Present past future We use tenses of verbs to refer to actions or situations in the present, in the past and in the future www.feltap.blogspot.com www.feltap.gnomio.com.

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  • Slide 1
  • present past future We use tenses of verbs to refer to actions or situations in the present, in the past and in the future www.feltap.blogspot.com www.feltap.gnomio.com Vinayadharraju@gmail.com www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 2
  • present past future There are different sorts of tenses: simple tenses continuous tenses perfect tenses perfect continuous tenses www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 3
  • present past future present tenses present simple present continuous present perfect present perfect continuous www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 4
  • present simplepresent continuouspresent perfect present perfect continuous FORM The present simple is formed with the infinitive of the main verb. The negative and interrogative are formed with the present tense of the verb to do + infinitive. Examples I start ( he starts) work at 8.30 a.m. When do I start work? I dont start work until 9.00 a..m. / He doesnt start work until 9.00 a..m. www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 5
  • present simplepresent continuouspresent perfect present perfect continuous USE 1. for habitual and repeated actions Example I play blues harp and dobro guitar www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 6
  • present simplepresent continuouspresent perfect present perfect continuous USE 1.for habitual and repeated actions 2.with adverbs (or expressions) of frequency ( often usually sometimes -seldom rarely always occasionally never twice a week - on Tuesdays most of the time....) Example He often arrives late www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 7
  • present simplepresent continuouspresent perfect present perfect continuous USE 1.for habitual and repeated actions 2.with adverbs (or expressions) of frequency 3.Certain verbs are usually only used in the simple form verbs of the sensessee- hear- smell notice recognize verbs of emotionswant desire refuse forgive wish care love hate like dislike verbs of thinkingthink feel realize understand know mean suppose believe expect remember forget Example Do you see what I mean? She likes my brother very much. I suppose he realizes that now. www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 8
  • present simplepresent continuouspresent perfect present perfect continuous USE 1.for habitual and repeated actions 2.with adverbs (or expressions) of frequency 3.Certain verbs are usually only used in the simple form 4.for something that is permanently true Example Water boils at 100 C. www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 9
  • present simplepresent continuouspresent perfect present perfect continuous on the time diagram nowpastfuture I get up at 7.30 a.m. every day. www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 10
  • present simplepresent continuouspresent perfect present perfect continuous FORM This tense is formed with the present tense of the verb to be + present participle of the main verb. Examples Im watching television. What are you doing? He isnt coming. www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 11
  • present simplepresent continuouspresent perfect present perfect continuous USE 1. For actions happening at the moment of speaking. Example Shes reading the newspaper. www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 12
  • present simplepresent continuouspresent perfect present perfect continuous USE 1.For actions happening at the moment of speaking. 2.For a temporary state. Example The company is reorganizing its services. www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 13
  • present simplepresent continuouspresent perfect present perfect continuous USE 1.For actions happening at the moment of speaking. 2.For a temporary state. 3.For a definite arrangement in the near future. Example Theyre signing the contract tomorrow. www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 14
  • present simplepresent continuouspresent perfect present perfect continuous USE 1.For actions happening at the moment of speaking. 2.For a temporary state. 3.For a definite arrangement in the near future. verbs of sensessee hear smell notice - recognize verbs of emotionwant desire refuse forgive wish care love hate like - dislike verbs of thinkingthink feel realize understand know mean suppose believe expect remember - forget verbs of possessingown owe belong - possess some other verbsseem appear (seem) contain consist keep (continue) - matter Some verbs are not usually used in a continuous form www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 15
  • present simplepresent continuouspresent perfect present perfect continuous on the time diagram now Im adjusting the rotating speed past future www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 16
  • present simplepresent continuouspresent perfect present perfect continuous FORM This tense is formed with the present tense of the verb to have + past participle of the main verb. Examples Ive finished. Where have you been? I havent talked to him. www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 17
  • present simplepresent continuouspresent perfect present perfect continuous USE 1.Actions in the recent past with just, recently, already, at last, lately Example He has just immersed the temperature probe into the molten steel. www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 18
  • present simplepresent continuouspresent perfect present perfect continuous USE 1.Actions in the recent past with just, recently, already, at last, lately 2.General experience with ever never before so far Example This is the highest carbon ratio Ive ever seen. www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 19
  • present simplepresent continuouspresent perfect present perfect continuous USE 1.Actions in the recent past with just, recently, already, at last, lately 2.General experience with ever never before so far 3.The indefinite past: we are interested in what happened, not in when it happened. Example I have seen the report. (I know what it is about.) He has sold the company. They have had lunch. www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 20
  • present simplepresent continuouspresent perfect present perfect continuous USE 1.Actions in the recent past with just, recently, already, at last, lately 2.General experience with ever never before so far 3.The indefinite past: we are interested in what happened, not in when it happened. 4.Actions starting in the past and continuing to the present, with for or since. Example The operation has been suspended for two months. The firm has had a Belgian branch since October last year. www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 21
  • present simplepresent continuouspresent perfect present perfect continuous on the time diagram now pastfuture I ve just arrived. relationship with the present moment www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 22
  • present simplepresent continuouspresent perfect present perfect continuous on the time diagram now pastfuture Have you been to France? ??? www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 23
  • present simplepresent continuouspresent perfect present perfect continuous on the time diagram now pastfuture They have revised their report. www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 24
  • present simplepresent continuouspresent perfect present perfect continuous on the time diagram now pastfuture We have conducted experiments on this phenomenon for almost two years. www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 25
  • present simplepresent continuouspresent perfect present perfect continuous FORM This tense is formed with the present perfect of the verb to be + present participle of the main verb. Examples I ve been writing code for our new data-mining program. Has she been trying to contact me? She hasnt been writing at all. www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 26
  • present simplepresent continuouspresent perfect present perfect continuous USE We use this tense for actions started in the past, continuing to the present and probably continuing into the future. We often use it with for or since. Examples I ve been trying to persuade him for ten years now. We ve been practicing this routine since last Wednesday. www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 27
  • present simplepresent continuouspresent perfect present perfect continuous on the time diagram now 2004 pastfuture I ve been driving driving lorries for twenty years..... 1984 In this sentence, the duration is emphasized, either positively or negatively. So I know what Im talking about! So its high time I quit. www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 28
  • present simplepresent continuouspresent perfect present perfect continuous on the time diagram now 2004 pastfuture I ve driven a Volkswagen for twenty years..... 1984 In this sentence, the duration is indicated, but the car brand is emphasized. Clearly I have confidence in this car. www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 29
  • present past future past tenses past simple past continuous past perfect past perfect continuous www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 30
  • past simplepast continuouspast perfect past perfect continuous FORM This tense is formed by adding -ed to the infinitive. The negative and interrogative are formed with the past tense of the verb to do + infinitive of the main verb Examples They arrived at head quarters an hour ago. When did he finalize this deal? I didnt finish until 12 oclock. www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 31
  • past simplepast continuouspast perfect past perfect continuous USE 1. For actions completed at a definite time in the past. Example We signed the contract last Friday at 2 oclock. www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 32
  • past simplepast continuouspast perfect past perfect continuous USE 1.For actions completed at a definite time in the past. 2.For actions which are already completed in the past: the time is understood but not stated. Example Did you arrive in time? www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 33
  • past simplepast continuouspast perfect past perfect continuous USE 1.For actions completed at a definite time in the past. 2.For actions which are already completed in the past: the time is understood but not stated. 3.The unreal past tense is used after the verb to wish and after words and phrases such as if only; its time; suppose etc. The simple past tense implies that the speaker knows that the wish or the idea is impossible. Note that the wish refers to the present time. Examples If I only knew his name. I wish I were at home now. If I were in his shoes, I would fix his wagon without much scruples. Its time I went home. www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 34
  • past simplepast continuouspast perfect past perfect continuous on the time diagram nowpastfuture I arrived at 15.30 sharp. 15.30 www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 35
  • past simplepast continuouspast perfect past perfect continuous FORM This tense is formed with the past tense of the verb to be + present participle of the main verb. Examples I was watching TV at 8 oclock yesterday. Where were you looking for my glasses this time? I wasnt eavesdropping at all! www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 36
  • past simplepast continuouspast perfect past perfect continuous USE 1. To emphasize the continuity of the past action. Examples She was playing tennis with a friend. He was discussing production planning for the coming week. www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 37
  • past simplepast continuouspast perfect past perfect continuous USE 1.To emphasize the continuity of the past 1.To emphasize the continuity of the past action. 2.To describe an action in progress at a certain time in the past. Examples At 6 p.m. I was still sleeping. At a quarter past nine I was having breakfast. Prices were going up all the time. www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 38
  • past simplepast continuouspast perfect past perfect continuous USE 1.To emphasize the continuity of the past action. 2.To describe an action in progress at a certain time in the past 2.To describe an action in progress at a certain time in the past. 3.To describe an interrupted past action. Examples When he arrived, I was studying the quarterly reports. www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 39
  • past simplepast continuouspast perfect past perfect continuous USE 1.To emphasize the continuity of the past action. 2.To describe an action in progress at a certain time in the past. 3.To describe an interrupted past action 3.To describe an interrupted past action. 4.To express repeated past actions which caused irritation, annoyance. ( with always, forever) Examples He was always trying to influence the personnel director. She was forever paring her nails during meetings. www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 40
  • past simplepast continuouspast perfect past perfect continuous on the time diagram nowpast future I was working all day yesterday. www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 41
  • past simplepast continuouspast perfect past perfect continuous on the time diagram nowpast future I was working all day yesterday. pastnow future I worked all day yesterday. yesterday www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 42
  • past simplepast continuouspast perfect past perfect continuous on the time diagram nowpast future 1. I was working all day yesterday. past nowfuture 2. I worked all day yesterday. yesterday While (1) emphasizes the continuity of the action, (2) only indicates that the action took place yesterday. www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 43
  • past simplepast continuouspast perfect past perfect continuous on the time diagram nowpast future I was watching TV at 8.30 last night. 8.30 p.m. www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 44
  • past simplepast continuouspast perfect past perfect continuous on the time diagram nowpast future 3. I was watching TV at 8.30 last night. 8.30 p.m. now futurepast 4. I watched TV at 8.30 last night. Whereas 3. indicates that the action started before and continued after a certain point in time, 4. indicates that the action happened (started) at 8.30 www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 45
  • past simplepast continuouspast perfect past perfect continuous on the time diagram nowpast future I was browsing through your report... when he knocked at my office door. www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 46
  • past simplepast continuouspast perfect past perfect continuous FORM This tense is formed with the past tense of the verb to have + past participle of the main verb. Examples I had never seen so many measuring tools. What assistance had he given? He hadnt expected this outcome. www.feltap.gnomio.com
  • Slide 47
  • past simplepast continuouspast perfect past perfect continuous USE 1. We use this tense to describe one past action happening before another past action. Example The customer had left the shop by the time I found his order form. www.feltap....

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