151111 project progress update (matthieu van der heijden)

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Sustainability Impact of New Technology on After-sales Service supply chains (SINTAS)November 11, 2015



1. Introduction(new) representatives, students3Matthieu van der HeijdenMike LoerakkerTiedo TingaMarc de SmitNils KnofiusCarla AndelaLaura CordovaValentijn van ZeijderveldGino BalistreriJeroen van der WelRob BastenJasper de GraafBram WesterweelArno BrinkmanJohnny PeetersPeter VinkKaveh AlizadehChristian NorbergVincent van Vliet

Recruitment of researchers (all positions filled)WP1: Laura Crdova Gonzlez (November, 2015)WP2: Bram Westerweel (February, 2015)WP3: Nils Knofius (November, 2014)BETA educational plans in execution (Nils, Bram)Working paper presented at the ISIR Summer School on the selection framework (August 2015, Hamburg; Nils Knofius)First models under construction (see presentations Bram and Nils)

2. Activities in the past half yearPhD Research4


Quick scans at Army, Fokker Services, Thales: CompletedQuick scan at Airforce / NLR (student Windesheim, supervised by Carla Andela) + 2 BSc students UT: OngoingMSc project on 3D printing for after sales service supply chains by Rodger Abbink (TU/e): CompletedFollow-up MSc project defined at Fokker services on obsolescence problems in the end-of-life phase (Jorn Jansman, TU/e): Starting in February 2016 Follow-up MSc project on part consolidation at Thales: in preparationFollow-up at the Army is in discussionRelated project at Additive Industries (TU/e): To be started

2. Activities in the past half yearStudent activities5

Presentation of selection framework at ISIR Summer school, Hamburg, August 2015 (Knofius)Presentation at SLF Summit, November 5, 2015, Rotterdam (vd Heijden)Interest in Quick scan by Damen Shipyard, IBM, RicohVisit Norwegian Defence Research Establishment: TodayPresentation (and tour) on the influence of AM on SCM by Daan Kersten, part of a meeting of the TU/e (September 16, 2015)

2. Activities in the past half yearExternal Meetings / presentations6

NATO specialist meeting on Additive Manufacturing for Military Hardware: Talinn, april 2016; Andela, Tinga, KnofiusPresentation at Odette conference on automotive logistics and IT (nov. 30 dec. 1, 2015, Munich; Knofius)Poster presentation at BETA/TRAIL congress (Nov. 17, 2015)Presentation at Maintenance Research Day, Feb. 2016

2. Activities in the past half yearExternal Meetings / presentations, Planned7

Progress report M1-M6 2015: Complete and submittedTime registration: Equipment and materialsSupervision/contact studentsAttending/organizing meetingsNote: wage costs with a max. hourly rate 100

2. Activities in the past half yearOther8NLR 40.000Fokker Services 25.000Thales Nederland 25.000Ministry of Defense 25.000Additive Industries 10.000

3. Progress WP-1-2-3



10Research questions:1a. What parts can be produced with 3D printing ?shape, size, complexity, material: both metal and plastics (?)1b. What quality can be achieved ?shape tolerance, mechanical properties2a. What is the reliability and durability of typical printed parts ?fatigue, wear, corrosion2b. How sensitive are the printed part properties for environmental conditions, operator skills ?3. How can the effect of AM technology on the selection of an optimal maintenance policy be incorporated and how can its impact be quantified?


11PhD student starts Nov 15 Laura Cordova Gonzalez

Student projectsPaula Guedes (internship UT) parts repair using AM

Niels Vluttert / Stefan Smit (BSc UT) effect of moisture / layer thickness

Planned activities

12Laura Cordova

Research question 1Literature study + discussion NLR / Additive IndustriesWhat parts can be produced ?What quality can be achieved ?

Discuss with other companiesWhat properties are important ?Relate to quick scans

Identify white spots

13Research question 2From RQ1 + discussion with companiesWhat are important properties for reliability / durability ?fatigue, wear, corrosion

Literature study + discussion NLR / Additive IndustriesWhat is the achievable level of reliability / durability of typical printed parts ?How are these properties affected by process parameters ?How sensitive are the printed part properties for environmental conditions, operator skills ?

provides insight in what is known / unknown !

Experimental work

14Set-up experiments to find unknown relationsDefine part shape / complexity / material / settings with NLR / AIDefine test matrixWhich properties to test / which variations to consider ?

Partly covered by BSc projects Vluttert / SmitEffect of moisture in powder on mechanical properties of partsEffect of layer thickness on mechanical properties of parts

Application to maintenance

15Set-up models to provide decision supportHow does maintenance decision change if AM is usedShorter life time other replacement intervals ?Is repair possible ?Use printed parts only to cover lead time of original parts ?Close link with WP2 / 3

Application in number of case studies / demonstrators of companies

Effect of moistureNiels vluttert16How does moisture in powder affect the quality / properties ?Related to storage conditions of the powderResearch proposal has been finished limited literature !

Topics to be coveredHow can the amount of moisture in the metal powder be determined?How much moisture can be absorbed by the metal powder?Is the amount of time the moisture is in the powder important?What criteria are important for the printed part and how can they be tested ?What are the differences in properties between the different printed parts?How can the metal powder be made ready for production, should there be moisture in the powder?

Effect of layer thicknessStefan smit17How does the layer thickness affect the quality / properties ?Balance between production time quality

Experience / guidelines for various materials

Effect of layer thickness (2)Stefan smit18Topics to be covered:What are the limits for the layer thickness?Set the range to be investigatedWhat criteria are important for the printed part?How can they be tested ?What are the differences in properties between the different printed parts?

3. Progress WP-2


3. Progress WP-3


4. Coffee / Tea


5. Introduction Fokker Services + Guided tour through Warehouse


6. 3D printing at the Norwegian defence


MSc projects: 8 months (WP-1) or half a year (WP-2, WP-3)

Shorter projects:WP-1: Internship (3 months)WP-2: BSc (7-14 weeks work load, typically part time)WP-3: BSc (10 weeks, typically full-time)

Recruitment of students based on concise project desciptions / research questions

7. Follow-upDefinition of new BSc/MSc projects24

student projectproject student

Possibilities for third parties to join meetingsRelated research projects (researchers)Related MSc / BSc projects (e.g. quick scan at other companies; attendance of student + company advisor?)Industry / consultancy

Primary contact person at Army

Next meetingTiming: June 2015Location?

7. Follow-up


Any other matter?


And nowInformal dinner

27Restaurant Gusto Hotel NH Amsterdam Schiphol AirportKruisweg 495, Hoofddorp

(within walking distance)