The Stone Ages Paleolithic - Old Stone Age: 2,500,000 B.C. to 8,000 B.C. Neolithic – New Stone Age: 8,000 to 4,000 B.C.

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<ul><li> Slide 1 </li> <li> Slide 2 </li> <li> The Stone Ages Paleolithic - Old Stone Age: 2,500,000 B.C. to 8,000 B.C. Neolithic New Stone Age: 8,000 to 4,000 B.C. </li> <li> Slide 3 </li> <li> Time Periods Prehistory - before writing B.C. &amp; A.D. developed by a monk around A.D. 532 B.C. Before Christ A.D. Anno Domini </li> <li> Slide 4 </li> <li> 1. 4,000,000 BC 1,000,000 BC 2. 1,500,000 BC -- 250,000 BC 3. 250,000 BC 30,000 BC 4. 30,000 BC -- 8,000 BC Paleolithic Age: ( Old Stone Age ) 2,500,000 BC to 8,000 BC Paleolithic Age: ( Old Stone Age ) 2,500,000 BC to 8,000 BC </li> <li> Slide 5 </li> <li> Paleolithic Age The Ice Ages 100,000 to 8,000 B.C. Humans were able to adapt environment through use of fire Land bridges made possible the spread of humans o Japan &amp; Korea o Great Britain &amp; Europe o Malay Peninsula to Australia o Bering Strait </li> <li> Slide 6 </li> <li> Beringia </li> <li> Slide 7 </li> <li> Paleolithic Age Made tools Used lava rocks to cut meat &amp; crack bones Used spears to hunt &amp; fish with Hunting men and gathering women NOMADIC moving from place to place </li> <li> Slide 8 </li> <li> Are we all Africans under the skin???? </li> <li> Slide 9 </li> <li> Paleolithic Age Humans found shelter in caves Cave paintings left behind </li> <li> Slide 10 </li> <li> Human Migration </li> <li> Slide 11 </li> <li> Neolithic Age The Neolithic Revolution dawn of systematic agriculture Neolithic New Stone Age Domesticated Animals dogs, goats, oxen, cattle, pigs, chickens Crops grains, bananas, yams, rice, wheat, barley Rise of villages Jericho &amp; Catal Huyuk (8,000 B.C.) </li> <li> Slide 12 </li> <li> Neolithic Age Technological advances o Agricultural sickle, pottery, plow, fertilizer o Loom for weaving flax &amp; cotton o Artisans made jewelry &amp; weapons </li> <li> Slide 13 </li> <li> The Agricultural Revolution Farming developed independently in different parts of the world Most likely due to climate changes Slash &amp; Burn cut trees and burn to clear a field Middle East India Central America China Southeast Asia 8,000 BC 7,000 BC 6,500 BC 6,000 BC 5,000 BC Middle East India Central America China Southeast Asia 8,000 BC 7,000 BC 6,500 BC 6,000 BC 5,000 BC </li> <li> Slide 14 </li> <li> Slide 15 </li> <li> Slide 16 </li> <li> Slide 17 </li> <li> Slide 18 </li> <li> 4,000,000 BC 1,000,000 BC Hominids : Australopithecines Hominids : Australopithecines any member of the family of two-legged primates that includes all humans. Southern &amp; Eastern Africa 1974: Lucy found in Ethiopia oldest hominid found to date Known as Hominids: first to walk upright (more mobility) walk upright (more mobility) Hominids : Australopithecines Hominids : Australopithecines any member of the family of two-legged primates that includes all humans. Southern &amp; Eastern Africa 1974: Lucy found in Ethiopia oldest hominid found to date Known as Hominids: first to walk upright (more mobility) walk upright (more mobility) </li> <li> Slide 19 </li> <li> HOMO HABILIS (Man of Skills) 2.5 million to 1.5 million B.C. found in East Africa Olduvai Africa Olduvai Gorge Gorge found in East Africa Olduvai Africa Olduvai Gorge Gorge created stone tools. </li> <li> Slide 20 </li> <li> Homo Habilis </li> <li> Slide 21 </li> <li> 1,600,000 BC 30,000 BC HOMO ERECTUS ( Upright Human Being ) HOMO ERECTUS ( Upright Human Being ) Larger and more varied tools --&gt; primitive technology First hominid to migrate and leave Africa for Europe and Asia. First to use fire ( 500,000 BC ) </li> <li> Slide 22 </li> <li> 200,000 BC 8,000 BC HOMO SAPIENS ( Wise Human Being ) Neanderthals ( 200,000 BCE 30,000 BCE ) Cro-Magnons ( 40,000 BCE 10,000 BCE ) </li> <li> Slide 23 </li> <li> Homo Sapiens </li> <li> Slide 24 </li> <li> NEANDERTHALS:NEANDERTHALS: Neander Valley, Germany (1856) Neander Valley, Germany (1856) Europe &amp; SWest Asia 200,000-30,000 B.C. Neander Valley, Germany (1856) Neander Valley, Germany (1856) Europe &amp; SWest Asia 200,000-30,000 B.C. First humans to bury their dead (Religion) First humans to bury their dead (Religion) Made clothes from animal skins. Made clothes from animal skins. Lived in caves and tents. Lived in caves and tents. </li> <li> Slide 25 </li> <li> NEANDERTHALSNEANDERTHALS Early Hut/Tent </li> <li> Slide 26 </li> <li> CRO-MAGNONs: 40,000 to 8,000 B.C. Homo sapiens sapiens ( Wise, wise human ) Homo sapiens sapiens ( Wise, wise human ) Found in Europe Homo sapiens sapiens ( Wise, wise human ) Homo sapiens sapiens ( Wise, wise human ) Found in Europe By 30,000 B.C. they replaced Neanderthals. By 30,000 B.C. they replaced Neanderthals. </li> <li> Slide 27 </li> <li> Cro-Magnons identical to modern humans Spoken language Planned their hunts: studies animal habits &amp; stalked prey animal habits &amp; stalked prey Populations grew faster than Neanderthals Neanderthals Created Art Cro-Magnons identical to modern humans Spoken language Planned their hunts: studies animal habits &amp; stalked prey animal habits &amp; stalked prey Populations grew faster than Neanderthals Neanderthals Created Art </li> <li> Slide 28 </li> <li> Cro-Magnon </li> <li> Slide 29 </li> <li> Video: The Neolithic Ice Man Section 1-2: Humans try to Control Nature </li> <li> Slide 30 </li> <li> Slide 31 </li> <li> Africa: The Nile River Valley wheat, barley Africa: The Nile River Valley wheat, barley China: Huang He (Yellow River) Valley grain (millet), and rice China: Huang He (Yellow River) Valley grain (millet), and rice Mexico &amp; Central America corn, beans, squash Mexico &amp; Central America corn, beans, squash Peru tomatoes, sweet potatoes, white potatoes Peru tomatoes, sweet potatoes, white potatoes </li> <li> Slide 32 </li> <li> 8,000 B.C. Largest Early Settlement at atal Hyk ( Modern Turkey ) 6,000 inhabitants 8,000 B.C. Largest Early Settlement at atal Hyk ( Modern Turkey ) 6,000 inhabitants Division of labor Engaged in trade Organized religion Small military 12 cultivated crops An obsidian dagger </li> <li> Slide 33 </li> <li> atal Hyk </li> <li> Slide 34 </li> <li> Slide 35 </li> <li> Slide 36 </li> <li> Slide 37 </li> <li> AdvancedCities SpecializedWorkers ComplexInstitutions Record-Keeping AdvancedTechnology </li> <li> Slide 38 </li> <li> CENTER OF TRADE VARIETY OF GOODS SKILLS IN A SPECIFIC KIND OF WORK GOVERNMENT, RELIGION, ECONOMY TAX, LAWS, STORAGE OF GRAIN, CALENDAR OF RITUALS PLOWS, IRRIGATION, BRONZE AGE FOR WEAPONS 1. ADVANCED CITIES CENTER OF TRADE VARIETY OF GOODS 2. SPECIALIZED WORKERS SKILLS IN A SPECIFIC KIND OF WORK 3. COMPLEX INSTITUIONS GOVERNMENT, RELIGION, ECONOMY 4. RECORD KEEPING TAX, LAWS, STORAGE OF GRAIN, CALENDAR OF RITUALS 5. ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY PLOWS, IRRIGATION, BRONZE AGE FOR WEAPONS Civilizations </li> <li> Slide 39 </li> <li> Banks of the Euphrates River (Sumer) Banks of the Euphrates River (Sumer) Population 30,000 3000 B.C. Well defined social classes Barter system Ziggurat (Temple) is center of city life Banks of the Euphrates River (Sumer) Banks of the Euphrates River (Sumer) Population 30,000 3000 B.C. Well defined social classes Barter system Ziggurat (Temple) is center of city life </li> <li> Slide 40 </li> <li> Ziggurat at Ur Temple Mountain of the Gods Temple Mountain of the Gods </li> <li> Slide 41 </li> <li> The Course of Empire: The Savage State </li> <li> Slide 42 </li> <li> The Course of Empire: Pastoral State </li> <li> Slide 43 </li> <li> The Course of Empire: The Consummation </li> <li> Slide 44 </li> <li> The Course of Empire: Destruction </li> <li> Slide 45 </li> <li> The Course of Empire: Desolation </li> <li> Slide 46 </li> <li> Resources Susan Pojer: Horace Greely HS NY Pat Helm: Hickory Ridge HS NC Darrell Wells: Hickory Ridge HS - NC </li> </ul>

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