Simple present and present continuous

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<ul><li> 1. Simple Present vs. Present Continuous When do we use each tense?</li></ul> <p> 2. Remember : </p> <ul><li>Grammar hasmeaning! </li></ul> <ul><li>Different grammar tenses are used in different situations or contexts and they carry different meanings. </li></ul> <ul><li>For example . . . </li></ul> <p> 3. </p> <ul><li>Use thesimple presentfor: </li></ul> <ul><li>1) action that happens repeatedly (habitual action) </li></ul> <ul><li>2) general or permanent situations </li></ul> <ul><li>3) facts </li></ul> <ul><li>Use thepresent continuousfor: </li></ul> <ul><li>Something that is happening now or close to the time of speaking </li></ul> <ul><li>2) A temporary situation </li></ul> <p>Examples . . . 4. </p> <ul><li>Simple Present (Examples) </li></ul> <ul><li>1) Habitual Action: </li></ul> <ul><li>Tomgoesfishing every week. </li></ul> <ul><li>I usuallyworkuntil 2:00 p.m. </li></ul> <ul><li>My familycomesto visit me every year. </li></ul> <ul><li>*Frequency adverbs: these adverbs are commonly used with simple present: </li></ul> <ul><li>Always, never, usually, rarely, sometimes, often, etc. </li></ul> <p> 5. </p> <ul><li>Simple Present (More Examples) </li></ul> <ul><li>2) General or Permanent Situations: </li></ul> <ul><li>My familylivesfar away. </li></ul> <ul><li>Jackdoesnt workon Saturday. </li></ul> <ul><li>Beth and Toanworkat ECC. </li></ul> <ul><li>3) Facts: </li></ul> <ul><li>The Earthisround. </li></ul> <ul><li>Waterboilsat 100 degrees Celsius. </li></ul> <ul><li>The Eiffel Towerisin Paris. </li></ul> <p> 6. </p> <ul><li>Present Continuous (Examples) </li></ul> <ul><li>1) Action happening now or close to time of speaking: </li></ul> <ul><li>Wheres Tom? He s playingsoccer. </li></ul> <ul><li>Dont bother the kids. Theyare doingtheir homework. </li></ul> <ul><li>2) Temporary situations: </li></ul> <ul><li>Martha and her husbandare travelingaround Europe for two weeks. </li></ul> <ul><li>Lisais livingwith friends until she finds an apartment. </li></ul> <p> 7. </p> <ul><li>Present Continuous . . .</li></ul> <ul><li>We often use the present continuous (and not simple present) when action continues over a period of time. </li></ul> <ul><li>this week, this semester, this year </li></ul> <ul><li>I m working50 hours this week. </li></ul> <ul><li>She s takingan Italian class this semester. </li></ul> <ul><li>This year, I m trying </li></ul> <ul><li>to cut back on junk food. </li></ul> <p> 8. </p> <ul><li>Grammar Structure: </li></ul> <ul><li>Here are some reminders about how tomakethe simple present and present continuous: </li></ul> <p> 9. Simple Present: </p> <ul><li>The most important thing to remember about this tense is . . . </li></ul> <ul><li>3 rdperson singular (he, she, it) </li></ul> <ul><li>We say : </li></ul> <ul><li>I </li></ul> <ul><li>You </li></ul> <ul><li>We </li></ul> <ul><li>They </li></ul> <p>work 10. Simple Present: </p> <ul><li>But for 3 rdperson singular, we say . . . </li></ul> <ul><li>He </li></ul> <ul><li>She </li></ul> <ul><li>It</li></ul> <p>work s 11. The verb BE </p> <ul><li>Remember the forms of verb BE for the simple present tense: </li></ul> <ul><li>I AM </li></ul> <ul><li>He, She, It IS </li></ul> <ul><li>They, We, You ARE </li></ul> <p> 12. Simple Present (Negative) </p> <ul><li>For all verbs (EXCEPTbe ), use: </li></ul> <p>doesn't don't simple form of VERB + Examples . . . 13. </p> <ul><li>1) Sara works on Sunday. Saradoesnt workon Sunday. 2) They have a big house. Theydont havea big house. 3) Sam takes classes at night. Samdoesnt takeclasses at night. 4) I have a lot of free time. Idont havea lot of free time. </li></ul> <p> 14. </p> <ul><li>VERB BE(Negative) </li></ul> <ul><li>For this verb ONLY,never use doesnt or dont .Simple ADD the wordNOTafter the verb. </li></ul> <ul><li>I am tired. I amNOTtired. </li></ul> <ul><li>She is rich. She isNOTrich. </li></ul> <ul><li>They are here. They areNOThere. </li></ul> <p> 15. Present Continuous: </p> <ul><li>Dont forget that VERB BE is part of this structure. </li></ul> <ul><li>IAM </li></ul> <ul><li>You, We, They ARE </li></ul> <ul><li>He, She, It IS </li></ul> <p>verb -ING + 16. </p> <ul><li>Examples: </li></ul> <ul><li>Everyoneis studyinghard. </li></ul> <ul><li>Theyare celebratingtheir 40 thanniversary today. </li></ul> <ul><li>Iam cleaningmy house this week.</li></ul> <p> 17. </p> <ul><li>Present Continuous(Negative) </li></ul> <ul><li>For this tense, simply ADD the wordNOTafter the verb BE. </li></ul> <ul><li>They are working today. </li></ul> <ul><li>They areNOTworking today. </li></ul> <ul><li>She is taking a Math class. </li></ul> <ul><li>She isNOTtaking a Math class.</li></ul> <p> 18. </p> <ul><li>Important Note about </li></ul> <ul><li>Present Continuous! </li></ul> <ul><li>Some verbs are NOT typically used in the present continuous tense.Instead, we prefer to use these verbs in the simple present.</li></ul> <ul><li>These verbs are calledSTATIVE(or non-action) verbs. Here are some examples: </li></ul> <ul><li>want like love hate </li></ul> <ul><li>know need see hear </li></ul> <ul><li>believe understand have (possession) </li></ul> <ul><li>forget remember belong </li></ul> <p> 19. </p> <ul><li>Examples: </li></ul> <ul><li>IlikeRome. </li></ul> <ul><li>NOT: I am liking Rome. </li></ul> <ul><li>Shehasa big house. </li></ul> <ul><li>NOT: She is having a big house. </li></ul> <ul><li>Ipreferto have coffee. </li></ul> <ul><li>NOT: I am preferring to have coffee. </li></ul> <p>_____________ _____________ _____________ 20. </p> <ul><li>Practice! </li></ul> <ul><li>Do these exercises with your class. </li></ul> <ul><li>Choose the simple present or present continuous and discusswhyeach is correct. </li></ul> <ul><li>1. On Tuesdays, I ________ (go) to the gym. </li></ul> <ul><li>2. Karen ________ (paint) her apartment this week. </li></ul> <ul><li>3. This room __________ (be) very large. </li></ul> <ul><li>4. He _________ (have) a headache right now. </li></ul> <ul><li>5. It ________ (rain) really hard right now.</li></ul> <ul><li>6. Where is John? He _______ (work).</li></ul> <ul><li>7. I ________ (meet) my friend in a few minutes. </li></ul> <ul><li>8. My family ________ (come) to San Diego often. </li></ul> <p> 21. </p> <ul><li>Answers! </li></ul> <ul><li>1.On Tuesdays , Igoto the gym. </li></ul> <ul><li>2. Karenis paintingher apartmentthis week . </li></ul> <ul><li>3. This roomisvery large.(fact) </li></ul> <ul><li>4. Hehasa headache right now.(stative) </li></ul> <ul><li>5. Itis rainingreally hardright now .</li></ul> <ul><li>6. Where is John? Heis working .(right now) </li></ul> <ul><li>7. Iam meetingmy friendin a few minutes . </li></ul> <ul><li>8. My familycomesto San Diegooften . </li></ul> <p> 22. </p> <ul><li>For more practice . . . </li></ul> <ul><li>1) Go to ourclass website : </li></ul> <ul><li>www.ecc6.blogspot.com </li></ul> <ul><li>2) On the right side, click onGrammar Site .Then click on330 . </li></ul> <ul><li>3) Click onGrammar , and then go down the page toVerbs .Click on theSimple Present or Present Continuous?for explanation and practice.</li></ul> <p> 23. </p> <ul><li>And . . . </li></ul> <ul><li>Remember to ask your teacher or another classmate if you need help. </li></ul> <ul><li>Your teacher can give you more explanation, examples, and exercises if you need them. </li></ul>