present continuous & simple present
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1. Present Continuous & Simple Present Verb Tenses Kristi reyes MiraCosta College 2. Present Continuous Verb Tense Use to talk about actions that are happening right now I am working. He is carrying the boxes. They are talking. We are writing. 3. Form for present continuous Subject + to be + verb+ing Example: I am studying. When speaking and writing informally, make contractions: Im studying. Youre studying. Hes studying Shes studying. Its working. Were working. Theyre working. 4. Questions and Negatives Question Form for Yes/No Questions = To be + subject + verb+ing ? Question form for Information Questions = (WH word) + to be + subject + verb+ing ? Negative form = Subject + to be + not + verb+ing Am I sleeping? Why am I sleeping? Im not sleeping. Are you crying? Why are you crying? You arent not crying. / Youre not crying. Is he talking? What is he talking about? He isnt talking. / Hes not talking. Is she coming? When is she coming? She isnt coming. / Shes not coming. Is it working? How is it working? It isnt working. / Its not working. Are we leaving? When are we leaving? We arent leaving. / Were not leaving. Are they exercising? Where are they exercising? They arent exercising. / Theyre not exercising. 5. Spelling Rules for ing verbs (present participles) For most verbs, simply + ing: painting, watching, eating Other verbs follow these rules: 1. get run plan Rule 1: One-syllable verb with a consonant + vowel + consonant as final three letters, double the final consonant + ing (CVC+C+ing) getting, running, planning 6. Spelling Rules for ing verbs (present participles) 2. come replace introduce Rule 2: Verbs with final silent e, -e + ing coming, replacing, introducing 7. Spelling Rules for ing verbs (present participles) 3. die tie Rule 3: Verbs ending in ie, change ie to y + ing dying, tying 8. Spelling Rules for ing verbs (present participles) 4. begin listen admit offerRule #4: Two syllable verb with final consonant + vowel + consonant and the last syllable is stressed, double final consonant + ing beginning, admitting When in doubt, consult a dictionary!! 9. Last Spelling Tip sew fix enjoy Never double w, x, y! Sewing, fixing, enjoying 10. Non-continuous (static) verbs These verbs are most commonly used to describe a state, not an action, so they are not typically used in continuous 11. Some verbs (those with *) can be both static and continuous Examples: If you have a infant child: I have a baby. If you are having contractions and are going into labor: Get a doctor! I am having a baby! 12. More examples static (simple present) v. continuous verbs If you want to compliment the chef: This cake tastes delicious! If you are sampling some food and want to comment on it: I am tasting the ice cream, and it tastes delicious! If you want to compliment a friend on her appearance: You look marvelous! If you lost something and you want to explain: I am looking for my keys. I lost them! 13. That was present continuous Now for simple present tense 14. Simple Present Tense: Uses Everyday activities: What do you do every day? I get up, take a shower, get dressed, drink coffee and eat breakfast, check my email. Then I drive to work. I work for eight hours, and then I come home. I exercise or watch TV after dinner. I read a book and then go to bed. Routines, habits I do the laundry on Sundays. I go to the gym three days a week. I dont smoke or drink alcohol. I pay my bills on time every month. General truths Birds fly. Babies cry. Teachers teach. Students study. 15. Third Person He / She / It Singular subject (my friend, the boss, a co-worker) Verb + s Singular subject + Goes, works, talks, does, speaks 16. Spelling rules: Third person verbs in simple present tense 1.teach research wash push pass fix wax buzz 17. Third Person Spelling Rules 2.fly dry try study 18. Third Person Spelling Rules 3.do go have He / she / it does goes has 19. Pronunciation The final s for third person simple present tense can be pronounced three ways: 1. /s/ - talks, gets, 2. /z/ - sees, goes, complains 3. /Iz/ - watches, judges, 20. Pronunciation - Listening Listen to the audio recording of the paragraph in Blackboard, and write the sound /s/, /z/ or /Iz/ that you hear for each underlined word (some words are noun plurals, not verbs) 21. Pronunciation Listening (see Blackboard this will be your first Pronunciation Quiz) Maria gets up early in the morning and prepares breakfast. She makes sandwiches for her kids lunches, puts them in the lunch boxes, and kisses her kids as they leave for school. She exercises for 20 minutes, showers, gets dressed, and fixes herself a cup of coffee. She watches the news for a while before she heads to work. The company she works for sells shoes and dresses, and Maria supervises in the shipping department preparing packages. After she finishes work, she goes home and fixes dinner. Then she washes the dishes and helps her kids with their studies. She goes to school four nights a week, and she likes talking to the other students, who speak different languages. She loves California, especially the beaches, the friends she has made, and the opportunities she has here, but still she misses her family in her country. 22. Questions in Simple Present Tense Change these statements to questions. Advance the slide when you have finished: 1. I work. 2. I like my job. 3. They have benefits. 4. We have a nice boss. Answers: 1.Do you work? 2.Do you like your job? 3.Do they have benefits? 4.Do you have a nice boss? 23. Questions in Simple Present Tense Change these statements to questions. Advance the slide when you have finished. 1. She has a lot of experience. 2. He drives to work. 3. The new employee comes early. 4. Your co-worker talks to you. Answers: 1. Does she have a lot of experience? 2. Does he drive to work? 3. Does the new employee come early? 4. Does your co-worker talk to you? 24. Questions in Simple Present Tense 1.Do + I / you / we / they + verb + ? 2.Does he / she / it (singular subject) + verb + ? 25. Negatives in Simple Present Tense Change these sentences to negative. Advance the slide when you have finished. 1. I work. 2. I like my job. 3. They have benefits. 4. We have a nice boss. Answers: 1.I dont work. 2.I dont like my job. 3.They dont have benefits. 4.We dont have a nice boss. 26. Negatives in Simple Present Tense Change these to negative. Advance the slide when you have finished. 1. She has a lot of experience. 2. He drives to work. 3. The new employee comes early. 4. My co-worker talks to me. Answers: 1. She doesnt have a lot of experience. 2. He doesnt drive to work. 3. The new employee doesnt come early. 4. My co-worker doesnt talk to me. 27. Negatives in simple present tense 1. I / you / we / they Plural subject (the workers, the people) + do not (dont) + verb 3. He / she / it Singular subject + does not (doesnt) + verb (no s) 28. Verb to be write the question and negative. Advance the slide when you have finished. 1. She is a student. Question: Negative: 3. We are in class on Fridays. Question: Negative: 5. They are at work now. Question: Negative: 29. Verb to be 1. She is a student. Question: Is she a student? Negative: She isnt a student. 3. We are in class on Fridays. Question: Are we in class on Fridays? Negative: We arent in class on Fridays. 3. They are at work now. Question: Are they at work now? Negative: They arent at work now. 30. Present continuous v. simple present What is/are the difference(s)? 1. I work at McDonalds. 2. I am working at McDonalds. 1. Every day 2. temporary 31. Use Simple Present for o States, general truths He goes to work by bus. She feels excited about her new job. o Everyday activities, routines, habits I usually have dinner at 6 oclock. She sometimes drinks coffee. Simple Present 32. Use the Present Continuous for o Actions that are happening NOW. Its raining today. o Actions that are happening THESE DAYS. I am going to school. I am studying English. Im taking two classes. o Temporary states or situations: Im from San Diego but Im living in Oceanside for now. Present Continuous 33. to work He usually works in Los Angeles. This week hes working at home. Present Continuous or Simple Present? 34. to wear I usually wear jeans to work. Today he is wearing a suit. Present Continuous or Simple Present? 35. to rain It often rains in winter. It is raining today. Present Continuous or Simple Present? 36. to speak He speaks good English. Today, he is speaking Spanish. Present Continuous or Simple Present? 37. Thats all, folks! Bring your completed note-taking form and any questions you have to class.