the english renaissance: celebrating humanity

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The English Renaissance: Celebrating Humanity. 1485-1625. Life in Elizabethan and Jacobean England. London expanded greatly as a city. People moved in from rural areas and from other European countries. Busy and crowded; lots of commerce, craftsmen. Strict class system. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • The English Renaissance:Celebrating Humanity1485-1625

  • Life in Elizabethan and Jacobean EnglandLondon expanded greatly as a cityPeople moved in from rural areas and from other European countriesStrict class systemBusy and crowded; lots of commerce, craftsmenNot a clean or safe cityThe Thames was a beautiful sewer (224) and disease and criminals ran rampant Southwark: suburb known for its vice theaters, gaming, prostitution, etc.Grew into substantial port and admired European city

  • Renaissance = rebirthRebirth of: interest in learning, especially that of ancient Greece and Rome

    civilization in generalarts and sciencesReaction to Dark Ages of medieval Europe

  • Historically speakingExploration by sea: John Cabot, 1497UK represent!Religious rifts:New sense of nationalism prompted many to question ethics in and teachings of ChurchErasmus (Dutch) version of New TestamentThomas More UtopiaProtestant Reformation sparked by Martin Luthers 95 thesesQuestioning of Papal authority and Scripture

  • The Monarchy: strengthening themselves and the nationHenry VII: CatholicRestorer of national economy and prestige of monarchyHenry VIII:Catholic, at firstSupports Pope against religious dissenters (Defender of the Faith)

    ButChurchs refusal to annul his marriage leads him to break from Catholic faithDissolves Church ownership of property, monasteriesHas Thomas More executed for refusing to renounce Catholic faithMarries 6 timesFathers Elizabeth and Mary; has a son, Edward, with his 3rd wife, Jane Seymour

  • More bangin Tudor actionEdward, Henry VIIIs son, rules from the ages of 9-15 (whatever; thats like a 7th grader ruling your country)Parliament drastically changes religious practicesEnglish replaces LatinBook of Common Prayer required in public worshipEngland is on its way to becoming a Protestant nation untilWere back, baby!Mary I takes throneRestores Roman practices to Church of EnglandRestores authority of Pope over English ChurchKnown as Bloody Mary for ordering execution of about 300 ProtestantsAnd I could use a drink. Make it ahmmMary rules for 5 years, and then

  • Cate Blanchett Elizabeth I takes the throne!Hey, I wonder if thats where they got the name for the Elizabethan periodClassically educated; patron of the artsReinstated monarchs rule over Church of England, ending religious turmoilEstablished climate of religious compromiseKnown as one of the best rulers in English historySpoiler alert! Dies in 1603I rule! (literally and figuratively)The Mary Stuart problem:Catholics considered Mary Stuart, Queen of Scotland, rightful heir to throne of England (marriage annulment issues)Imprisoned by cousin, Elizabeth, for 18 yearsHatched numerous Catholic plots against herElizabeth let her live, punished CatholicsParliament insisted on beheading Mary in 1587Elizabeth arrgh

  • Life after Elizabeththe StuartsHey, I wonder if thats where they got the name for JamestownJames I (well, James VI of Scotland, but James I of England)Son of Mary StuartNamed by Elizabeth as her successorProtestantJacobean era (from Latin for James)Expanded Englands position as world power (colony in VA)Believed in divine right of monarchsPower struggles with ParliamentPersecuted Puritans (who migrated to Plymouth Colony)Smell you later, Jimmy!I may have divine right, but this outfit is just wrong

  • Sonnet cycle: A series of sonnets, usually fit loosely together to form a storyHeavy hitters: Philip Sidney, Edmund Spenser, ShakespeareTwo major rhyme schemes: Petrarchan/Italian and Shakespearean Shakespearean rhyme scheme: abab, cdcd, efef, ggFinally, the good stuffLyric over narrative poetryPsst! Lyric poem: a short poem with one speaker (not necessarily the poet) who expresses thought and feeling.Sonnets! Yeah!Psst! Sonnet: 14 lines, iambic pentameter, various rhyme schemes. Word!Many sonnets consist of 8 lines setting up one idea, 4 lines responding to that idea, and a concluding couplet at the end. Rock and roll!Renaissance Poetry

  • Pastoral poetryIdealized rustic simplicity of rural lifeHeavy hitters: Christopher Marlowe and Sir Walter RaleighHey, I wonder if thats where they got the name for Raleigh, NCIm a poet, soldier, explorer, historian and member of the Royal Court. Phew! Its tiring being a true Renaissance man!

  • Turned away from religious focus and toward classical Greek and Roman tragedies and dramasChristopher Marlowe: First major dramatist (1580s)Shakespeare (1564-1616)People say that if Id lived past 30 I might have eclipsed Shakespeare as Englands greatest playwright! Dang!Started as actorFamous playwright by 1592 37 Plays: most can be categorized as tragedy, comedy, or historyDeep understanding of what it means to be human helps maintain popularity

    And I might have gotten credit for stuff you wrote! Too bad, suckah! Renaissance Drama

  • Not as popular as poetryHeavy hitters:Sidney, Raleigh and Thomas NasheSir Francis Bacon: essays, science, philosophyWhich is the more satisfying bacon: pioneering English author or tasty breakfast meat?King James Bible Translated Latin Bible into EnglishHuge achievementprobably most important in English Renaissance54 scholars worked 7 years!Influential, used to this dayRenaissance Prose

  • Important Dates1485: Thomas More publishes Utopia

    1534: Church of England established

    1535: Thomas More executed

    1549: The Book of Common Prayer issued

    1558: Elizabeth I becomes Queen

    1563: 20,000 Londoners die in Plague

    1564: Shakespeare is born!

  • Important Dates (Cont.)1594: Shakespeare writes Romeo and Juliet

    1599: The Globe Theater opens

    1603: Queen Elizabeth I dies; James I becomes King of England.

    1606: Guy Fawkes executed for Gunpowder Plot

    1607: Royal Colony of Jamestown established

    1611: King James Bible published

    1620: Pilgrims land on Plymouth Rock

    1625: King James I dies.

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