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From Pre humanity to Humanity

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  • From Prehumanity

    To Humanity

    Educational Solutions Worldwide Inc.

    Caleb Gattegno

    Newsletter vol. XVII no. 1 September 1987

  • First published in 1987. Reprinted in 2009.

    Copyright 1987-2009 Educational Solutions Worldwide Inc. Author: Caleb Gattegno All rights reserved ISBN 978-0-87825-331-9 Educational Solutions Worldwide Inc. 2nd Floor 99 University Place, New York, N.Y. 10003-4555 www.EducationalSolutions.com

  • In 1952, when writing the chapters of what became the book Conscience de la Conscience (published first in Paris in 1954 and reprinted in 1967 in Neuchatel, Switzerland), the challenge of understanding human beings as they actually are, forced me to look at the majority of mankind as not being fully evolved yet. Whoever said of him or herself that his or her present state required work to be improved, became entitled to the label of being pre-human. Humans, with a capital H, were those who had reached the state of total acceptance of their conditions as being just right. Every human being could give oneself one or other of these labels to which no value was being attached not more than when one said of oneself, I was a pre-adolescent or a pre-adult and later dropped the prefix pre.

    Because pre refers to time, it can be used to refer to individual evolution and later to that of collectivities. In the midst of pre-human collectivities there may be some individuals who had reached their full humanity. Once found they might be pointed at as sources of inspiration for the spiritual growth of whomever relates to them.

    In this Newsletter a number of points raised by people working on themselves will be considered, hoping to shed some light on the usefulness of the above distinction. Could it become an instrument for the study of important human matters? Could it open up new areas of research? It seems to have those powers.

    As usual News Items close the issue.

  • Table of Contents

    1 The Light Of Evolution....................................................... 1

    2 The Uniqueness Of Human Beings .................................... 9

    3 The Complexity Of Mankind.............................................15

    News Items......................................................................... 25

    1 The Efficacy Of The Silent Way Tested On Arabic....................... 25

    2 A Quick Glance At A World Tour Aiming At Reaching New Audiences.....................................................................................30

    3 An Intensive Residential Eight-Day Seminar In France .............32

    Announcements ...............................................................................40

    1....................................................................................................40

    2 Part 1 Of The Treatise..............................................................40

  • 1 The Light Of Evolution

    When biologists believe that they alone can speak properly of evolution, they enter an impasse from which they do not come out while still believing they are doing the only proper work connected with the so-called scientific method.

    But they only tackle challenges which are reducible to their models and formed with their instruments of study. They keep humans, for example, in the third realm and struggle with the transformation of apes into Homo-Sapiens. It does not occur to them that there may be other ways of facing the actual reality of today in which all sorts of animal species have not become extinct and humans have created many cultures and civilizations, which certainly are uniquely human. All that which, generally, does not fossilize.

    In a number of texts (articles and books) we attempted to take into account all the realms found on earth and to ask the question: What is it that evolves in each? We also found that in fact each realm had reached an impasse in evolution, i.e., evolution stopped and only what it had produced so far was perpetuated to constitute the realms as we know them today. This forced us to consider:

    1 horizontal evolutions when all that it was possible to generate through a certain dynamic of energy got formed, up to a breakdown of the process which we called the impasse; and

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  • 2 vertical evolutions when energy found a new way of working and explored it horizontally for a long time.

    Although not all the readers of this issue are familiar with this way of looking at the energy and energies in the universe as they unfold in time, we shall not make it explicit again here. But we can say in a few words, that the large cosmos (where men found stars and many other celestial objects of huge sizes and complexities) which we learned to look at only in this century is the locus of material evolution. This means that in that realm, energy becomes matter. The earth, as a celestial body, belongs to that cosmos and since men are on it, they managed to study over millennia and mainly in the last 200 years, all that which could make sense to them. In particular, the chemical elements were isolated and studied as atoms first and as atoms and their isotopes later, via theoretical and laboratory techniques which ascertained that only 92 elements had been produced by the processes going on in the stars and clouds and called fusion of nuclei. Among these 92, the heaviest displayed a phenomenon called radioactive disintegration which we can interpret as the first impasse in evolution, that of matter. The cosmos over time worked on energy in certain ways and could not do more than what men found: that the process of complexation could go on that far and no farther. Atoms at the end of the Mendeleev classification had reached an unstable state and had to break down producing atoms existing already and some particles which were later found to be among the bricks of the first and stable atoms too.

    Although cosmic evolution is so vast and so complex, it is also limited by the possibilities of the processes themselves. The possibilities form the content of the horizontal evolution of matter. The impasse states the limitations of the processes.

    Energy displayed another material evolution in the cosmos and which men discovered on earth. It goes with another way of working which laboratory men called the formation of molecules via an exchange of electric charges between preexisting atoms. While in the stars huge amounts of energy are used to fuse nuclei and particles in order to form new nuclei (and their atoms when electric charges are also integrated) on earth, and other places too, the amounts of energy

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    From Prehumanity To Humanity

  • needed to produce molecules are relatively small and are electromagnetic in nature. The evolution of molecules on earth (and in other places) goes on via what is called chemical reactions studied by chemists. That horizontal evolution produced all the contents of the material earth which also contains stable molecules (in large numbers) and, when their size goes beyond a certain magnitude, unstable molecules which break down. Another impasse in the cosmic realm is thus generated.

    On earth, man encountered a realm in which the process was not reducible to only making new molecules but in arranging existing molecules in new architectures called cells. Cells are small portions of space occupied by molecules which both keep their original constitution and can react with others to develop a cellular chemical laboratory. Hence in this new realm dubbed the realm of the living all that which was possible in the cosmos could be called on to produce, in particular, new large molecules (forming organic matter) and to attempt new uses of energy outside matter itself, but concerned with matter. We gave it the label of form. The realm of the living integrates the molecular realm in order to attempt to create with the molecules the architectures which man can distinguish and classify.

    If we stress form alone, the living are called plants and represent a hugely rich horizontal evolution which goes from bacteria (monocellular plants) to the giant trees of the American West Coast (the largest in the world). This evolution is also called the second realm.

    If we add behavior to form we create another huge horizontal evolution which includes protozoans and the giant dinosaurs (even if they are now extinct and only known from fossils). The conjunction of forms and behaviors which use them produces the animal kingdom or third realm.

    Following form within all that is possible, gives the actual content of the second realm, and that is the job of botanists. It gives us a chance to witness a vertical evolution corresponding to a new way of working of energy, the generator of forms (which integrates molecular cosmic

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    1 The Light Of Evolution

  • energy since it also produces new molecules) using in each transaction still less energy. This leap of energy into the vital, places it into a higher level of functioning than the cosmic which clearly means that it does not restrict itself to making atoms or molecules to invent as many of the possibilities of form as can be attempted and of which a very large number have proved viable, i.e., capable of going on for durations measured in epochs, millennia, etc.

    Still, it too reaches an impasse when all the possibilities have been tried out which are compatible with the earthian cosmic conditions. We have so many species of plants and no more. We can look into the combinations of attributes and often find that there are plant specimens displaying them but also that incompatibility makes them not viable.

    What evolved in the second realm was cellular form.

    To get into the third realm, which also s