The Impact of Wisconsin 4-H Youth Development Youth Emphasis January 24, 2012 4-H Youth Leadership Skills Community Confidence 4-H Youth Leadership.

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The Impact of Wisconsin 4-H Youth Development

Youth Emphasis January 24, 2012

4-H Youth Leadership1TeamEvaluation Leadership TeamEllen Andrews, Matthew Calvert, Heidi Dusek, Sara Gronski, Debra Ivey, Annie Lisowski, Betsy Olson, Sarah Tarjeson, Ellen Taylor-Powell, Shep Zeldin

UW-River Falls Survey Research CenterShelly Hadley, David TrechterQualitative Data Collection and Analysis TeamEllen Andrews, Matthew Calvert, Heidi Dusek, Barbara Escobar, Sara Gronski, Debra Ivey, Annie Lisowski, Linda Lueder, Kandi O'Neil, Betsy Olson, Denise RetzleffReport PreparationJackie Askins, Matthew Calvert, Ellen Taylor-Powell

2Wisconsin 4-H Youth Leadership SurveySurvey sampled 268 youth grades 6 through college freshmensurvey was distributed by UW-RF Survey Research Center via email to 1,576 randomly selected youthDrawn from 12,942 4-H members statewide + representation of other leadership programsFollow up focus groups in seven counties.

3Focus Groups# counties # participants4-H Ambassador Groups3454-H Project Committees & Other County Groups29Teen Courts217After-School Program Leadership120Community Coalitions112

4DemographicsAgeCount111213141516171819Sample2684%19%17%13%12%10%14%9%1%4-H Statewide 12,9425%17%17%16%14%13%11%7%0%Ethnic BackgroundCountAsian AmerBlack or Afr AmerWhite or CaucHispa. or LatinoNative Amer/Alaskan Native NativeHawaiian/Pacific IslanderTwo or More RacesOtherSample2681%0%99%0%0%0%0%0%4-H Statewide 12,9421%0%98%0%1%0%1%0%GenderCountMaleFemaleSample26834%66%4-H Statewide 12,94236%64%

Those with email addresses, need statewide systems to continue to increase leadership opps in 54-H Leadership OpportunitiesIntentional youth leadership opportunities % who have participated Length of participationLess than 1 Year 1 2 Years 3 or More Years 4-H Club Officer63%7%23%33%Specific Leadership Training Opportunities 37%8%17%13%4-H County Committee 35%9%11%15%Leader/Organizer of Afterschool Programs32%10%12%9%4-H Teen Leadership Group 25%6%8%12%4-H Camp Counselor15%2%8%5%4-H State Team 12%3%5%4%Community Coalition Member7%3%3%1%Teen Court Panelist4%0%2%1%Local Government Representative 6%3%2%1%

Focus on intentional leadership activities many other things within our programs help develop leadership64-Hers Number of ActivitiesHow many of the 10 leadership activities have 4-Hers participated in? Number of respondentsNone721582413374205 or more44

Youth often do not participate in a single activity. Rather, the median respondent had participated in 2 leadership activities, and many had been much more active. Thirty-seven percent of the respondents answering this question reported they have never participated in any of the 4-H or UW-Extension youth leadership opportunities/programs listed on the survey.Betsy will talk about leadership skills.

7Multi-year participationTo what extent have you participated in the following 4-H or UW-Extension youth leadership opportunities or programs?% who have participated in thisLength of participationLess than 1 Year1 2 Years3 or More Years4-H Club Officer63%7%23%33%Specific Leadership Training Opportunities 37%8%17%13%4-H County Committee 35%9%11%15%Leader/Organizer of Afterschool or other Out-of-School Time Programs32%10%12%9%4-H Teen Leadership Group 25%6%8%12%4-H Camp Counselor15%2%8%5%4-H State Team 12%3%5%4%Community Coalition Mbr. or Mbr. of Youth Board of a Comm. Coalition 7%3%3%1%Teen Court Panelist4%0%2%1%Local Government Representative 6%3%2%1%

8Varied Leadership ActivitiesNumber of leadership activities or programs in which respondents reported participating:Number of respondentsNone721582413374205 or more44

Youth often do not participate in a single activity. Rather, the median respondent had participated in 2 leadership activities, and many had been much more active. Thirty-seven percent of the respondents answering this question reported they have never participated in any of the 4-H or UW-Extension youth leadership opportunities/programs listed on the survey.

94-H Leadership and Membership: Whats the Difference?Those in intentional leadership activities are more likely to: Work as a group or teamWork in cooperation or partnership with an adultGuide, train, or advise younger children and peersMake decisions that affect a club, group, organization, or communityThere is less difference between those in leadership activities and all 4-Hers in:Contact and interact with community leadersPlan and/or act to change something in the community or within a programLearn about and/or practice mediation and conflict resolutionLearn and practice public speaking

10Leadership Development ConstructsLeadership may be defined as the ability to influence and support others in a positive manner for a common goal. Leadership is a set of skills and attitudes that can be learned and developed to influence the action of others.--Lisa Lauxman, National 4-H Program Leader

IdentityConnectionsSkills

CO-SAMMIowa State Life Skills ModelEmployers"Leadership may be defined as the ability to influence and support others in a positive manner for a common goal. Leadership is a set of skills and attitudes that can be learned and developed to influence the action of others." (Lisa Lauxman, National 4-H Program Leader)11Skills: What Employers WantHigh School GraduatesRank Applied Skill1 Professionalism/Work Ethic . . 80.3%2 Teamwork/Collaboration . . . . 74.73 Oral Communications . . . . . . . 70.34 Ethics/Social Responsibility . . 63.45 Critical Thinking/Problem Solving . . . . . . . . . . . 57.56 Information TechnologyApplication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53.07 Written Communications . . . . 52.78 Diversity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52.19 Lifelong Learning/Self Direction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42.510 Creativity/Innovation . . . . . . . 36.311 Leadership . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29.2

Four-Year College GraduatesRank Applied Skill1 Oral Communications . . . . . . 95.4%2Teamwork/Collaboration . . . 94.43 Professionalism/Work Ethic 93.84 Written Communications . . . 93.15 Critical Thinking/Problem Solving . . . . . . . . . . 92.1 6 Ethics/Social Responsibility 85.67 Leadership . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81.88 Information TechnologyApplication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81.09 Creativity/Innovation . . . . . . 81.010 Lifelong Learning/Self Direction . . . . . . . . . . . . 78.311 Diversity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71.8

Survey of 431 corporate employers. Basic skills rank ordered by percent rating as very important.2006 by The Conference Board, Inc., the Partnership for21st Century Skills, Corporate Voices forWorking Families,and the Society for Human Resource Management http://www.p21.org/documents/FINAL_REPORT_PDF09-29-06.pdf

12Leadership SkillsHow much do you feel your participation in 4-H or UW-Extension youth opportunities or programs has contributed to your ability to?CountA Great Deal/To a Great Extent+Quite a Bit/SomewhatSlightly/Very Little +Did Not Contribute/Not at AllDont KnowTeamworkWork cooperatively and collaboratively with others25874%24%2%AVG64%33%3%Inclusiveness/MulticulturalTreat people who are different from yourself with respect25872%25%3%AVG63%34%2%CommunicationListen carefully to what others say 25871%27%1%AVG58%38%3%Planning and OrganizingPlan and organize group activities25457%40%3%AVG56%39%5%Decision Making/Problem SolvingThink critically about the advantages and disadvantages of decisions25856%41%4%AVG48%47%5%13Leadership Skills in PracticeA youth member of the Fond du Lac County Horse Project Board talked about how her experiences helped her in her work: I draw blood for my job. People are sick and not happy about being there. It helps me to read body language and do small talk and relate to the patient. This helps people not to stress out. 4-H experiences make things like this easier in the real world.

Washington County Ambassadors built experience in working across individual and cultural differencesstarting with different ideas and keeping the focus on helping others learn and have fun. One member said, One great thing about 4-H is understanding that we are all different and coming to an understanding. Using patience and deciding what works best.

14Leadership Confidence How much do you feel your participation in 4-H or UW-Extension youth opportunities or programs has contributed to your ability to?A Great Deal/To a Great Extent+Quite a Bit/Somewhat

Slightly/Very Little +Did Not Contribute/Not at All

Dont Know

Leadership IdentityAccept responsibility for doing a job74%24%2%Improve your leadership skills66%30%4%Recognize yourself as a leader60%34%6%Understand your own leadership strengths67%27%5%67%29%4%Self-EfficacyHelp a team/group reach its goals 68%29%3%Motivate and inspire others64%29%6%Stand up/Speak out for what is right54%43%2%65%31%3%15Leadership Confidence in PracticeBuffalo County youth felt a responsibility to step into leadership roles: When I know no one else is willing to do it helps me make the decision to do it and also knowing that there is impact on others.Washington County Ambassadors take ownership of the success and failure of club and county 4-H activities. One ambassador contrasted 4-H with some other experiences: The adults always try to take control and pipe in. In 4-H the adults let the youth run the meetings. Adults step back and let the youth take the lead.

The program emphasizes adults playing support and partnership roles with youth.

16Community ConnectionsHow much do you feel your participation in 4-H or UW-Extension youth opportunities or programs has ?A Great Deal/To a Great Extent+Quite a Bit/SomewhatSlightly/Very Little +Did Not Contribute/Not at AllDont KnowCommunity ConnectionsMade you feel more connected to your community83%13%3%Made you feel more important to your community77%19%3%Provided you with a better understanding of community issues69%25%6%76%19%4%Motivation/Ability for Community Action Motivated you to work with others to make things better in your community79%17%4%Provided you with a better understanding of community issues69%25%6%Made you feel a responsibility to work on community issues69%23%7%72%22%6%17Community Connections in PracticeRacine County have opportunities to represent the organization in many community venues and build their own personal networks through activities that take them to new places. One youth noted, You can talk to new people all the time, you get to see things you wouldnt normally be able to.Iowa County Ambassadors perceived the importance of being an active contributor: You have to be involved to get anything out of it; and We get things from the community and we do things for the community.

18Program Practices: Teen Court/Partnership CouncilOpportunities to make a meaningful contribution towards addressing authentic needs and issuesYouth feel valued and have a real voice in programming and partnershipYoung people are engaged in significant roles that aid them in practicing communication, teamwork, and decision-making skills

Open PollHow often do your community collaborations work in true youth-adult partnership allowing youth to make meaningful contributions?All the timeMost of the timeOccasionallyRarelyNot at allNot Applicable

19Program Practices:Youth-Teaching Youth --Boomerang! Invitation is the First StepRecognized as a LeaderOpportunities for Training & ModelingStructure is Responsive to Developmental Interests

Invitation is the First Step Boost of Self-Confidence Engages Higher Need AudiencesRecognized as a Leader Created a structure that provides authority and responsibility (i.e. age difference, uniform, title)Opportunities for Training & Modeling Given opportunity to learn and practice Experienced youth leaders model and mentorStructure is Responsive to Developmental Interests Climate is conducive to peer support Provides structure and flexibility

20In your experience working with Youth-Teaching Youth programs, have any of these themes been strong factors of program success? Invitation is the First StepRecognized as a LeaderOpportunities for Training & ModelingStructure is Responsive to Developmental Interests

Invitation is the First Step Boost of Self-Confidence Engages Higher Need AudiencesRecognized as a Leader Created a structure that provides authority and responsibility (i.e. age difference, uniform, title)Opportunities for Training & Modeling Given opportunity to learn and practice Experienced youth leaders model and mentorStructure is Responsive to Developmental Interests Climate is conducive to peer support Provides structure and flexibility

21Program Practices: Ambassador/CouncilYouth/Adult PartnershipAmbassadors take ownership of the success and failure of club and county 4-H activities. Youth realize that if they do not step up to make something happen, it would not happen. Expectations and Modeling4-H is run by the youth, other groups at school you have teach and advisors who usually have all the power and control but in 4-H the expectations are higher for us, we run the meetings we do the work we have the power. TeamworkThey have learned the value of shared leadership rather than having only a few people do all the work.

Poll Looking at the groups in your county 4-H program, are youth exercising their leadership potential?Almost never OccasionallyOftenAlmost always

22Discussion

Sara: Thinking about the program practices that promote leadership, which are the ones we need to emphasize in 4-H youth development?

Ellen: Implications for volunteer training?

Matt: What questions are raised by the evaluation? Possibility of validating instrument for further use

23

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