Spanish lesson 4

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Spanish Lesson 4 N-House

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<ul><li> 1. Espaol 101Leccin 428 Mayo 2012</li></ul> <p> 2. I. La Familia - The Family Mi abuelo tiene noventa aos - My grandfather isninety Quin es tu hermano mayor? - Who is your bigbrother? Cuntos hermanos tienes? - How many brothers doyou have? Ellas son mis hermanas - They are my sisters To Pablo es inteligente - Uncle Pablo is intelligent Mi hermana tiene 22 aos - My sister is 22 years old 3. I. La Familia - The Family, cont. Mi sobrino es muy alto - My nephew is very tall Mi sobrina es muy baja - My niece is very short Tengo dos hermanos y una hermana - I have twobrothers and one sister Mi novio es bien simptico - My boyfriend is verycool En mi familia hay seis personas - There are six peoplein my family 4. I. La Familia - The Family, cont. Qu hace tu mam/pap? - What does yourmom/dad do? Mi mam es maestra - My mom is a teacher Mi pap es doctor - My dad is a doctor 5. II. La Hora - Telling Time 1:00 - la una 2:05 - las dos y cinco 3:10 - las tres y diez 4:15 - las cuatro y cuarto or las cuatro yquince 5:20 - las cinco y veinte 6:25 - las seis y veinticinco 7:30 - las siete y media or las siete y treinta 6. II. La Hora - Telling Time, cont. 7:35 - las ocho menos veinticinco or las siete ytreinta y cinco 8:40 - las nueve menos veinte or las ocho ycuarenta 9:45 - las diez menos cuarto or las nueve ycuarenta y cinco 10:50 - las once menos diez or las diez ycincuenta 7. II. La Hora - Telling Time, cont. 11:55 - las doce menos cinco or las once ycincuenta y cinco noon - el medioda midnight - la medianoche 8. III. Qu hora es? - What time is it? Disculpe, Qu hora es? - Excuse me, whattime is it? Te molestara decirme la hora? - Would youmind telling me the time? A qu hora llega? - What time does he/sheget here? A qu hora vienes? - What time are youcoming? 9. III. Qu hora es? - What time isit?, cont. A qu hora abre el banco? - What time doesthe bank open? A qu hora sucedi esto? - What time didthis happen? 10. IV. Ms Expresiones - More expressions Tenemos un plan - Sounds like a plan Me gustara aprender esto - I think I would liketo learn this Entiendo/Lo tengo - Got it Qu significa esto? - What does this mean? Qu es esto? - What is this? Cmo se dice esto? - How do you say this? Todava no - Not yet 11. IV. Ms Expresiones - Moreexpressions, cont. Estoy lleno - Im full Creo que ya tuve suficiente - I think Ive hadenough Creo que voy a vomitar - I think Im going tobe sick 12. IV. Im Ill - Estoy Enfermo(a) Qu te duele?/Dnde te duele? - Wheredoes it hurt? Me duele el/la - My hurts brazo - arm hombro - shoulder estmago - stomach rodilla - knee cuello - neck 13. IV. Im Ill - Estoy Enfermo(a), cont. Tengo un dolor de - I have a ache cabeza - cabeza Tengo un resfriado - I have a cold Tengo gripa - I have the flu Food poisoning - Indigestin 14. V. Dilogo - DialogueA - Hola, me llamo - Hello, my name is...B - Yo soy - I am...A - Cuntos aos tienes? - How old are you?B - Yo tengo aos - Im years old 15. V. Dilogo Dialogue, cont.A - De dnde eres? - Where are you from?B - Soy de - Im from ...A - Qu haces aqu? - What are you doinghere?B - Yo estoy - I am ... de visita - visiting trabajando aqu - working here 16. VI. Transportacin - TransportationA - A dnde vas? - Where are you going?B - Voy (al/la) Im going to cine - cinema playa - beach oficina - office de compras - shopping 17. VI. Transportacin Transportation, cont.A - Qu autobs tomas? - What bus do you take?B - Tomo el (la ruta) 23 - I take bus (route) 23A - Cunto cuesta el boleto? - How much is theticket?B - Cuesta 10 pesos - (It costs) 10 pesosA - Cunto tarda el autobs? - How long does thebus take?B - Media hora - Half an hour 18. VII. Sentence StructureTypeOrderExampleCommentStatementSubject, verbRoberto estudia.This word order is(Robert isextremely commonstudying.)and can beconsidered thenorm.StatementSubject, verb, Roberto compr el This word order is object libro. (Robertextremely commonbought the book.) and can beconsidered thenorm. 19. Type Order ExampleCommentStatement Subject, objectRoberto lo compr. This word order is extremelypronoun, verb(Roberto bought it.) common and can be consideredthe norm. Object pronounsprecede conjugated verbs; theycan be attached at the end ofinfinitives and present participles.QuestionQuestion word, Dnde est el This word order is extremelyverb, subjectlibro? (Where is the common and can be considered book?) the norm.Exclamation ExclamatoryQu linda esThis word order is extremelyword, adjective, Roberta! (Howcommon and can be consideredverb, subjectbeautiful Roberta the norm. Many exclamations is!) omit one or more of thesesentence parts.Statement Verb, noun Sufren los nios.Placing the verb ahead of the (The children arenoun can have the effect of suffering.)placing more emphasis on theverb. In the sample sentence, theemphasis is more on the sufferingthan who is suffering. 20. TypeOrderExample CommentStatement Object, verb, El libro lo escribi Placing the object at thenounJuan. (John wrotebeginning of the sentence canthe book.) have the effect of placing more emphasis on the object. In the sample sentence, the emphasis is on what was written, not who wrote it. The pronoun lo, although redundant, is customary in this sentence construction.Statement Adverb, verb, Siempre hablan los In general, Spanish adverbs arenounnios. (The children kept close to the verbs theyare always talking.) modify. If an adverb starts a sentence, the verb frequently follows.PhraseNoun, adjective la casa azul y caraDescriptive adjectives, especially(the expensive blueones that describe somethinghouse) objectively, usually are placed after the nouns they modify. 21. TypeOrder ExampleCommentPhraseAdjective, noun Otras casas (other Adjectives of number and otherhouses); mi queridanondescriptive adjectives usuallyamiga (my dear precede the noun. Often, so dofriend)adjectives being used to describe something subjectively, such as to impart an emotional quality to it.PhrasePreposition, noun en la caja (in the Note that Spanish sentences canbox) never end in a preposition, as is commonly done in English.Command Verb, subject Estudia t. (Study.) Pronouns are often unnecessarypronounin commands; when used, they nearly always immediately follow the verb.</p>