UNREAL PAST & ARTICLES

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UNREAL PAST & ARTICLES. MARIJA KRZNARI. THE UNREAL PAST - is used after the expressions :. with the PAST TENSE for something unreal or wished-for NOW : This room smells terrible. If only he didnt smoke ! I wish Tom was/were here, he would know what to do. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • UNREAL PAST

    &

    ARTICLES

    MARIJA KRZNARI*

  • *THE UNREAL PAST - is used after the expressions:

    with the PAST TENSE for something unreal or wished-for NOW:

    This room smells terrible. If only he didnt smoke!I wish Tom was/were here, he would know what to do.Imagine you won a lottery, what would you buy first?

    with the PAST PERFECT for something wished for or supposed IN THE PAST:

    I wish you had told me about the trip to London. I would have come with you.If only he had admitted the truth, he wouldnt have been grounded. Mary refused to work in the bank, but her parents wish she had accepted it.

    CroatianCroatianI wishsupposeif onlyits (high) timeas ifId ratherwould to Godimagine

  • *SUPPLY THE CORRECT TENSE OF THE VERBS IN BRACKETS AND TRANSLATE:1. I wish I (know) his phone number! Id send him an SMS an once.

    2. Midnight has passed, it's time we all (go) home.

    3. I dont want to argue any more. I'd rather you (go) away now.

    4. You look like a bum. It's about time you (get) your hair cut!

    5. Look, your Mum is angry. Don't you wish we (come) earlier? 6. Suppose I (get) there late! Will Dad be angry?

    7. Look at him, he acts as if he (know) English perfectly.

    8. A wife to a drunken husband: Would to God you (be) a better husband to me!

    9. A widow: Would to God you (be) a better husband to me!

    10. I cant breath, look at him! If only he (not, eat) so much garlic! knewwentwenthad comegotgotknewwerehad beendidnt eat

  • *

    11. If only my husband (not, eat) so much garlic last night! I had to sleep in the living room.

    12. I wish I (know) his address when I was in London. I would have visited him.

    13. Imagine you (get) a car for your 18th birthday. What would you do?

    14. It's about time I (get) the sandwiches ready, the guests (come) in 15 minutes. 16. I'd rather you (pay) me now. Suppose my landlord (ask) me for the money tomorrow!

    17. If only he (not, tell) her the bad news! I am sure she (not, have) a heart attack.

    18. It's high time you (go) on a diet! You are as fat as a pig.

    19. Yesterday I (feel) as if my head (be) on fire.

    hadnt eatenhad knowngotgotare comingpaidaskedhadnt toldwouldnt have hadwentfelthad been

  • *20. Why (you, look) so unhappy?My girlfriend (tell) me she (wish) she (never, see) me.

    21. If only he (tell) you the whole story! You'd know now what to do.

    22. Why (you, be) so pale? I (see) a terrible accident.That's why you look as if you (can) do with a drink.

    23. I'd rather you (give) me a new VCR instead of having it repaired as you did.

    24. My wife says she wishes I (be) a thousand miles away; indeed, I wish I (be) .

    25. If only I (know) it earlier, I'd have sent you a telegram.

    26. I am so sorry, Mother. I wish I (not, break) your favourite tea pot.

    27. He came in, looking as if he (see) a ghost.are you lookingtoldwishedhad never seenhad toldare youhave seencouldgave/had givenwerewerehad knownhadnt brokenhad seen

  • *TRANSLATE THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES: 1. Daj Boe da poloim sve ispite u ljetnom ispitnom roku.

    2. Brzo se spremi, ako odmah ne krenemo, zakasnit emo, a ako zakasnimo, tvoja nam mama nikada nee oprostiti.

    3. Ovdje nitko ne govori engleski. Da je bar Lily s nama. Da je ovdje, mogla bi biti na prevoditelj.

    4. Da si mi pomogao seliti, odveo bih te na veeru i u kino. Kad sam te zamolio, rekao si da nema vremena, ali ako mi sutra pomogne seliti, .Znam, znam, odvest e me na veeru i u kino.

    5. Da mi pomogne seliti, odveo bih te na veeru i u kino.

    6. Tinin vlak je stigao ranije. Da sam bar odluio otii na stanicu odmah nakon posla, ona ne bi ekala vie od pola sata prije nego to sam ja doao.

    7. Da imam novaca, kupio bih onaj novi Mercedes kojega smo vidjeli juer na Auto showu. Zamisli da doem na faks u tom autu! Daj se smiri, nemoe si priutiti ni rabljeni auto.

  • *8. Prestani me pitati to ti je mama kupila za roendan. ak i da znam, ne bih ti rekao.

    9. Mary mrzi televiziju. Misli da je televizija gubljenje vremena. Ako uope i gleda televiziju, to je obino neki dokumentarac ili vijesti.

    10. Ja volim putovati. Pretpostavimo da odem na safari u Keniju. Prestani sanjati. Prvo mora diplomirati, nai dobar posao, a ako bude imao dobru plau, tek onda poni razmiljati o Keniji.

    11. Krajnje je vrijeme da poloi taj zadnji ispit. Ako ne diplomira do ljeta, onaj posao u banci te nee ekati.

    12. Nitko ne voli Billa. Ponaa se kao da je najpametniji i najbolji student.

    13. Da sam bar posluao brata kad mi je rekao da ne kupim taj laserski printer. Radi dobre kopije, ali je toner strano skup.

  • *ARTICLES

    The correct use of the articles (a /an and the) is one of the most difficult points in English grammar. Fortunately, however, most mistakes in the use of the articles do not matter too much. Even if we leave all the articles out of a sentence, it is usually possible to understand it:

    Please can you lend me pound of butter till end of week?

    the correct sentence is:

    Please can you lend me a pound of butter till the end of the week?

    So, lets mention here only the most important rules it is obviously better to use the articles correctly if possible.

  • *THE INDEFINITE ARTICLE

    - is used with singular countable nouns (a cat,an apple), but not with plurals:

    We live in a small house.Ive got an idea.Im afraid of spiders.She always wears blue trousers.He is an engineer.

    is used with some numerical expressions: a dozen, a hundred, a lot of, a great many of

    is used with speed, ratio etc: sixty miles an hour, four times a day

    is used in exclamations: What a nice day!What a pretty girl!

    is used with Mr./Mrs./Miss + surname/last name means an unknown person:

    A Mr. Smith is at the door, he wants to speak to you.

  • *THE INDEFINITE ARTICLE- is not used with uncountable mass nouns: tea, milk, grass, glass, iron, stone, paper, wood,I always drink tea with milk.This house is made of stone.but some or a little may be used with them:

    Give me some milk, please.

    remember: Some of these nouns may become countable, but then they change their meaning:a glass of wateran electric iron

    is not used with abstract nouns such as: truth, happiness, beauty, life, workWork is better than laziness.

    is not used with few and little meaning not enough:

    I have few friends in London and I always feel very lonely.I have little money to spare for discos and girls, I need all the money I have to live.

  • * is not used with some nouns which are usually uncountable in English, for instance:

    My parents are in very good health.Can you give me some advice?We are having terrible weather this summer.Pablo speaks very good English.

    accommodationinformationresearchadviceknowledgerubbishbaggagelightningslangbreadluckspaghettichessluggagethunderchewing gummoneytrafficequipmentnewstravelEnglishpermissionvocabularyfurniturepoetryweatherhairprogressworkhealthpublicity

  • *THE DEFINITE ARTICLE is used with nouns already mentioned or spoken about:

    There is a man at the door. The man wants to see Mr. Brown.Once upon a time there was a little boy. The boy grew up and .

    is used when it means the particular one or the only one:

    This is the book that I promised to lend you.The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.

    is used with last names in plural meaning the whole family:

    The Smiths always spend their summer holiday at the seaside.

    - is used with superlatives:

    Zagreb is the biggest town in Croatia.Jenny always buys the most expensive things.

    - is used with the names of seas and rivers and mountain ranges, island groups and names of countries which contain a common noun, large areas of the world:

  • *the Adriatic Sea the Thames the West Indiesthe Alps the United States of America the Federal German Republicthe Middle East

    is used with the names of ships, most names of buildings:

    The Titanic sank with 1500 passengers after striking an iceberg.Thousands of tourists visit the Taj Mahal every year.

    is used with the names of musical instruments:

    Peters brother plays the piano.

    THE DEFINITE ARTICLE

    is not used with the names of countries, towns, streets, names, continents, languages:

    Peter is going to England to buy a house in London.They all speak both English and Spanish.

    is not used with the names of sports:

    All my friends play football but I play chess.

  • *SPECIAL RULES AND EXCEPTIONSIn a number of common expressions, an article is dropped after a preposition:TO / AT / FROM school IN / TO class AT / FROM homeTO / AT / FROM / university / college TO / AT sea ON foot to go TO sleep TO / IN / INTO / FROM churchTO / IN / INTO / OUT / OF prison / hospital / bed TO / IN / FROM town TO / AT / FROM work FOR breakfast AT lunch TO dinner AT night BY car / bus / bicycle / plane / train / tube / boat In American English, IN school / university / college are more common than AT school.

    When the above expressions are used with articles, they have special meanings:

    Hes in prison. (as a prisoner)Hes in the prison. (as a visitor)

    When wit