Present simple or present continuous!

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  • 1.

2.

  • PRESENT SIMPLE

3. Affirmative sentences: We use theinfinitiveof the verb. In the3 rdperson singular(he, she, it) we put an-s at the end of the infinitive. I/we/you/theyplayfootball. He/she/itplaysfootball. FORM 4. Negative sentences : We use the auxiliarydoor does (for the3 rdperson singular ) and the negative particlenot . I/we/you/theydonot play football. He/she/itdoes notplay football. 5. Questions : We use the auxiliarydoor does (for the3 rdperson singular ) and change the word order (auxiliary subject verb) DoI/we/you/they play football? Doeshe/she/it play football? 6. a)Add sfor most verbs work - works, buy - buys, ride - rides, return - returns b.)Add es for words that end in ch , - s, - sh , - x , or z . watch - watches, pass - passes, rush - rushes, relax - relaxes, buzz - buzzes c.)Change the yto i and add eswhen the base form ends in a consonant + y . study - studies, hurry - hurries, dry - driesDonotchange the ywhen the base form ends in a vowel + y . Add s play - plays, enjoy - enjoys d.) A few verbs haveirregular forms . be - is, do - does, go- goes, have - has SPELLING RULES FOR THE PRESENT SIMPLE 7. Use the present simple for: -Routines and habits . e.g. Maria smokes -Permanent actions . e.g. Pedro lives in Seville -Current facts or truths . e.g. The earth is round USE 8.

  • PRESENT CONTINUOUS

9. Affirmative sentences: We use a form ofto be(am, are or is), the infinitive of the verb and the endinging . Iamplay ingvolleyball. He/she/itisplay ingvolleyball.We/you/theyareplay ingvolleyball. FORM 10. Negative sentences : We use the negative particlenotafter the verbto beand then the infinitive + ing . Iam notplay ingvolleyball. He/she/itisnotplay ingvolleyball.We/you/theyare notplay ingvolleyball. 11. Questions : We use the verbto beas the auxiliary and change the word order (auxiliary subject verb) AmI play ingvolleyball? Ishe/she/it play ingvolleyball?Arewe/you/they play ingvolleyball? 12. SPELLING RULES FOR THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS a.) Add ing to the base form of the verb. read - reading, stand - standing, jump - jumping b.) If a verb ends in a silent e ,drop the final - eand add ing . leave - leaving, take - taking, receive - receiving c.) In a one-syllable word, if the last three letters are consonant-vowel-consonant (CVC),double the last consonant before adding ing . sit - sitting, run - running, hop - hopping However, donotdouble the last consonant in word that end inw, x,ory . sew - sewing, fix - fixing, enjoy - enjoying 13. d.) In words of two or more syllables that end in a consonant-vowel-consonant combination,double the last consonantonly if the last syllable is stressed. admit - admitting, regret - regretting e.) If a verb ends in ie ,change the ietoybefore adding - ing . die - dying 14. Use the present continuous for: -Actions in progress at the moment of speaking . e.g. Maria is smoking right now - Future plans . e.g. Im travelling to London next weekend USE 15.

  • ACTION AND
  • NON-ACTION VERBS
  • REMEMBER:
  • Action verbscan be used in the present simple and continuous butnon-action verbsarenotnormally usedin the present continuous

16.

  • Look! Peter ________ into the water.
    • jumps
    • is jumping
  • Once a week, I ________ to an art class at the college.
    • go
    • am going
  • Don't give Mary any cheese. She ________ it!
    • hates
    • is hating

17.

  • I ________ you're crazy!
    • think
    • am thinking
  • I ________ lunch in the cafeteria every day.
    • have
    • am having
  • I ________ to Toronto next Thursday. Do you want to come?
    • go
    • am going

18.

  • David is rich he ________ a Mercedes.
    • drives
    • is driving
  • Diana isn't Italian. I ________ she comes from France.
    • believe
    • am believing

19.

  • You won't find Jerry at home right now. He ________ in the library.
    • studies
    • is studying
  • It ________ quite hard perhaps we shouldn't go out tonight.
    • snows
    • is snowing

20. GO ON PRACTICING AT HOME -http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/simcon1.htm -http://www.usingenglish.com/quizzes/66.html -http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/tenses/simple_present_progressive2.htm -http://www.speakspeak.com/html/d3a001_grammar_beginners_present_simple_continuous.htm -http://a4esl.org/q/h/vm/sp_or_pc.html