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  • 1.Creatures of the Sea Mrs. Trager's 8th Grade Internet Class

2. Chocolate Chip Starfish!! By: Braydan West

  • Scientific Name:Protoreaster Nodosus
    • Chocolate Chip Starfish can be found in the Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean and the Red Sea
    • They live in warm oceans or seas
    • They live in shallow tidal pools or reefs up to 100 feet deep
    • They feed on bacteria or the remains of dead fish or other animals
    • Starfish do not have mouths on the top of their bodies
    • Their mouths are on the bottom of their bodies
    • They cover their food with their bodies and push their food with their stomachs
    • Grow up to 5 to 25 inches long

Pisano , Jaclyn. "Chocolate Chip Starfish." (2004): n. pag. Web. 8 Feb 2011. ."Chocolate Chip Starfish."Chocolate Chip Starfish . Web. 8 Feb 2011. . 3. Sea Turtles By: Eva Sorensen

    • Beautiful
    • Endangered
    • Graceful
    • Eat jellyfish, seaweed, shrimp, crabs, algae, and small mollusks
    • Eggs are layed into the sand of close beaches
    • There are 7 different types of Sea Turtles
    • Most live in warm waters
    • Loggerhead Sea Turtles live in cold waters
    • All weigh at least 100 lbs.
    • Spend their entire life in the sea, except for when going to lay eggs
  • Badskin-Salzberg, Anita and Allen. "Sea Turtles." The following is a sample of the book: Turtles. N.p., n.d. WSeydenham S. R., Thomas. "Sea Turtles." animals. N.p., 2008. Web. 10 Feb 2011.
  • . eb. 10 Feb 2011. .
  • "Save the Sea Turtle foundation." Turtle blog. N.p., 2009. Web. 11 Feb 2011. .
  • How to help them:
    • Don't litter
    • Don't release balloons into the atmosphere
    • Don't turn beach lights on
    • Boat carefully
    • Adopt a Sea Turtle nest
    • Recycle
    • Donate to local marine specialists

4. Mandarin Fish By: Lily McNeil

    • Part of the dragonets species
    • One of the coral reefs fish with the most variety of color
    • Psychedelic colors
    • Very colorful, but hard to find
    • Live in groups from just two fish up to five
    • Usually found right before sundown
    • Scientific Name: Synchiropus Splendidus
    • Usually consume mysids, amiphods, isopods and benthic copepods
    • Do not have scales
    • Male is larger and more colorful than the female
    • The male also has long spikes along his dorsal fin for protection
  • "Mandarin Fish." New Approach To Dive 9/18/2006: 3. Web. 10 Feb 2011. .
  • Sewell, Terry. "Mandarin Fish ." Fishbowl DC. Media Bistro, 4/5/10. Web. 10 Feb 2011. .

5. Peacock Mantis Shrimp By: Sandra Murillo

    • Is found in the Pacific Ocean including Hawaii
    • It is not considered endangered
    • They live on coral reefs
    • They eat things like: clams, snails and crabs
    • It has the speed of 50-75mph
    • They can break aquarium glass
    • They are known as the harlequin mantis or a shrimp or painted mantis shrimp
    • They are predators
    • Peacock mantis shrimp is a hard pet to keep and not a lot of people have them as pets
    • The best way to feed the Peacock Mantis Shrimp is by feeding it live crabs
    • They are about a foot in a half in length
    • And are very interesting to watch smash everything

"Peacock Mantis Shrimp."Home | Oceana North America . Web. 09 Feb. 2011. . "Peacock Mantis Shrimp."Home | Oceana North America . Web. 09 Feb. 2011. .Web. 09 Feb. 2011. . 6. Dumbo Octopus By: Rory Cole

  • The Dumbo octopus or grimpoteuthis is one of the rarest species of octopus. They move by jet propulsion, using their eight arms, and, or moving their elephant-ear-like-flaps. By using all of these different methods of movement, the Dumbo octopus can hover or swim. They eat copepods bivalves and crustaceans. An interesting fact about Dumbo octopi is that they eat their prey whole. This kind of octopus can dive farther than any other octopus. They are seen most frequently at depths of 3,000-4,000 meters below sea level, but have been seen up to 7,000 meters below sea level.
  • Beccary . "Dumbo Octopus with elephant ears."Nature's Crusaders . N.p., 09/26/08. Web. 10 Feb 2011. .

7. The Puffer Fish By: Haylee Pettit

    • Puff up because they swallow large amounts of water and their elastic stomachs blow up like a balloon
    • More than 120 specimens of puffer fish in the world
    • Size ranges from 1 inch to over 2 feet
    • Do not have scales
    • Have pointy and tough skin
    • Have 4 sharp pointy teeth
    • Have teeth that are used for eating algae, clams, mussels and other shell fish with their birdlike beaks
    • Some are poisonous
    • Poisonous puffers are believed to get their deadly toxin from the bacteria in the animals they eat
  • Laughlin, Chris. " Pufferfish Tetraodontidae."National Geographic . National Geographic, n.d. Web. 9 Feb 2011. .

8. The Stingray By: Valeria Morse

    • Scientific Name: Dasytidae
    • Many have teeth so they can crunch mollusks like clams, oysters, and mussels
    • Live in the shallows of a temperate sea
    • Mouth, nostrils, and gills are positioned on its underbelly
    • Their appearance usually copies the seafloors shading, helping it hide from predatory sharks and larger rays
    • Spend the majority of their time inactive, hiding in the sand
    • Will swim close to divers and snorkelers without fear
    • Their tail has a poisonous barb, but is only used to protect themselves
    • Their tail is used to move around in the water, but its main purpose is for protection
  • "Stingrays, Stingray Pictures, Stingray Facts - National Geographic."Animals, Animal Pictures, Wild Animal Facts - National Geographic . National Geographic, 1996. Web. 09 Feb. 2011. . "Creative Commons Search."Creative Commons Search . Web. 09 Feb. 2011. .

9. Emperor Angelfish By: Bailey Cleven Scientific Name: Pomacanthus Imperator

    • Adults have a black band across their eyes to
  • confuse predators. They won't know which end
  • to attack.
    • Commonly grow up to 13 inches long
    • Can be found near ledges and caves in
  • rich coral growth
    • Live alone in reefs in the Pacific Ocean and
  • Red Sea
    • Eat sponges and sea squirts
    • To eat they use coarse teeth like bristles
  • on a brush to scrape their food off of rocks and
  • coral

"Emperor Angelfish."Shedd The World's Aquarium . John G. Shedd Aquarium , 2001-2006. Web. 9 Feb 2011. . "Emperor Angelfish." Marine Species Gallery . Web. 15 Feb 2011. . 10. Parrotfish(scaridae) By: Sierra Judd

    • Most of the food they eat is algae
    • If they get any coral when they eat the algae, it is crushed by the teeth in their throats so that they can get to the polyps, which are full of algae
    • Before they sleep at night, they coat themselves with mucus in order to cover up their scent to protect themselves from animals that hunt them
    • Related to the wrasse
    • If you see sand near a parrotfish it is most likely the coral that was not fully digested and then defecated
    • They change sex and appearance during their lifetime
    • Size: less than 1 foot to 4 feet (30-120 centimeters)