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- 1. STREPTOCOCCUSBy:Razon, Eunice L.
2. STREPTOCOCCUS found in water, soil, vegetation. Strep is often the cause of skininfections, sore throat, sinusinfections, bronchitis, pneumonia,meningitis, and heart valveinfections. appear in chains of varying length several species are indigenous inanimals & man found in skin, oral cavity,respiratory tract 3. CELLULITIS is a localized or diffuse inflammation of connectivetissue with severe inflammation of dermal andsubcutaneous layers of the skin. result when streptococcus bacteria invade the skinthrough a cut or scrape. This is an infection of the deepest layers of the skinand usually occurs on the face or legs. 4. PREVENTION Wash your wound daily with soap and water. Apply an antibiotic cream or ointment. Watch for signs of infection. 5. SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS Cellulitis causes the area of affected skin to become red, hot,swollen, and tender or painful. Symptoms that develop before, or in combination with: nausea shivering chills a general sense of feeling unwell 6. DENTAL CORRELATIONThe infection can spread via blood, lymph and tissue spaces. In dentistry, themost relevant tissue spaces are the Pterygomandibular Space Lateralpharyngeal Space Retropharyngeal Space Infratemporal Fossa Buccal Space Vestibular Space Sublingual Space Submandibular Space Submental Space 7. PATHWAY OF SPREAD FORBUCCAL SPACE 8. TREATMENT Antibiotic regimens are effective in more than90% of patients. However, all but the smallest of abscesses require drainage for resolution, regardless ofthe microbiology of the infection. In many instances, if the abscess is relatively isolated, with little surroundingtissue involvement, drainage may suffice without theneed for antibiotics.