Creatures and Dangers at Sea Essential Questions: What are some of the creatures in the ocean? What are some of the creatures in the ocean? What sea creatures.
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Post on 24-Dec-2015
Slide 1 Creatures and Dangers at Sea Essential Questions: What are some of the creatures in the ocean? What are some of the creatures in the ocean? What sea creatures have been immortalized in literature and the arts? What sea creatures have been immortalized in literature and the arts? How do we evaluate information both online and in print? How do we evaluate information both online and in print? Slide 2 What Might You See on A Dive Into the Ocean? Sea urchins Shell fish Dolphins Sharks Whales Octopus Rays Slide 3 Oldest Class of Fish The most primitive fish-like animals are those with sucking mouths, such as lampreys and hagfishes, whose evolution stopped short of the development of biting jaws. Mainly bottom-dwellers, these animals are of great interest to zoologists, for many parts of their bodies show forms and functions that help to explain some of the evolutionary steps leading from low to advanced life forms. Slide 4 Largest and Smallest Fish The smallest fish is the tiny goby, an inhabitant of fresh-to- brackish-water lakes in Luzon, Philippines. It is less than 1/3 of an inch fully grown. The largest is the whale shark, which grows to more than 50 feet in length and may weigh several tons. Slide 5 How Many Different Species of Fish Are There? The most often quoted estimate is 20,000. There may be as many as 20,000 more. Slide 6 If Its on the Internet, Its True?!?! Slide 7 Some Sea Life is Considered Food for Humans Seafood prominently includes fish and shellfish Seafood is consumed all over the world; it provides the world's prime source of high-quality protein: 1416% of the animal protein consumed world- wide; over one billion people rely on seafood as their primary source of animal protein. Believe it or not, most of the seafood we eat does not come from the United States. Although we eat a lot of sustainably caught and farmed U.S. seafood, we import around 91 percent of the seafood we consume. About half of that seafood is farm-raised. Slide 8 How Old Can Lobster Be? No one has yet found a way to determine the exact age of a lobster. However, based on scientific knowledge of body size at age, the maximum age attained may approach 100 years. They can grow to be 3 feet or more in overall body length. Young lobster Slide 9 During Which Months Is It Safer to Eat Oysters? Eat oysters during the months without Rs Fresh oysters properly refrigerated can be wholesome and nutritious throughout the year. They can spoil rapidly at high temperatures even when refrigeration is used. However, while presence of the Vibrio vulnificus bacteria is higher in warmer months, according to the Department of Health and Human Service's Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), a full 40 percent of cases occur during colder months from September through April. Slide 10 Why Do Food Fish Sometimes Have a Strong Odor? For most species, truly fresh fish is almost odorless. Fish begin to smell "fishy" when deterioration sets in, often caused by incorrect storage practices that bring about the release of oxidized fats and acids through bacterial and enzymatic action. Slide 11 If I Eat Dolphin in a Restaurant, Am I Eating Flipper? Dolphins, like Flipper, are cetaceans (i.e., whales), which are mammals. This means they are toothed members of the whale family that breathe air. Dolphin fish are "bony fish", or teleost, that live in the open waters of the Atlantic and Pacific. They breathe underwater through their gills. Mahi-Mahi is the Hawaiian vernacular for the common dolphin fish (Coryphaena hippurus). So, not to worry, you did not eat Flipper! Slide 12 What would an ocean be without a monster lurking in the dark? It would be like sleep without dreams. by Werner Herzog Slide 13 What About Dangerous Sea Life? The Basis for an Aquatic Horror Story There are thousands of killer creatures that live in the water, both of the known variety and the unknown. Whether theres a known killer creature, mutants rising from the waters, or alien creatures from another planet, the fact is, because of the depth and vastness of the ocean and the fact that we dont really know about everything down there, it makes for great aquatic horror novels and films. Slide 14 What creatures can be dangerous to swimmers? The barracuda, sharks, moray eels, octopuses, and sharp-spined sea urchins can be dangerous to swimmers. The Portuguese man-of-war has tentacles up to 50 feet long with specialized cells that produce painful stings and welts on contact by swimmers. Sting rays, toadfish, catfish, and jellyfish can inflict damage on swimmers and waders. Slide 15 Many Horror Books and Movies Are Based on Sharks The most dangerous species in order of documented attack records are: the great white shark, bull shark, tiger shark, grey nurse shark, lemon shark, blue shark, sand tiger, several species of hammerheads, and the mako. Which are the most dangerous species of sharks? Slide 16 What attracts sharks? Sound, rather than sight or smell, seems to be a shark's primary cue for moving into an area. Some scientific experiments indicate that sharks can distinguish light colors from dark, and that they may even be able to distinguish colors. The colors yellow, white, and silver seem to attract sharks. Many divers maintain that clothing, fins, and tanks should be painted in dull colors to avoid shark attacks. Though blood itself may not attract sharks, its presence in combination with other unusual factors will excite the animals and make them more prone to attack. Slide 17 Is a Stone Crab Harmed When Its Large Claw is Broken Off for Food? Fisherman often break off the large claw and throw the crab back into the water. If the break is made at the first joint, the crab is not harmed. The stone crab can and does sever its own claw at the first joint (by muscular contraction) to escape from danger. It takes a year to grow back. Danger to humans? Slide 18 How Much Electricity Does an Electric Eel Produce? The average discharge is more than 350 volts, but discharges as high as 650 volts have been measured. Voltage increase until the eel is about three feet long, after which only amperage increases. Some South American eels measure 10 feet in Length. Danger to humans? Slide 19 Gathering Information: Is That Site Good Enough to Cite? There are billions of websites out there Many of them are not worthy of your time and dont belong in your bibliographies! Sometimes its very hard to tell treasure from trash. Sometimes Web developers dont want you to understand the difference. Why would that be true? Slide 20 Okay, so how do we know if a site is good? Yeah, and how can we be sure our teacher will think its good enough to cite? Slide 21 Think of CAARP C URRENCY A CCURACY A UTHORITY R ELEVANCE P URPOSE Slide 22 Look for Quality Information CURRENCY: When was this sources last updated? What clues show this? Is this date acceptable? ACCURACY: Is the language objective or opinionated? Whether objective or opinion, is the information supported by evidence? Does the information match any you have found? Are there spelling, grammar, or other typographical errors? AUTHORITY: Describe what you can find about the creators (or organization's) knowledge, expertise, or special interest on the subject? Does the URL reveal anything about the author or source? examples:.com.edu.gov.org.net RELEVANCE: Does the information relate to your topic or answer your question? Is the information at an appropriate level? PURPOSE: What is the purpose of the information? to inform? sell? entertain? persuade? Do the authors/sponsors make their purpose clear? Is there evidence of bias? Overall, does this site seem worthwhile to use? Slide 23 Guess What This Is They have been around for many years, as the earliest known of the species goes back 215 million years ago, which makes them even older than snakes and lizards. Unfortunately today some of the species are endangered. This is a reptile, and it is known for its shell that develops from its ribs to protects it from harm. Slide 24 What About the Whale in Moby Dick? Sperm whales, the largest toothed whales on the planet, are rarely studied because they spend so much time underwater. They are deep divers, holding their breath and diving thousands of feet down to feed on deep sea squid and fish. They spend 90% of their lives down deep where they can't be seen. Only rarely do these energetic animals take a break and rest at the surface. The Sperm Whale was the largest supplier of lamp oil in the 19th century before the later use of petroleum products. The harpoon having pierced vital organs does its deadly work and the whale eventually dies from its wounds a day later. Slide 25 Website Evaluation See if you can tell if the following website is bogus or untrustworthy or if it is authoritative. Dihydrogen Monoxide http://www.dhmo.org/ C URRENCY A CCURACY A UTHORITY R ELEVANCE P URPOSE Slide 26 Famous Mathematicians and Scientists Have Affected the Course of History Slide 27 Coming Soon! Oceans: Conservation and Our Future Slide 28 Begin your research! Slide 29 Storms that involve the ocean Hurricanes/Typhoons/Cyclones - Winds exceeding Force 12 (over 117km/h) can devastate anything that lies in their path. They are known as hurricanes in the Atlantic, typhoons in the North Pacific and cyclones in the Indian Ocean and around Australia. Tsunamis - caused by earthquakes and volcanic eruptions in the ocean Perfect storm a particularly violent storm arising from a rare combination of adverse meteorological factors. warm air from a low-pressure system coming from one direction, a flow of cool and dry air generated by a high-pressure from another direction, and tropical moisture provided by a hurricane Noreaster -A nor'easter is a type of massive cyclonic storm that forms within 100 miles (160 kilometers) of the United States' East Coast, traveling inland into the New England and Mid-Atlantic regions and reaching northward to the Atlantic-facing side of Canada. Slide 30 Disasters at Sea Titanic - hit an iceberg at 11:40 p.m. on the night of April 14, 1912 and sunk just over two-and-a-half hours later Lusitania Andrea Doria Atocha Bermuda Triangle - Over the past century, the Bermuda Triangle has been "swallowing" vessels and is blamed for the loss of hundreds of lives. The Bermuda Triangle is believed to be responsible for the mysterious disappearance of more than 50 ships and 20 airplanes over the past century, according to the U.S. Navy. Slide 31 The Titanic On April 10, 1912, the Titanic left England with about 2,200 people onboard. On April 14, a lookout spotted an iceberg right ahead. Titanic reversed her engines and tried to turn away, but it was too late. In 1985, a crew led by Dr. Robert Ballard discovered the wreck of the Titanic. She remains on the ocean floor 323 nautical miles from the southern coast of Newfoundland. Slide 32 The Lusitania In 1915 during WW1, the British passenger ship Lusitania was heading from New York to Liverpool, loaded with civilian passengers. Six days into her voyage, a German submarine spotted her and fired a torpedo without warning. The torpedo struck the ship and caused a second explosion onboard. The ship sank in 20 minutes off the southern coast of Ireland, killing approximately 1,200 people. Years after the incident, British documents revealed that the ship was in fact carrying munitions for the Allies. Slide 33 Andrea Doria After the Titanic, the sinking of the Andrea Doria was the most dramatic peacetime sea disaster of the 20th century. Fifty years ago, on July 25, 1956, a collision with another ship doomed the Italian passenger liner and triggered a frantic rescue effort for the more than 1,700 people on board. Slide 34 The Atocha In 1622, the Atocha was part of Spain's "treasure fleet" and ran regular missions from Spain to the South American colonies. She carried supplies for the colonists and returned to Spain with payment in the form of gold and silver. Of the fleet, Atocha carried the most cargo and so carried soldiers onboard to defend her treasure from pirates. She sat helpless off the Florida Keys during a bad storm until a massive wave picked her up and sent her crashing down onto a coral reef. The sunken ship was never found until 1985, by Mel Fisher. Slide 35 Bermuda Triangle The Bermuda Triangle is a region in the western part of the North Atlantic Ocean in which ships, planes, and people are alleged to have mysteriously vanished. The majority of Atlantic tropical storms and hurricanes pass through the Bermuda Triangle, and in the days prior to improved weather forecasting, these dangerous storms claimed many ships.
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