THE FUTURE TENSES - Present Simple: - John retires next ... we use this when we can see the future in the present, ... *Present Continuous - we use this when we talk about future personal

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<ul><li><p> 1 </p><p>THE FUTURE TENSES </p><p>I. How Do We Form Them? </p><p> There are several types of expressing the Future in the English language. The first </p><p>that will come to everyones mind is the will form, that is I will do that. Other forms </p><p>are: </p><p> *Present Simple: - John retires next year. </p><p> *Present Continuous: - I am writing an essay tomorrow. </p><p> * Going to: - I am going to tell her about the classes. </p><p> *Future Progressive: - This time next week I will be teaching English. </p><p> * Be + Infinitive: The Prime Minister is to resign on February. </p><p> *Future in the past: I didnt know what would happen. </p><p> *Future Perfect: I will have written the paper by dinner. </p><p>*Future Perfect Progressive: Next month I will have been listening to you for </p><p>three years. </p><p> Questions: </p><p> John retires next year. Does John retire next year? </p><p> I am writing an essay tomorrow Am I writing an essay tomorrow? </p><p> I am going to tell her about the classes. - Am I going to tell her about the classes? </p><p>This time next week I will be teaching English. Will I be teaching English this </p><p>time next week? </p><p>The Prime Minister is to resign on February. Is the Prime Minister to resign on </p><p>February? </p><p>I didnt know what would happen. Did I know what would happen. </p><p>I will have written the paper by dinner. Will I have written the paper by </p><p>dinner? </p><p>Next month I will have been listening to you for three years. - Will I have been </p><p>listening to you for three years next month? </p></li><li><p> 2 </p><p>Negatives </p><p>John retires next year. John doesnt retire next year. </p><p>I am writing an essay tomorrow - I am not writing an essay tomorrow. </p><p>I am going to tell her about the classes. I am not going to tell her about the </p><p>classes. </p><p>This time next week I will be teaching English. - This time next week I wont be </p><p>teaching English. </p><p>The Prime Minister is to resign on February. - The Prime Minister is not to </p><p>resign on February. </p><p>I will have written the paper by dinner. I wont have written the paper by </p><p>dinner. </p><p>Next month I will have been listening to you for three years - Next month I </p><p>wont have been listening to you for three years. </p><p>I think she will be late I dont think she will be late. </p><p>II. How Do We Use Them? </p><p> *Will we use this type of future to give or ask for information </p><p> We will need the article on the 15th</p><p>. </p><p> It will be autumn soon. </p><p> Will you be at the party? </p><p> Hell be here in a moment. </p><p> - we also use it for predictions what we think, guess or calculate </p><p> Tomorrow will be cold and will snow. </p><p> Who do you think will come? </p><p> Youll never start that manual. </p><p> - we also use it for decisions, promises </p><p> Well buy the food, you can then buy the wine. </p><p> Youll receive the article tomorrow. </p><p> I promise Ill stop singing. </p></li><li><p> 3 </p><p> Ill delete you of my list if you say that again. </p><p> The phones ringing! Ok, Ill answer. (a decision at the moment when </p><p>we make it) </p><p> - wont - refusals </p><p> The computer wont print. </p><p>- will you.? instructions, orders, requests </p><p>- would you..? more polite requests </p><p>Will you send me the report while youre abroad? </p><p>Will you shut up, please? </p><p>Would you double check this essay for me? </p><p>- Ill have.. to order in cafs, restaurants etc. </p><p>I ll have an orange fresh, please. </p><p> * Going to we use this when we can see the future in the present, when we </p><p>have clues in the present: </p><p> Look at that ugly cloud its going to rain. </p><p> Watch out! Were going to crash! </p><p> - we also use it for plans and intentions, especially in </p><p>conversation </p><p> Were going to buy a new computer soon. </p><p> When are you going to get your hair dyed? </p><p> Im going to keep buzzing her until she answers. </p><p> *Present Continuous - we use this when we talk about future personal </p><p>arrangements and already fixed plans + time, date, place. </p><p> What are you doing this afternoon? Im writing a paper. </p><p> My cars having a service next month. </p><p> Im going to London in July. </p></li><li><p> 4 </p><p> What are we having for breakfast? </p><p> Did you know Im getting a new job? </p><p> *Will, Going To or Present Continuous? </p><p> #Plans - Present Continuous fixed plans, definite time/place </p><p> - Going To not that fixed </p><p> Im meeting him at the Opera House at 7.00. </p><p> Shes starting school on October 1st. </p><p> Im going to talk to her soon. </p><p> I think Johnny is going to work for PROTV. </p><p> #Predictions - Going To we see things coming or starting </p><p> - Will we think, believe things about the future </p><p> Look out! Youre going to fall! (I can see it now) </p><p>Dont phone him he wont answer (I think so, </p><p>because I know him) </p><p>#Decisions Will we are making decisions now </p><p> - Going To decisions already exist: they are already </p><p>made </p><p> We have an email from Diana. Ok, youll answer </p><p>it. </p><p> There are a lot of grades to be posted on the </p><p>website. Right. Im going to post them all tomorrow. </p><p> *Simple Present - we use this when we talk about timetables, routines, </p><p>schedules </p><p> Next term starts on 7th</p><p> January. </p><p> My train leaves at 7.15. </p><p> What time does the plain arrive in New Jersey? </p></li><li><p> 5 </p><p> Do you have classes next Monday? </p><p> - we also use this when we ask for instructions </p><p> Where do I pay? </p><p> Where you reach the centre you turn left, you see the first </p><p>house on that street and you ask for Mr Ashley. </p><p> What do we do now? </p><p> *Future Progressive - we use this to say that something will be going on at a </p><p>certain time in the future </p><p> This time tomorrow Ill be skating. </p><p> Well be drinking for you on Saturday. </p><p> - we also use it to ask politely What you have already </p><p>decided </p><p> Will you read my poem today? (request or order) </p><p> Are you going to read my poem today? (perhaps pressing for a decision) </p><p> Will you be reading my poem today? (just asking about plans) </p><p> * Be + Infinitive - we use this to say that something is to happen official </p><p>plans and fixed personal arrangements </p><p> The French Prime Minister is to visit Denmark in December. </p><p> We are to get a pay rise. </p><p> She was so happy because she was soon to come back to Bucharest. </p><p> - you are (not) give orders </p><p> Youre to do your homework before you play games. </p><p> You can go out, but youre not to be back late. </p></li><li><p> 6 </p><p> *Future in the Past - we use this to say that something was still in the future at </p><p>that time in the past we are talking about </p><p> #Past Continuous was.ing </p><p> She was very happy because she was talking to her mother the </p><p>next day. </p><p> #was going to </p><p> I was going to give you that letter, but I forgot. </p><p> #would </p><p> You knew she would be trouble. </p><p> #was to </p><p> They explained me the role I was to play. </p><p> *Future Perfect - we use this to say that something will have been completed by </p><p>a certain time in the future </p><p> The painter says hell have finished the picture by Friday. </p><p> The car will soon have done 75,000 miles. </p><p> - we also use Future Perfect Continuous to emphasize duration </p><p>(how long) </p><p> Tomorrow Ill have been writing to this paper for two years. </p><p>VOCABULARY GENERAL PERSONAL MATTERS </p><p>angry = furios </p><p>annoyed = enervat </p><p>ashamed = ruinat de ceva, jenat </p><p>bad-tempered = prost-dispus </p><p>bored = plictisit </p><p>cheer = a ncuraja, a mbrbta, a aclama </p><p>cheerful = voios, vesel, prietenos </p><p>clever = detept </p></li><li><p> 7 </p><p>complain = a se plnge </p><p>conscience = contiin </p><p>cry = a plnge </p><p>damaged = stricat </p><p>death = moarte </p><p>dishonest = necinstit </p><p>disappointed = dezamgit </p><p>embarrassed = ncurcat, stingherit </p><p>exhausted = epuizat </p><p>to get on someones nerves = a clca pe cineva pe nervi </p><p>give up = a renuna </p><p>fancy = imaginatie, a prefera </p><p>fascinating = fascinant </p><p>to be fed up with = stul de </p><p>to be fond of = a fi pasionat de </p><p>generous = generos </p><p>gentle = blnd, elegant, cavaleresc </p><p>glad = bucuros </p><p>hand = mn </p><p>hard-working = harnic </p><p>heart = inim </p><p>impatient = nerbdtor </p><p>impolite = nepoliticos </p><p>incosiderate = nechibzuit, nenelept, nepstor, egoist </p><p>inexperienced = lipsit de experien, nepriceput </p><p>jealous = gelos </p><p>kind = blnd </p><p>lazy = lene </p><p>to let someone down = a dezamgi pe cineva </p><p>to long for = a tnji dup ceva </p><p>mean = jalnic, umil, josnic, slab </p></li><li><p> 8 </p><p>miserable = nefericit </p><p>mood = dispoziie </p><p>nervous = emoionat </p><p>nod = a da din cap c da </p><p>polite = politicos </p><p>to put someone off = a amna, a evita, a ntrzia, a ndeprta </p><p>relaxed = relaxat </p><p>sensible = raional, inteligent </p><p>sensitive = sensibil, emotiv, suprcios </p><p>shake his head = a da din cap c nu </p><p>shout = a striga </p><p>smile = a zmbi </p><p>stupid = prost </p><p>sympathetic = nelegtor </p><p>tears = lacrimi </p><p>temper = fire, temperament, caracter </p><p>tense = ncordat </p><p>terrified = ngrozit </p><p>thanks (to) = mulumit (lui), mulumiri </p><p>tired = obosit </p><p>trouble = necaz </p><p>unco-operative = necooperant </p><p>unfriendly = neprietenos, dezagreabil </p><p>unhelpful = nefolositor, inutil </p><p>uninterested = lipsit de interes </p><p>unpleasant = neplcut </p><p>unreliable = nestatornic, care nu prezint ncredere, neserios </p><p>upset = suprat </p><p>voice = voce </p><p>whistle = a fluiera </p></li></ul>

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