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TERHAD

KERTAS PENERANGAN

BAHASA INGGERIS 1

TERHAD

Cetakan Kedua Mac 2011 Institusi Latihan Jabatan Tenaga Manusia http ://www.jtm.gov.my/kurikulum

Hak Cipta Terpelihara. Dokumen ini diklasifikasikan sebagai TERHAD. Tidak dibenarkan mengeluar mana-mana bahagian dalam kandungan Bahan Pembelajaran Bertulis (WIM) dalam apa jua bentuk tanpa keizinan daripada Jabatan Tenaga Manusia (JTM).

Bahan Pembelajaran SEMESTER SATU ini dibangunkan bagi kursus sepenuh masa di Institusi Latihan Jabatan Tenaga Manusia (ILJTM) oleh Ahli Jawatankuasa

Pembangunan WIM dan disemak serta diluluskan oleh Jawatankuasa Pemandu Kurikulum untuk tujuan gunapakai bagi semua ILJTM yang terlibat.

Kod Pengesahan WIM Kod Pengesahan Silibus Tarikh Pengesahan WIM

: WIM/BI1051/12011/S01/P1 : SFB/BI1051/12009/P1 : 11 Mac 2011

KANDUNGANSENARAI AHLI JAWATANKUASA PEMBANGUNAN WIM ................................................ i SENARAI SINGKATAN ..................................................................................................... ii KERTAS PENERANGAN MODUL ....................................................................................1 BI 1051 BAHASA INGGERIS 1 .....................................................................................1 GROUP CLUSTERING MODULE 1 ..............................................................................2 LE1 ELEMENTS OF GRAMMAR AND GRAMMATICAL STRUCTURES....3 LE 2 READING CONTEXT-AREA TEXT..35

SENARAI AHLI JAWATANKUASA PEMBANGUNAN WIMKLUSTER SUBJEK UMUM - BAHASA INGGERIS 1

Ahli Jawatankuasa : 1. 2. 3. 4. Ainin Nisak Binti Ahmad Asnawi (Pengerusi Kluster Subjek Umum) Nikmat Bin Mohamad (Penolong Pengerusi Kluster Subjek Umum) Irene Lau Chieng Chieng (Ketua Penyelaras) Ng Siew Kuan (Penolong Ketua Penyelaras) 5. Subesh a/l Raman ADTEC Kulim ADTEC Shah Alam ADTEC Kulim ILP Kuala Lumpur ILP Kuantan

Urusetia : 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Pn. Norpisah binti Jumin En. Norhasni bin Dakie Cik Norida binti Othman Cik Sazurani binti Abdul Zabil En. Ismail bin Mohd Taha BKT, Ibu Pejabat BKT, Ibu Pejabat BKT, Ibu Pejabat BKT, Ibu Pejabat BKT, Ibu Pejabat

Tarikh dibangunkan Tempat

: :

10 14 Mei 2010 ADTEC Taiping, Perak

i

SENARAI SINGKATANIS WS AS INFORMATION SHEET WORK SHEET ASSIGNMENT SHEET

KOD KURSUS SEMESTER NO. SUBJEK KREDIT NO. LE JENIS WIM

BI 1 05 1 LE1 IS

ii

KERTAS PENERANGAN MODULBI 1051 BAHASA INGGERIS 1

GROUP CLUSTERING MODULE 1BI 1051 LE1 ELEMENTS OF GRAMMAR AND.GRAMMATICAL STRUCTURES 1. 1 Nouns 1. 2 Verbs 1. 3 Tenses 1.4 Question Forms 1.5 Agreement 1.6 Vocabulary 1.6.1 Definition of Words 1.6.2 Pronunciation 1.6.3 Language Usage BI 1051 LE 2 READING CONTEXT-AREA TEXT 2.1 Comprehension 2.2 Terminology 2.3 Contextual Meanings

MUKASURAT 2

INSTITUSI LATIHAN JABATAN TENAGA MANUSIA KEMENTERIAN SUMBER MANUSIA MALAYSIA

INFORMATION SHEETCLUSTER NAME NUMBER AND TITLE OF MODULE LEARNING EXPERIENCE NO. OF RELATED TASK GENERAL SUBJECT SEMESTER 1 BI 1051 ENGLISH LANGUAGE I LE1. ELEMENTS OF GRAMMAR AND GRAMMATICAL STRUCTURES NOUNS VERBS TENSES QUESTION FORMS AGREEMENT VOCABULARY

1. 1 1. 2 1. 3 1. 4 1. 5 1. 6

BY THE END OF THE LESSON, STUDENTS SHOULD BE ABLE TO: TERMINAL a. FAMILIARIZE WITH THE GRAMMATICAL ITEMS PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVE (TPO) b. COMPREHEND CONTEXTUAL MEANING OF THE TEXT

ENABLING OBJECTIVE (EO)

BY THE END OF THE LESSON, STUDENTS SHOULD BE ABLE TO FAMILIARIZE THEMSELVES WITH THE GRAMMATICAL ITEMS.

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MUKASURAT 3

1.1 NOUNSINSTRUCTIONAL AIMS:

Nouns are the basic tools for giving names to things and concept. Therefore, learners need to control a large vocabulary of nouns as well as pronouns.

NOUNS - A noun is the name of a person, place, thing, quality, activity, concept, or condition. - Nouns can be classified as follows:

NOUNS

COMMON NOUNS

PROPER NOUNS

ABSTRACT NOUNS

COLLECTIVE NOUNS

Countable Nouns: 1. Singular bottle glass hammer 2. Plural bottles glasses hammers Uncountable Nouns money sugar water

People Encik Karim Lee Mei Selvi Places Kuala Lumpur Thailand Months/Days January Sunday

Qualities patience success Emotions happiness pain Actions consideration co-operation Conditions peace freedom

an army of soldiers a band of musicians a swarm of bees a set of tools a bunch of grapes

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a.

COMMON NOUNS General and not specific nouns. E.g.: i. Caffeine, heavily consumed in coffee, tea and some soft drinks. ii. The earth receives the same amount of energy from the sun. We use a and an for singular countable nouns. We use some, many, more, several, a lot of for plural countable nouns. The uncountable noun does not have a plural form. We use singular verbs for all uncountable nouns. Irregular Plurals is nouns that can change their vowels, remain unchanged or take an en or ren ending if the number is more than one. E.g.: goose ox child geese oxen children

b.

PROPER NOUNS Represents the name of a specific person, place or thing. Begin with capital letter. E.g.: i. Caffeine, heavily consumed in coffee, tea and some soft drinks. ii. Abraham Lincoln is known throughout the world for his humanity.

c.

ABSTRACT NOUNS Abstract nouns are things that we cannot see or touch but can feel and think about. Names of special qualities, emotions, actions or conditions. It is used to refer to feelings, concepts, ideas, states of mind. E.g.: love, joy, music, happiness

d.

COLLECTIVE NOUNS Is a noun naming a group of things, animals or persons to one noun. Some of the most common collective nouns are: army, audience, band, committee, couple, flock, group, jury, majority, and team. These nouns may be treated as singulars or plurals. E.g.: i. The army is advancing slowly. ( The entire army as a unit) ii. The audience are leaving their seats now. (The members of the audience are thought of as individuals.)

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MUKASURAT 5

1.1.2

PRONOUNS

A pronoun is a word or words used in place of a noun, a noun and its modifiers, or another pronoun. The element replaced is called the antecedent of the pronoun.PRONOUNS used to replace the name of the subject and object a. PERSONAL PRONOUNS

in a sentence Subject: I, you, he, she, it, we they Object: me, you, him, her, it, us, them used to replace the name of the owner of Something

b. POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS

singular Owner Possessive pronouns I, you, he, she, it Mine, yours, his, hers,

plural We, you, they Ours, yours, theirs

c. INTERROGATIVE PRONOUNS

used to ask questions: who? whom? Whose? What? Which? used when joining two sentences together who, whom, whose, which , that used to point things: this, these, that, thoseSingular Myself Yourself Himself Herself itself Singular Myself Yourself Himself Herself itself Plural Ourselves Yourselves Themselves Themselves Themselves Plural Ourselves Yourselves Themselves Themselves Themselves

d. RELATIVE PRONOUNS

e. DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS

f. EMPHATIC PRONOUNS

used to say something strongly, that is with force or emphasis.

g. REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS

used to show that the action of the verb refers back to the doer

h. INDEFINITE PRONOUNS

used to point out any special or particular person or things: somebody, anybody, someone, nobody, all, no one, any etc

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a.

Personal Pronouns 1. Used as the subject of the sentence singular I You He, she ,it plural We You They

First person Second person Third person

2. Used as the object of the sentence singular me you him, her, it plural us you them

First person Second person Third person

Examples: Singular i. I know I forgot to mention it. ii. You are my daughter. iii. I gave it to her. Plural i. We came here first. ii. They sent it to us. iii. We like them. b. Possessive Pronouns Pronouns which tell us to whom some things belongs, or which show ownership or possession. Answer the question Whose?PERSONEL PRONOUN I YOU HE SHE IT WE THEY POSSESSIVE PRONOUN MY , MINE YOUR, YOURS HIS HER, HERS ITS OUR, OURS THEIR, THEIRS

E.g:

i. ii.

This computer is mine. This house is ours. We bought it from developer.

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MUKASURAT 7

c.

Interrogative Pronouns are used to ask questions. Who, which, what, whose, of which, of what, to whom, to which, to what, whom E.g.: i. ii. iii. iv v Who is that man ? Of which to pick ? To what shall I send the money ? Whom have you sent? To whom shall I speak ?

d.

Relative Pronouns It takes the place of a noun or pronoun, and it joins two sentences. Who, which, what, that, as, but and etc E.g.: i. ii. iii. Bob, who is often late, gets scolded. He had two brothers, of which one is still little He prefers not to see such animals as the ones at the Zoo.

e.

Demonstrative Pronouns Are used to point an object or a person. This, That, These, Thoseetc. E.g : i. ii iii iv This screwdriver is mine. That is my toolbox. These are my hammers. Those are my nails.

f.

Emphatic Pronouns are like reflexive pronouns in form. They are used to say some things strongly, that is with force or emphasis. E.g: i ii. iii iv I myself did it. You yourself must learn to be obedient. They themselves collected the wood. We ourselves did the job.

g.

Reflexive Pronouns A pronoun which shows that a person has done, or is doing something to himself. It