spanish lesson 5

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Spanish Lesson 5 N-House


  • 1. Espaol 101 Leccin 5 4 Junio 2012

2. VII. Sentence StructureTypeOrderExampleCommentStatementSubject, verbRoberto estudia.This word order is(Robert isextremely commonstudying.)and can beconsidered thenorm.StatementSubject, verb, Roberto compr el This word order is object libro. (Robertextremely commonbought the book.) and can beconsidered thenorm. 3. Type Order ExampleCommentStatement Subject, objectRoberto lo compr. This word order is extremelypronoun, verb(Roberto bought it.) common and can be consideredthe norm. Object pronounsprecede conjugated verbs; theycan be attached at the end ofinfinitives and present participles.QuestionQuestion word, Dnde est el This word order is extremelyverb, subjectlibro? (Where is the common and can be considered book?) the norm.Exclamation ExclamatoryQu linda esThis word order is extremelyword, adjective, Roberta! (Howcommon and can be consideredverb, subjectbeautiful Roberta the norm. Many exclamations is!) omit one or more of thesesentence parts.Statement Verb, noun Sufren los nios.Placing the verb ahead of the (The children arenoun can have the effect of suffering.)placing more emphasis on theverb. In the sample sentence, theemphasis is more on the sufferingthan who is suffering. 4. TypeOrderExample CommentStatement Object, verb, El libro lo escribi Placing the object at thenounJuan. (John wrotebeginning of the sentence canthe book.) have the effect of placing more emphasis on the object. In the sample sentence, the emphasis is on what was written, not who wrote it. The pronoun lo, although redundant, is customary in this sentence construction.Statement Adverb, verb, Siempre hablan los In general, Spanish adverbs arenounnios. (The children kept close to the verbs theyare always talking.) modify. If an adverb starts a sentence, the verb frequently follows.PhraseNoun, adjective la casa azul y caraDescriptive adjectives, especially(the expensive blueones that describe somethinghouse) objectively, usually are placed after the nouns they modify. 5. TypeOrder ExampleCommentPhraseAdjective, noun Otras casas (other Adjectives of number and otherhouses); mi queridanondescriptive adjectives usuallyamiga (my dear precede the noun. Often, so dofriend)adjectives being used to describe something subjectively, such as to impart an emotional quality to it.PhrasePreposition, noun en la caja (in the Note that Spanish sentences canbox) never end in a preposition, as is commonly done in English.Command Verb, subject Estudia t. (Study.) Pronouns are often unnecessarypronounin commands; when used, they nearly always immediately follow the verb. 6. Ms expresiones - Moreexpressions Buen Trabajo! - Great job! Hoy me cepill (lav) los dientes - Today, Ibrushed my teeth Sub en el ascensor/elevador - I took the liftupstairs Puedes ensearme cmo hacer esto? - Canyou teach me how to do this? Qu vamos a hacer hoy? - What are we goingto do today? 7. Ms expresiones - More expressions, cont. Dnde est el supermercado? - Where is thesupermarket? Qu puedo traer a mis amigos en Singapur?What is famous here that I can buy back formy friends in Singapore? Mantente en contacto/Escrbeme - Keep intouch 8. Conversacin - Conversation Qu te gusta hacer en tu tiempo libre? -What do you like to do in your free time? Cul es tucomida/bebida/deporte/hobby/pasatiempofavorito(a)? - What is your favouritefood/drink/sport/hobby/past time/band... Me gustara hablar con - I would like to talk to Te gustara hablar con l/ella en privado? -Would you like to talk to him/her in private? 9. Conversacin Conversation, cont. Qu haremos hoy? - What are we going to dotoday? Hoy vamos a - Today we are going to... ir al cine - go to the cinema ir a la playa - go to the beach programar - do some programming ir de paseo - walk around 10. Ms Expresiones MoreExpressions An si... - Even if Qu pasara si...? - What if Hablas en serio?/Ests bromeando? - Areyou serious (Eso es) Muy interesante - Thats interesting Guau! - Wow 11. Ms Vocabulario - MoreVocabulary Encendido/Apagado - On/off Enciende la luz/Apaga la luz - Turn on/off thelight Adelantar/Retrasar - Forward/backward Arriba - Up/upstairs Abajo - Down/downstairs He perdido - I have lost... Cmo se usa este(a)? - How to use this... 12. Aritmtica Bsica Basic Arithmetic Sumar, restar, dividir, multiplicar - Plus, minus,divide, multiply 13. Algunos Adjetivos de Cantidad - Some Adjectives of Quantity Mucho, muchos, mucha, muchas Much for singular Many for plural El tiene mucho poder - He has much power Ella tiene muchas gatas - She has many cats 14. Por - For Expressing movement along, through, around,by or about Anduve por las calles de la ciudad - I walkedthrough the streets of the city. Denoting a time or duration when somethingoccurs Viajamos por tres semanas - Were traveling forthree weeks. 15. Por For, cont. Expressing the cause (not the purpose) of anaction Me ca por la nieve - I fell down because of thesnow. Meaning per Dos por ciento - Two percent. Meaning supporting or in favor of Trabajamos por derechos humanos - We work forhuman rights. 16. Por For, cont. Introducing the agent of an action after apassive verb Fue escrito por Neruda - It was written by Neruda Indicating means of transportation Viajar por avin - I will travel by plane. Used in numerous expressions. Por ejemplo - For example Por favor Please. 17. Para - For Meaning for the purpose of or in order to Para bailar aqu se necesita - In order to dancehere you need With a noun or pronoun as object, meaningfor the benefit of or directed to Es para usted - Its for you. Meaning to or in the direction of whenreferring to a specific place Voy para Chile - Im heading to Chile 18. Para For, cont. Meaning by or for when referring to a specifictime Necesito el regalo para maana - I need the giftfor tomorrow Para el fin de semana vamos a la casa de mimadre For the weekend were going to my mothers 19. Gramtica - Grammar Grande - Big Pequeo(a) - small Mediano(a) - medium 20. Presente Continuo Present Continuous Estoy hablando - I am speaking Juan est comiendo - John is eating Mara est escribiendo una carta - Mary is writinga letter 21. Presente Continuo Present Continuous Estar - To be estoy ests est estamos estn 22. Presente Continuo Present Continuous Present participle (regular -ar verbs)1. hablar: hablando (hablar - ar + ando)2. trabajar: trabajando (trabajar - ar + ando)3. estudiar: estudiando (estudiar - ar + ando) 23. Presente Continuo Present Continuous Present participle (regular -er verbs)1. comer: comiendo (comer - er + iendo)2. hacer: haciendo (hacer - er + iendo) 24. Presente Continuo Present Continuous Present participle (regular -ir verbs)1. vivir: viviendo (vivir - ir + iendo)2. escribir: escribiendo (escribir - ir + iendo) 25. Presente Continuo Present Continuous Present participle (irregular -ir verbs)1. servir: sirviendo2. pedir: pidiendo3. decir: diciendo4. dormir: durmiendo5. morir: muriendo6. poder: pudiendo 26. Presente Continuo Present Continuous Present participle (orthographic change)1. caer: cayendo2. creer: creyendo3. huir: huyendo4. ir: yendo5. influir: influyendo6. or: oyendo7. traer: trayendo8. leer: leyendo9. seguir: siguiendo 27. Verbos - Verbs Yo fu/voy/ir... - I went/am going/will be goingfor T fuste/vas/irs - You went/were going/willbe going for... El/Ella fu/va/ir - He/She went/wasgoing/will be going for... Nosotros fumos/vamos/iremos - Wewent/are going/will be going for... Ustedes/Ellos fueron/van/irn - You/theywent/are going to/will be going for 28. Verbos Verbs, cont. a correr - a run a comer un helado - to have ice cream a hacer una llamada - to make a call a ver una pelcula - to watch a movie a nadar - to swim a cambiar dinero - to change money