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Section 4.Nation Building in Latin America

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Section 4.Nation Building in Latin America. Nationalist Revolts. Haiti-- Toussaint L’Ouverture leads first successful slave rebellion (against France). The Citadel in Haiti Fortress of L’Ouverture. South America. Leaders : Creoles angry about 2nd class status. Simon Bolivar. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Section 4.Nation Building in Latin America

  • Nationalist Revolts

  • Haiti--Toussaint LOuverture leads first successful slave rebellion (against France)

  • The Citadel in HaitiFortress of LOuverture

  • South AmericaLeaders: Creoles angry about 2nd class status

  • Simon Bolivar

  • 1821 ousted Spanish from Venezuela and Colombia

  • Jose de San Martin: 1822 ousted Spanish from Argentina, Chile and Peru

  • (Bolivar and Martin combined to remove last Spanish army in 1824. Bolivar created a temporary empire in South America. Martin left South America and died forgotten in France)

  • BrazilDom Pedro Braganca: 1822 son of Portuguese Emperor declared independence and became king of Brazil

  • Only King in the Western Hemisphere

  • Later abdicated to become King of PortugalHis son, Dom Pedro II became King of Brazil, but was later overthrown by the military

  • MexicoFather Hidalgo:

  • 1810 led Indian peasants in revolt against Spain. Revolt put down by Creoles

  • Agustin de Iturbide: 1821 Creole leader led Mexico to independence

  • After IndependenceMostly ruled by military dictators (Caudillos) Political instabilityPeasants remain poor

  • New ImperialismPolitical independence, butEurope and US dominate economies

  • European countries use force to collect loan payments

  • Political Change

  • The US in Latin America

  • The Monroe Doctrine 1823 No colonization in Latin America

  • Spanish-American War1895 Cubans revolt against Spain

  • 1898 US Battleship Maine explodes in Havana=War

  • USS Maine 1911http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/I?pan:1

  • USS Maine being towed out to sea 1911http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/I?pan:10:./temp/~ammem_pgqy::

  • Teddy Roosevelt in his Roughrider Uniformhttp://www.bartleby.com/55/i4.html

  • US frees Cuba, keeps Puerto Rico

  • The Panama Canal

  • US engineers Panamanian revolt against Colombia

  • Panama grants US Panama Canal Zone

  • 10 mile wide canal zone

  • Gatun Lockshttp://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/I?pan:2:./temp/~ammem_bJDM::displayType

  • Pres. Teddy Roosevelt pushes completion of canal by 1914

  • Roosevelt corollary (to the Monroe Doctrine)Only the US has the right to act as an international Police power in Latin America

  • Marines used to control Nicaragua, Dominican Republic, Cuba, and other countries

  • U.S. Military Action In Latin America

  • The Mexican Revolution

  • Santa Anna and the Mexican Warhttp://www.pbs.org/weta/thewest/people/s_z/santaanna.htm

  • President 4 times between 1835-55Driven from TexasWar with US after Annexation of TexasExiled to US

  • Benito Juarez and la ReformaIndian leader who fought for land and other reformsElected President in 1861 and 1867

  • French Control

    Emperor Maximilianhttp://www.austrian-mint.com/e/maxhist.html

  • 1862 Emperor Maximillian Hapsburg put on throne by Napoleon III1867 overthrown and executed

  • Cinco de Mayo celebrates a battle against the French (Puebla)

  • Porfirio Diaz

  • DictatorMexican upper classes prosperAmericans and English buy up assets

  • 1911 RevolutionStruggle for powerRevolutionary leaders:

  • PanchoVilla

  • Emiliano Zapata

  • Diaz ousted

  • US sends troops to Veracruz to help government

  • Villa attacks Columbus, NM: US troops invade Mexico to catch Villa (they fail)

  • War ends in 1919 1928 PRI takes over Mexico--in power until 2000

  • Economic Change in L.A.Increased prosperityRise of the Middle ClassMiddle Class sees US as model

  • Great Imperial Powers in 1900

  • Land EmpiresRussiaAustria OttomanChina

  • Overseas EmpiresBritain Italy France PortugalGermany USA Netherlands SpainDenmark Japan

  • The British Navy acts as worlds policeman

    European countries begin to clash over Colonial territory

  • The End

  • Sources4. Atlas of World History.Noel Grove.National Geographic 19979. Everyday Life Throughout the Ages. Michael Worth Davison.Readers Digest.199219. Transparency West Pub.. 199820. TransparencyMcDougall Littell. 1999

  • 21. Transparency A. J. Nystrom Inc.. 22. Transparency D. C. Heath25. World History, Patterns of Interactions. Beck, Black et. al..McDougall Littell. 199976. Revolution. Mark Almond. De Agonistini Editions.Ltd. London. 1996.

  • 79. World History Connections to Today. Elisabeth Ellis and Anthony Esler. Prentice Hall. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey. 1999.80. World History The Human Odyssey. Jackson Spielvogel. West Educational Publishing. Agorra Hills, CA. 1999.

  • Charge of the Light Brigade

  • I. Ottoman Empire fades

  • 1830 Greek Independence

  • A. Crimean War reveals weakness to Europe

  • C. Persia attempts to modernize1. Grants concessions to Britain and Russia for money

  • 2. Britain and Russia develop Spheres of Influence over parts of Persia