t08 to bee or not to bee

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T08 to bee or not to bee

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  • 1. TO BEE OR NOT TO Brenda Hoddinott T-08 ADVANCED: DIVERSE ANIMALS The detailed drawing of a bee in this project provides artists with an opportunity to enhance various skills, such as drawing several different textures. Several tidbits of information about bees are offered in sections titled Bee Informed. Suggested drawing supplies include good quality white drawing paper, graphite pencils, kneaded and vinyl erasers, and a pencil sharpener. This project is recommended for fine art educators and artists from age 12 to adult with good drawing skills. This project is divided into the following three sections: BEE BODY PARTS AND BASIC PROPORTIONS: Following a brief introduction to the terminology used for the parts of a bees body, you lightly sketch the major sections in a proportionately correct manner. This project relies completely on freehand drawing without the help of drawing tools such as a grid. OUTLINING THE INTRICATE SHAPES OF A BEE: Text instructions are limited in this section. Rather, you rely on fine tuning your visual skills to outline the fine intricacies of the bee, by closely examining large step-by-step illustrations. SHADING BEE FORMS AND TEXTURES: In this section you gather your pencils and prepare to add several different types of shading to the various parts of the bee. A full range of values and carefully placed shading graduations, fool the observer's eye into seeing the three-dimensional under forms of the head, eyes, thorax, abdomen, and legs. 16 PAGES 24 ILLUSTRATIONS Published by Hoddinott Fine Art Publishers, Halifax, NS, Canada Revised 2006

2. Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com - 2 - BEE BODY PARTS AND BASIC PROPORTIONS Following a brief introduction to the terminology used for the parts of a bees body, you lightly sketch the major sections in a proportionately correct manner. This project relies completely on freehand drawing without the help of drawing tools such as a grid. ILLUSTRATION 08-01 The parts of a bees body include: 1. Antennas 2. Head 3. Compound Eyes 4. Thorax 5. Wings 6. Abdomen 7. Front Legs 8. Middle Legs 9. Hind Legs 10. Stinger As you draw, pay close attention to the lengths, angles, and curves of the various lines which outline the bees different parts. Constantly double check the proportions of your sketch as you work your way through this project, and modify if needed. ILLUSTRATION 08-02 1) Sketch a thin egg shape as the head. Use an HB pencil, and keep your lines light so they can be easily erased. 2) Draw a long thin wing. 3) Draw the thorax as a large circular shape that appears to be behind the head and wing. 3. Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com - 3 - ILLUSTRATION 08-03 4) Draw a vertical oval on the head as the eye. A bees compound eyes allow it to see in many directions at once. 5) Lightly sketch the outline of the bees second wing. Take note of where the outline begins on the upper thorax and ends on the upper side of the larger wing. In fact, both of the bees wings are the same size; however, a section of the second wing is hidden behind the thorax. As well, in that the second wing is farther away than the first, it appears smaller because it is drawn in perspective to the other. ILLUSTRATION 08-04 6) Sketch the bees abdomen. Take note of the U-shape that represents the outline of the abdomen. Observe where the outline begins on the lower section of the thorax and ends on the lower edge of the closer wing. 4. Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com - 4 - ILLUSTRATION 08-05 7) Lightly sketch the three legs on the frontal side of the bee. 8) Add the bees two antennas to the front of the head. 9) Add the tiny section of the back leg that is visible under the abdomen. 10) Erase the lines of the head, thorax, and abdomen that are inside the outlines of the legs. 11) Pat the entire drawing with your kneaded eraser until you can barely see the lines. ILLUSTRATION 08-06 5. Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com - 5 - OUTLINING THE INTRICATE SHAPES OF A BEE Text instructions are very limited in this section; rather, you rely on fine tuning your visual skills to outline the fine intricacies of the bee, by closely examining large step-by-step illustrations. ILLUSTRATION 08-07 12) Outline the upper sections of the three legs closer to the viewer. ILLUSTRATION 08-08 13) Add the outlines of the head, eye, and antennas. A bee navigates by using the ultraviolet light of the sun, even on cloudy days. 6. Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com - 6 - ILLUSTRATION 08-09 14) Outline the wing that is closer to the viewer. ILLUSTRATION 08-10 15) Add the circular outline of the thorax. 7. Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com - 7 - ILLUSTRATION 08-11 16) Outline the second wing. ILLUSTRATION 08-12 17) Outline the upper two sections of the abdomen. 8. Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com - 8 - ILLUSTRATION 08-13 18) Outline the shapes of the small visible sections of the distant three legs. ILLUSTRATION 08-14 19) Add the two center sections of the abdomen. 20) Add the lower sections of the six legs. 9. Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com - 9 - ILLUSTRATION 08-13 21) Outline the two lower sections of the abdomen and add the stinger. 22) Erase the initial sketch lines. 23) Pat the entire drawing with a kneaded eraser until all the lines are very light. ILLUSTRATION 08-14 10. Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com - 10 - SHADING BEE FORMS AND TEXTURES Gather your pencils and prepare to add several different types of shading to the various parts of the bee. A full range of values and carefully placed shading graduations, fool the observer's eye into seeing the three-dimensional under forms of the head, eyes, thorax, abdomen, and legs. ILLUSTRATION 08-15 24) Outline the head and thorax with fuzzy lines of various lengths that curve in different directions. 25) Outline the highlight of the eye as a tiny oval-shape. 26) Add a crescent shape of light shading to mark the location of the shadow section of the eye. ILLUSTRATION 08-16 27) Use curved hatching lines to add values to the various sections of the abdomen. As you continue shading, keep in mind that the upper half of each section will remain light and the lower sections will become darker. You create different values by: Varying the density (placing lines either far apart or close together) of the individual hatching lines. Varying the pressure used in holding various pencils. Using different grades of pencils, from hard to soft, to help with the different values. 11. Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web sites http://www.finearteducation.com and http://www.drawspace.com - 11 - ILLUSTRATION 08-17 Three types of bees live together in a honeybee colony. The queen bee is a fertile female. Drones are male bees. Worker bees are infertile females. ILLUSTRATION 08-18 28) With curved hatching lines and a full range of values, add a furry texture