the unreal past and wish

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  • 1. The Unreal Pastand Wish

2. What happens to a condition when it moves into the past?
3. 1). The conditionwas verified
4. 2). We dont know if the conditionwas verified
5. 3). The conditionwasnt verified
6. If you do your homework,
youll be able to do this exercise.
7. 1). The condition was verified
If you do your homework,
youll be able to do this exercise.
8. 1). The condition was verified
You did your homework, and
you were able to do that exercise.
9. 1). The condition was verified
You did your homework, and
you were able to do that exercise, or
now you are able to do it.
10. 2). We dont know if the condition was verified
If you do your homework,
youll be able to do this exercise.
11. 2). We dont know if the condition was verified
If you have done your homework,
youll be able to do this exercise.
12. 3). The condition wasnt verified
If you do your homework,
youll be able to do this exercise.
13. 3). The condition wasnt verified
If you had done your homework,
you wouldhavebeen able to do that exercise.
14. this form is called the 3rd conditional
it describes the unreal past
15. 16. 17. 18. 19. theunreal past
works like this
20. 21. 22. 23. 24. create unreal past sentences from these:
I wasnt at home.
I wanted to go with them.
We didnt have her address.
She didnt speak perfect Spanish.
You werent listening to me.
I knew the answer.
He had to work hard.
You were there.
He wasnt there.
This class was supremely intelligent.
I didnt pay attention to the other cars.
She didnt see her friend.
It was Monday.
I didnt come to university by scooter.
25. what about wish?
26. 3 possible constructions:
27. I wish it were Friday.
28. I wish I had known about the party.
29. I wish my neighbours would shut up.
30. 31. 32. compare
33. I hope my neighbours (will) shut up.
I want them to shut up maybe they will.
34. I wish my neighbours would shut up.
I want them to shut up but I expect that theyll continue to make a noise.
35. I wish my neighbours would shut up.
?
36. what is the present situation?
37. My neighbours wont shut up.
wont = they dont want to shut up
38. 39. I wish my neighbours would shut up.
would is the past subjunctive of will
IT IS NOT the conditional!
40. summary
41. 42. NB dont confuse
the conditional sentences
(or the conditionals)
ie. sentences with If A; B
with
the conditional (tense)
eg. I would/could/should/might go
43. notice the symmetry in the constructions