Present continuous – future use We can use the present continuous for the future when we are talking about an arrangement. This could be an arrangement

Download Present continuous – future use We can use the present continuous for the future when we are talking about an arrangement. This could be an arrangement

Post on 14-Dec-2015

216 views

Category:

Documents

1 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

<ul><li>Slide 1</li></ul> <p>Present continuous future use We can use the present continuous for the future when we are talking about an arrangement. This could be an arrangement with somebody else. Slide 2 For example: Im going to the cinema with Darren tonight. Im going to the cinema with Darren tonight. Or just with ourselves Really? Im staying in and watching TV. Really? Im staying in and watching TV. Slide 3 The important thing is that something happened before now. Sometimes there is very little difference between the present continuous (arrangement) and going to (intention from before now). Slide 4 Slide 5 Present simple future use We can use the present simple for the future when we are talking about facts, e.g. timetables and fixed times. Slide 6 The train leaves at six oclock. Manchester United play Liverpool on Saturday. The course ends next week. The film starts at eight oclock. Slide 7 Of course, somebody arranged all these things, but it isnt necessary to say so. They are not intentions either. They are simple facts, so we use the present simple. Slide 8 Look at the sentences below. For each one, choose the better answer A or B I asked you to give this to Mr. Hinton. A. Its OK, Ill give it to him after lunch. B. Its OK, Im going to give it to him after lunch. Would you like to go to the football match on Saturday? A. Sorry, Im visiting my grandmother. B. Sorry, I visit my grandmother. Slide 9 Whats the problem are we late? A. Well, the film will start at seven oclock. B. Well, the film starts at seven oclock. This soups awful. A. I know. So are you going to tell the waiter? B. I know. So are you telling the waiter? Have you told your Father yet? A. No, I do it later. B. No, Im going to do it later. Slide 10 Oh, I forgot to bring the car keys. A. Its OK, Im going back and getting them. B. Its OK, Ill go back and get them. Are you coming to the meeting this afternoon? A. No, Im seeing the dentist. B. No, Ill see the dentist. Oh, Ive spilt my coffee. A. Dont worry, Ill get you another one. B. Dont worry, I get you another one. Sir, Mr. Andrews wants to speak to you. A. Tell him Im calling him back in a minute. B. Tell him Ill call him back in a minute. Slide 11 Places and Buildings 1. The side of a river. A. shore B. bank 2. An important church, usually quite large. A. temple B. cathedral 3. The process of becoming weaker or poorer. A. decline B. recline Slide 12 4. Business involving money. A. economy B. exchange 5. Something you sell in other countries. A. extract B. export 6. Very interesting. A. fastening B. fascinating Slide 13 7. Popular clothes, car or music. A. fashionable B. common 8. A type of work, making things in factories. A. fabric B. industry 9. Someone who comes into a country to take the land. A. invader B. income Slide 14 10. A small hill, sometimes man-made. A. mound B. mount 11. A town beside the sea with a harbour. A. dock B. port 12. Political control. A. reign B. rule 13. To move into a place and live there. A. settle B. sink Slide 15 15. To continue to exist. A. survive B. survey 16. A simple castle. A. tower B. palace 17. Buying and selling things to make money. A. trade B. purchase 18. Rich A. wealthy B. valuable Slide 16 York Many important events have happened in Yorks long history. In 71 AD, the Romans built a camp at the place where the rivers Ouse and Fosse meet. They called this Eboracum. A town slowly grew beside it and in time this became one of the leading cities of the Roman Empire. Slide 17 In the seventh century the Saxons settled within the walls of the Roman fort. They also built a little wooden church. There has been a church on this site ever since. The present one, which dates from the thirteenth century, is the great cathedral of York Minster. Slide 18 In 867 York was captured by Danish invaders and the town grew into an important port and centre for trade. Danish rule continued until 944, when King Edmund defeated them. In later years the city became part of the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of England. Slide 19 In 1066 England was invaded by Normans under William the Conqueror. When William came to York he built two wooden castles on earth mounds, one each side of the River Ouse. The one on the east bank was destroyed in 1190. The stone building which stands there today, Cliffords tower, was built as a replacement in the thirteenth century. Slide 20 By the Middle Ages, York was one of the main religious centres of England. Besides the cathedral there were more than 40 churches, and some of these have survived up to the present day. The city continued to be important as a port and trading centre. Englands chief export at the time was wool, and much of it left the country from York. Slide 21 In 1533 King Henry VIII took England out of the Roman Catholic Church. Because so much of Yorks economy was in the hands of the churches, the city suffered greatly. Its decline continued until the eighteenth century, when it began to be a fashionable place to live and visit. Many wealthy people from all over the north of England built town houses in the city. Slide 22 In the nineteenth century York became an important railway centre, and this has continued ever since. Also, two families who sold chocolate from shops, Rowntrees and Terrys, built factories. These have grown into Yorks leading industry. Since, then some new industries have arrived, but York is still a city where visitors can walk along ancient streets and experience its long and fascinating history. Slide 23 Are the sentences below true or false? The town of Eboracum was built by the Romans. There has been a Saxon church in York since the seventh century. York has been ruled by Danes, Anglo-Saxons and Normans. Cliffords Tower was built by William the Conqueror. In the Middle Ages, York was a major port for the export of wool. Slide 24 King Henry VIII destroyed all the old churches in York. Yorks economy declined in the sixteenth century. Many rich people moved to York because of the railways. The only industry in York today are railways and chocolate. Slide 25 Now look at the following pairs of sentences. All of them are similar to the sentences in the text. For each pair decide which you think is correct. Slide 26 1.a. Many important events happened in Yorks long history. b. Many important events have happened in Yorks long history. 2.a. In the seventh century the Saxons built a wooden church in York. b. In the seventh century the Saxons have built a wooden church in York. 3.a. There was a church on this site since the seventh century. b.There has been a church on this site since the seventh century. Slide 27 4.a. Danish invaders captured York in 867. b.Danish invaders have captured York in 867. b.Danish invaders have captured York in 867. 5.a.William the Conqueror built two wooden castles beside the River Ouse. b.William the Conqueror has built two wooden castles beside the River Ouse. 6.a.One of them stood until 1190. b.One of them has stood until 1190. Slide 28 7.a.Some churches from the Middle Ages survived until the present day. b. Some churches from the Middle Ages have survived until the present day. 8.a.In the Middle Ages, Englands chief export was wool. b.In the Middle Ages, Englands chief export has been wool. 9.a.New industries arrived since the nineteenth century. b.New industries have arrived since the nineteenth century. Slide 29 Past simple We use the past simple for events in the past where: We say the time of the event. We know the time of the event. The time of the event is important. Slide 30 Present perfect We use the present perfect for events in the past: When the event started in the past and is still happening now. When the time of the event isnt important. Slide 31 Although these events happened in the past, or began in the past, the important time is now. Thats why we call it the present perfect tense. </p>

Recommended

View more >