjpmj jdmtx}a bmi hm djz}pa)

    Da~p} hm Ifph

    Da~p} tj} Ait}lj Jgpfhaxma j d}iftd}x hm%j l}ib}l xae~}l}a i}empfjtm tx~iapa txpaim)Pfejiaa, `azjixaiaa, dp}dajaa, Wmimaj a Ae~mpa}l Fxfeji t}ix dmlm eja mlfdwmixm m{me~lm ijdmtx tmit)

    Gaaih f ait}l tax}jx txpjxmbad i zfij Djijl}l}a T}mz, Da~p} j jxpjt jxmiaj Ae~mpa}l}[email protected] djpm j jim{jx%f i :;2;) H}~ jl hfalmj pz`fa efihajl je~l}l ~pfdmt atxfpad d}iftd}xhpm~x hmdflfiazjpm j d}~pait a ~f~fp}l da~pafx) Jtxgml, lj :7 j}b}tx :17> Da~p} j hmwmiax txjxaihm~mihmix d} djpjdxmp gmhmpjl hjxfpax gj~x}l}a d ait}lj mtxm lfd}ax hm hf} mxiaa +bpmda ax}pda!)

    i djlmj Da~p}l}a ~pmj t tm hmtdkah f ~mpafjh hm mdkala`p}, txj`alaxjxm a ~pft~mpaxjxm)it i :128 j aixmpwmiax }i aidahmix djpm j hmx}pijx Da~p} hm ~m xpjamdxfpaj gapmjtd hmdljiih"dpazj da~pafx")

    G}idaj hm ~pmmhaixm mpj hmai}x i :128 hm dxpm M~atdf~}l Ejcjpaft djpm ~li}aj t}imjtd Bpmdaj a Da~p}) Dkajp i ~pmza}j ~pfdljepaa jdmtxma }ia}ia jpejxj X}pdama j fd}~jx~jpxmj hm ifph j ait}lma j dpma ~f~}ljam mtxm ~pm~fihmpmix x}pd dpmih Pm~}`ladj X}pd jDa~p}l}a hm Ifph) Xp}~mlm ~}xmpiad}l}a wmdai hai ifph j} jl}ibjx bpmdaa hai zfij jgljx t}`dfixpfl}l lfp, ajp bpmdaa j} ~pfdmhjx lj gml d} x}pdaa jglja i ~jpxmj hm t}h j ait}lma) Jj t%j jo}itlj gpjbemixjpmj ait}lma ~m dpaxmpaa mxiadm)

    Jtxza, hm gjdxf, m{atx hf} txjxm ~m ait}lj emhaxmpjimji Da~p}, dmmj dm aihad ~pmzmij}i}a dfigladx ibkmjx hm bmi}l dml}a m{atxmix i ~mitait}lj Dfpmmj) Hagmpmij mtmiajl pmzah igj~x}l d X}pdaj gjdm ~jpxm, jlx}pa hm Bpmdaj, hai I)J)X)F), ajp Da~p} mtxm eme`p} d} hpm~x}pahm~laim jl ]ia}iaa M}pf~mim, i xae~ dm tdaihjpmj ~miait}lma Dfpmmj mtxm hm fpabaim ahmflfbad)Jjhjp, }i dfigladx i aixmpafp}l Jlajima Ifph%Jxljixadm i djpm mtxm jxpjt a ]ia}imjM}pf~mji)Jdmjtx "dpazj da~pafx" i} a%j btax id pmzflwjpmj)

    J`kjzaj

    J`kjzaj mtxm f gam hm ~eix hm j~pf{aejxaw ;7>> ce ~jxpja, ~m dfjtxj hm mtx j EjpaaImbpm, lj bpjiaj d} Bmfpbaj a P}taj)Pmd}iftd}x hm Bmfpbaj dj pm~}`lad j}xfife, dj aCjpj`jk ta Xpjitiatxpaj,i} j eja gftx pmd}iftd}x hm iada}i jlx txjx)

    Dmpmpmj hm lpbapm j j}xfifeama ~flaxadm a d}lx}pjlm j J`kjzama t%j jddmix}jx fhjx d}xmihaixmlm tm~jpjxatxm jlm Bmfpbama ai aixmpafp}l ]PTT, hm lj tgjptax}l jialfp :1;>)

    i a}lam :1;1 j} az`}diax waflmixm, hjp jpejxj tfwamxad j aixmpwmiax aemhajx)i a}lam :110 J`kjzaj a%j hmdljpjx aihm~mihmij) B}wmpi}l Bmfpbama j pt~}it xpaeaih

    4>>> hm ealaxjpa a ~pfwfdih l}~xm bpmlm)Tm~jpjxaxaa j`kjza j} gftx aiaxajl aiwaia) La tm jljx}pjtm ta Dfigmhmpjxaj ~f~fjpmlfp hm

    e}ixm hai Dj}djz) ^m hm jlxj ~jpxm, }i ejpm i}ejp hm ~f~}ljxaa ~pf%p}tm hai ifph}l Dj}djz}l}a

  • 7/30/2019 Conflicte inghetate in spatiul european

    20/27

    t%j} }iax ta mlm)T~paoaiaxa hm xp}~m p}tmtxa, j`kjzaa j} ljitjx f ejpm dfixpj%fgmitawj ae~fxpawjBmfpbama)

    Dj ta ai Cjpj`jk, j} }pejx dpaem i ejt a hatxp}bmpa apm~jpj alm)i tm~xme`pam :114, dj~axjlj J`kjzama, T}k}ea, j gftx fd}~jx hm tm~jpjxaxa)Tm mtxaemjz dj j~pf{aejxaw 0=> >>> hm fjemia, i dmj eja ejpm ~jpxm bmfpbamia, j} l}jx djlmj

    m{al}l}a)Ai ~pmzmix, xmita}ialm t}ix ai}xm t}` dfixpfl ~pai ~pmzmij }ifp `tmpwjxfpa FI] ta j }ifpxp}~m hm emiaimpm j ~daa)H}~ hmdljpjaj hm aihm~mihmi j ~pfwaidama Cftfwf, lahmp}l j`ckjz,Tmpbkma @jbj~t, j hmdljpjx d tm imjl daim dpmhm d J`kjzaj tm wj f~pa hai hp}e h}~j dmCftfwf a%j hmdljpjx aihm~mihmij)

    Ftmxaj hm T}h

    Ftmxaj hm t}h mtxm f pmba}im hm j~pf{aejxaw 41>> hm ce ~jxpja, jgljx lj bpjiaj hm ifph jBmfpbama d} P}taj)

    Ftmxaj hm t}h a%j wfxjx aihm~mihmij, ~mixp} j hf}j fjpj, ixp%}i pmgmpmih}e hai

    ifame`pam 0>>7) I}eja P}taj j pmd}iftd}x hmdljpjaj hm aihm~mihmi)F ~paej xmixjxawj t%j gd}x i :110, hjp j gftx pmt~ait lj tdjpj aixmpijafijlj)Ftmxaj hm

    t}h j gftx dpmjxj ai :100, ajp jemtxmd}l mxiad hm ftmxa ta bmfpbamia j pejt imtdkae`jx dxmwjzmda hm jia )

    Ai :1;1,xmita}ialm t%j} jddmix}jx fhjx d} hfpaij lfdjliadalfp hm j fpbjiazj }i gpfix~f~}ljp ~mixp} }iapmj d} Ftmxaj hm ifph jgljx ~mtxm bpjiaxj, i P}taj) Waflmimlm t%j}aixmitagadjx i :11:, dih j} jw}x lfd l}~xm tjibmpfjtm)^mtxm :>>)>>> hm mxiada Ftmxaj hm t}h j}g}bax ai Ftmxaj hm ifph)Bmfpbaj j gftx f`labjx t jddm~xm }i jpeatxaa} ~mixp} j mwaxj fdfigp}ixjpm tmpafjt d} P}taj)

    i }lxaeaa jia j} jw}x lfd pm~mxjxm aixliapa ixpm pm~pmzmixjiaa Bmfpbama a tm~jpjxaxaa

    ftmxamia, hjp i} t%j jo}it lj iada f imlmbmpm)Dj a J`kjzaj, Ftmxaj hm t}h jpm pmljaa mdfifeadma ~flaxadm txpitm d} P}taj)

    i xfjxm dmlm ~jxp} pmba}ia, ~fzaaj P}tama j gftx hm t}taimpm j gfpmlfp tm~jpjxatxm, gam d}tflhja, gam ha~lfejxad, l}dp} djpm i} t%j ixje~ljx a i djz}l Cftfwf)Eftdfwj t}taim dhmdljpjaj hm aihm~mihmi j jdmtxma pmba}ia mtxm almbjl)

    Dfigladx}l hai Cftfwf

    i atxfpaj jdmtx}a dfigladx j} gftx ae~ladj a i}empfta jdxfpa, jxx lj iawml hm tatxme aixmpij afijl djx a lj iawml t}`tatxmead % txjxjl)

    Lj iawml hm tatxme mtxm hm ifxjx aixmpjd a}imj dm j m{atxjx ixpm fpbjiazj aalm aixmpij afijlm jxx m}pf~mim djx a efihajlm) i dfigladx t%j ae~ladjx Fpbjiazj aj Ij a}ialfp ]iaxm d} xpma pmzfl} aa jlm Dfitala}l}a hm Tmd}paxjxm dpaxadjxm hm B}wmpi}l hm lj @mlbpjh dj gaaih jemtxmd i jgjdmpalmaixmpim) IJXF a%j ~}t lj hat~fza am xmkiadj ealaxjp i tdf~}l ae~}impaa pmzfl} aalfp Dfitala}l}a hm Tmd}paxjxm, djz djpm jh}dm gfjpxm `aim jeaixm hm aixmpwmi aj jempadjif% paxjiad hai Apjc +W}l~mj Hm mpx}l}a!, tj} hm f~mpj a}imj "G}px}ij ai Hm mpx")

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    ]ia}imj M}pf~mjij t%j ejiagmtxjx ~pai ae~}impmj hm tjid a}ia A}bftljwama, ~flaxad djpm itj t%j f~pax lj }i ji}eax ~}idx) Ae~fpxji j mtxm, hm jtmemimj aixmpwmi aj Fpbjiazj ama ~mixp} Tmd}paxjxm a Dff~mpjpm i M}pf~j, djpm j ~jpxada~jx d} }i i}ep ejpm hm f`tmpwjxfpa j~jp aiih palfp eme pm) Dkajp a Dfitala}l M}pf~ma a%j hmdljpjx hm d}pih aixmpmt}l hm j tm ae~ladj ai

    pmzflwjpmj ~pf`lmema, eja jlmt jwih ai wmhmpm ~pf`lmejxadj bpjw j idjldpalfp hpm~x}palfp

    fe}l}a)

    Lj iawml hm jdxfpa aixmpij afijla txjxjla, hmeim hm jeaixax t}ix jd a}ialm Txjxmlfp ]iaxm a jlm P}tama) Hm jtmemimj f ae~fpxjix ae~ladjpm i dfigladx f jpm Jl`jiaj, jl dpma lmbatljxaw jpmd}iftd}x Cftfwf hpm~x txjx aihm~mihmix)

    Td}px dpfiflfbam)

    i :1;1, Tlf`fhji Ealftmwad ji}lmjz j}xfifeaj ~pfwaidama Cftfwf, jdx djpm, fhjx j~pf`jx hmjh}ijpmj lmbatljxawj j Cftfwf, h ij xmpm lj waflmi m i pih}l ~f~}lj ama ejofpaxjpm) i a}lam :11>, jl`jimzaa hai Cftfwf hmdljp aihm~mihmi j ~pfwaidama, aihm~mihmi djpm mtxm pmd}iftd}x ji}l }pejxfp hm Jl`jiaj) :11: mtxm ji}l dih idm~m pz`fa}l i A}bftljwaj, ajp i:110 Pm~}`ladj j}xf%~pfdljejx Cftfwf jlmbm ~pm mhaixm ~m A`pjkae P}bfwj)

    i Gm p}jpam :11; dfigladx}l hmwaim mwahmix) H}~j i}empfjtm dafdiapa aixpm ~fla am a tm~jpjxa xa, tflhjxm d} efp a a piaxa i je`mlm xj`mpm, }iax a jlm jpejxma tp`m jxjd tjx}l ^pmcjz, dfitahmpjx dj gaaih }i jh~ftx jl Jpejxma hm Mla`mpjpm j Cftfwf) Ai ejpxam :11; j~jpm ~paejpmzfl} am j Dfitala}l}a hm Tmd}paxjxm djpm ae~}im A}bftljwama }i me`jpbf jt}~pj jpemlfp dj f dfitmdai hapmdx gj hm mwmiaemixmlm hai Cftfwf) Xfx ai 1; tm kfxjp xm a ae~ladjpmj gfp mlfp IJXF i pmtxj`alapmj ~daa ajp i }pej }i}a jdfph hm idmxjpm j gfd}l}a ~pxalm jheax dj 0>>> hm f`tmpwjxfpa FTDM tj gam xpaeata ai zfij ~mixp} j t}~pjwmbkmj j~ladjpmj jdmtx}aj)

    Ae~ladjpmj IJXF ai dfigladx}l hai Cftfwf

    ^lji}l hm j gflfta gfp mlm IJXF hpm~x aitxp}emix hm ~jdagadjpm j `mlabmpji alfp j j~p}x hpm~x waj`al lj o}exjxmj ji}l}a :11;) Ai a}iam :11; ~pmtmhaixmlm Txjxmlfp ]iaxm t%j jibjojx t j~mpmCftfwf ta t ae~ladm dkajp gfp mlm jpejxm jempadjim hjdj jp ga djz}l) Lj td}px xae~, Ejpmj @paxjiam t%j pjlajx T]J ai j dfihjeij b}wmpi}l hm lj @mlbpjih, je`mlm aia aaih f ~pf~}impm hm pmzfl} am j Dfitala}l}a hm Tmd}paxjxm) ]ia}imj M}pf~mjij t%j hmdljpjx ime}l }eax hm mwfl} aj dfigladx}l}a, Pf ai Dffc +Eaiatxp} hm M{xmpim jl Ejpaa @paxjiaa djpm hm aimj lj jdmj hjxj dfih}dmpmj Dfe}iaxjxaa! jgapeih dj i} wj ~mpeaxm ij xmpmj }ima Jgpada hm T}h lj ~fp alm ]ia}iaa M}pf~mim) Ai td}px xae~, txjxmlm eme`pm jlm IJXF j} jhf~xjx ~fza aa taealjpm)

    Ai ~l}t gj hm jdmtxm dffphfijxm, eja m{atx a }ij ~takflfbad? dfigladx}l hai Cftfwf j m{~lfhjx gfjpxm d}pih h}~ pmljxawj djlejpm j pjz`fa}l}a hai @ftiaj, }ihm IJXF j gftx hmtmfpajd}zjx hm ae~ladjpm ait}gadamix) Pmlmwji j mtxm dkajp jgapejxaj l}a Kfl pffcm "Cftfwf i} mtxm aid f j hf}j @ftiam")

    ^pf`lmej ai gjxj dpmaj tm jglj IJXF ai jdmjtxj tax}j am mtxm jdmmj dj ~mixp} j aixmpwmia jpejx ai Cftfwf wj ga imwfax tj ml}hmzm djhp}l lmbatljxaw) Xpjxjx}l hm lj Rjtkaibxfi ~pmwmhm jd a}imj jpejx hfjp ai laeaxmlm Djpxma Ij a}ialfp ]iaxm a hfjp ai tdf~}pa hmgmitawm)

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    Jpxadfl}l = jl Xpjxjx}l}a ~pmwmhm jd a}imj i djz}l i djpm xmpaxfpa}l }imaj haixpm jpalm eme`pm mtxm jemiai jx & jxjdjx, i laeaxmlm jpxadfl}l}a =: jl Djpxma, ajp Jpxadfl}l 7 hmtdpam m{jdx xa~}palm hm jemiai jpm & jxjd lj djpm Jlaji j ~fjxm pjt~}ihm i wapx}xmj jpxadfl}l}a =)

    Iada }ij haixpm dfiha aalm ~pmwjz}xm i Xpjxjx i} j} gftx ihm~laiaxm) i ~l}t i} m{atx iada f

    pmzfl} am j Dfitala}l}a hm Tmd}paxjxm djpm tj emi afimzm i efh ae~ladax tj} m{~ladax ~fta`alaxjxmj }xalazpaa gfp ma ~mixp} j pmzflwj jdmtx dfigladx) Hmjlxgml jp ga j~pfj~m ae~fta`al t tm f`xai f pmzfl} am ai djpm IJXF tj gam ejihjxjxj tj aixmpwaij jpejx ai A}bftljwaj jwjih ai wmhmpm dfiha aalm ~flaxadm) Ai jdmtx tmit mtxm }tfp hm jeaixax gj~x}l d Dkaij t%j j` ai}x i efemix}l jhf~xpaa Pmzfl} xama ::7> j Dfitala}l}a hm Tmd}paxjxm, pmzfl} am ai djpm mpj emixafijx hfjp ae~}impmj }i}a me`jpbf jt}~pj jpejemix}l}a @mlbpjh}l}a) Lj gml, jwjih aiwmhmpm ~fzaxaj P}tama gj hm dfigladx mtxm ae~fta`al hm dpmz}x d P}taj i%jp `lfdj f jtxgml hm aiaxaj awj i Dfitala}l hm Tmd}paxjxm)

    Lj xfjxm jdmtxmj tm eja jhj}b a pmdmix}l "Dfidm~x Txpjxmbad" jl Jlaji ma jhf~xjx lj Pfej ai :11:, gfihjx ~m f ahmm ~jdagatxj, fblaihaih pmlj{jpmj hjxj hm tgjptax}l}a pjz`fa}l}a pmdm) Dfidm~x}l~pmwmhm }i pfl dpmtd}x ~mixp} dff~mpjpm ta hajlfb, ta ~pmwmhm dj tjpdaia ~paefphajlm jlm Jlajixma"jtab}pjpmj SU `jzmlfp aihat~mitj`alm }i}a dlaejx txj`al hm tmd}paxjxm ai M}pf~j SU ai djpm iadaf jp i} jp ga i et}p t pmd}pb lj aixaeahjpm tj} dfmpda am ae~fxpawj }i}a txjx m}pf~mji, fpadjpm jp ga ml")

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