The Stone Age Old Stone Age Paleolithic Age 2,500,000 to 8000 BCE Made stone chopping tools Hunter-gatherers Humans migrated across the globe End of the

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<ul><li><p>The Stone Age</p></li><li><p>Neolithic Village: Skara Brae in Scotland</p></li><li><p>Agriculture Around the World</p></li><li><p>Think: What could be some of the consequences of farming? </p></li><li><p>What are some of the consequences of farming?Pros ConsProduced more food and required less land than huntingMore people were able to build permanent settlementsProvided new sources of material for clothing Planting crops and herding animals took a great deal of timeFarming was uncertain. If crops failed, families could starveNomads sometimes attacked villages to steal food.Clearing areas for farming could lead to deforestation, clearing an area of trees</p></li><li><p>The Effects of Farming</p></li><li><p>CatalhoyukOne of the worlds very first permanent settlementsPopulated more than 8,000 years agoLocated in what is now TurkeyPopulation of approximately 6,500 people1,000 dwellings crammed togetherNo need for complex governmentNo streets people climbed out through ladders in their ceilingsSupported by agriculture and animal domesticationBarley, peas, wheatCattle, sheepFamous because it is so well-preserved</p><p>Trivia: The oldest-known village in the world existed in Jericho (in modern-day Israel) in 9000 BCE.:</p></li><li><p>CatalhoyukTypical Catal Huyuk interior (restoration).Mother goddess from Catal Huyuk.Wall mural of Catal Huyuk.</p></li><li><p>What would be the pros and cons of living in a settled community?Pros Cons</p></li><li><p>Why Live in a Settled Community?</p><p>Image courtesy of Wikipedia: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/31/Orkney_Skara_Brae.jpg*Images courtesy of Wikipedia: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2c/Catal_H%C3%BCy%C3%BCk_Restauration_B.JPG ; http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7d/Ankara_Muzeum_B19-36.jpg ; http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c2/Museum_of_Anatolian_Civilizations003.jpg*</p></li></ul>