SUPREME COURT DECISIONS. ESSENTIAL QUESTION What is the purpose of the Supreme Court?
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SUPREME COURT DECISIONS
ESSENTIAL QUESTIONWhat is the purpose of the Supreme Court?
JUDICIAL REVIEWCourts can decide if laws follow the U.S Constitituion.
APPEALS COURTThe Supreme Court hears cases that have been decided in lower courts.
OPINIONSThe decisions of the Supreme Court.Can change their minds later.
ESSENTIAL QUESTIONHow do people get on the Supreme Court?
PRESIDENTIAL APPOINTMENTSPresident names person to a lifetime position on the Supreme Court, U.S Senate approves.Supreme Court Justices do not face elections.
ESSENTIAL QUESTIONWhat are some important Supreme Court decisions?
WORCESTER V. GEORGIAIndian Removal Act is unconstitutional.Pres. Jackson removed Indians anyway.
SCOTT V. SANFORDSlaves considered property, not people.May have led to U.S Civil War.
GIBBONS V. OGDENFederal law is more important than state law.Allowed enforcement of 1964 Civil Rights Act.
KOREMATSU V. UNITED STATESLegal to send Japanese to interment camps.National security more important than individual rights.
TINKER V. DES MOINESStudents arm bands are a legal form of free speech- do not violate a dress code.
TERRY V. OHIOPolice may frisk for weapons at any time with reasonable suspicion.
BAKKE V. U OF CALI.Colleges may consider race as part of affirmative action in application acceptances.
RILEY V. CALIFORNIAPolice may search and seize property without a warrant if the prove probable cause.
TLO V. NEW JERSEYSchool officials may search a locker without a search warrant.
MIRANDA V. ARIZONAPolice must read rights before questioning.Right to remain silent, right to a lawyer.
GIDEON V. WAINWRIGHTIf accused person cant afford a lawyer, one will be appointed by the courts.Public Defenders Office.
ROE V. WADEAbortion is legal in first trimester.