tropical rainforests a guide to understanding rainforests

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  • Slide 1
  • Tropical Rainforests A Guide to Understanding Rainforests
  • Slide 2
  • Rainforest Basics 3 locations: Latin America, Western Equatorial Africa, South- East Asia Forest containing thousands of different species Fungi, plants, trees, animals Has been evolving over millions of years Extreme diversity among all species Hot and humid climate year round, consists of rain and sunlight Deforestation is a major concern for rainforests survival (IMAX-Presents)
  • Slide 3
  • Vertical Structure of the Rainforest Ground Level Forest floor, little growth and minute amount of light Location of extreme decomposition Understory Layer of lower canopy, varied levels of leaves and branches Canopy Ceiling of tree branches and leaves, largest amount of vegetation Function: conversion of sunlight to energy through photosynthesis Overstory Highest level of the rainforest, consists of trees 20 100 ft above the canopy layer (Pantas) http://www.monteverdeinfo.com/canopy/canopy-tour- costa-rica.jpg
  • Slide 4
  • Deforestation The act of cutting down trees for personal benefits Major motivation is for economic purposes Has a global impact on species, loss of ecosystems, loss of renewable resources, and reduction of carbon sinks (Butler) Many federal governments have stepped in to help stop (Preventing Pillage) http://rainforests.mongabay.com/0901.htm
  • Slide 5
  • TREES- Five Basic Steps to Saving Rainforests TEACH others about the environment, why it is important, and what they can do to help save the rainforests. RESTORE the damaged ecosystems by helping replant trees on land previously cut down. ENCOURAGE others to live without harming the rainforest and environment ESTABLISH parks to protect rainforests and wildlife SUPPORT companies and organizations that have made a pledge to help minimize damaging effects to the environment (Butler)
  • Slide 6
  • Animals of the Rainforest Consists of up to 50 million species (Pantas) Over 50% of the worlds species live in the rainforest When deforestation occurs, animals are forced to either migrate or they die Animals have special adaptations that enable them to live in the extreme climate Ex. Parrots, orangutans, ocelots, lemurs, gorillas, etc. http://www.duke.edu/web/nicholas/bio217/jmz28/parrots. jpg http://www.yesnet.yk.ca/schools/wes/webquests_themes/animals/r ainforest_animals/images/ocelot.jpg (Rainforest)
  • Slide 7
  • Conservation Efforts Ecotourism Enables locals to raise money themselves by entrance fees, creating tourism jobs, utilizing accommodations and amenities by locals Bio-prospecting fees Giving scientists and other countries the right to use native plants and species for their own benefit without any harm, scientists and countries will give country money for compensation Corporate sponsorships Enabling companies and individuals to adopt parks (Butler)
  • Slide 8
  • References Butler, Rhett A. How to Save Tropical Rainforests - Introduction. Mongabay.com / A Place Out of Time: Tropical Rainforests and the Perils They Face. 9 January 2006. http://rainforests.mongabay.com/1001.htm. IMAX Presents - Tropical Rainforest. Dir. Ben Shedd. Perf. Geoffrey Holder. Vista Point Ent, 1992. Film. Pantas, Lee James. "About Rain Forests." Liza's Reef -Coral Reef Art. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Nov. 2009. "Preventing pillage in the rainforest." Economist 390.8620 (2009): 39. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web. 16 Nov. 2009. "Rainforest." Rainforest Animals. The Animal Spot, n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2009..