sea creatures - look closer dk
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Sea creaturesLook Closero o
A Dorling Kindersley Book
LONDON, NEW YORK, MUNICH,
MELBOURNE, and DELHI
Text by Sue MalyanEditor Caroline Bingham
Senior art editor Janet AllisPublishing manager Susan LeonardManaging art editor Clare Shedden
Jacket design Simon OonPicture researcher Sarah Mills
Production Luca BazzoliDTP Designer Almudena Díaz
First published in Great Britain in 2005 byDorling Kindersley Limited
80 Strand, London WC2R 0RL
A Penguin Company
2 4 6 8 10 9 7 5 3 1
Copyright © 2005 Dorling Kindersley Limited, London
A CIP catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library.
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system,or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying,
recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the copyright owner.
Colour reproduction by Colourscan, SingaporePrinted and bound in China by Hung Hing
Discover more atwww.dk.com
Look out for us. We willshow you the size of every
animal in this book.
6 Mobile home
8 An inky trail
10 Feeling my way
12 Crusty crab
14 Look! No head!
16 Snappy shells
18 Look! No arms!
20 Sea stars
22 Open wide!
23 Index and
Mobile homeThis hermit crab dragsits home wherever itgoes. It finds a shell tolive in, then hides insidewith just its head andfront legs poking out.
This shell once belongedto a whelk. It was just theright size, so I moved in.
This hermit crab’s bodyreaches up to 10 cm (4 in) in length. As itgrows, it findslarger shells to move into.
Did you know...... If a hermit crab is scared, ithides in its shell. It uses its biggest
pincer to nip an attacker.
7I can see all aroundbecause my eyesare on stalks.
Mmm, a deadfish - just what I fancy for mybreakfast.
An inky trailWhoosh! An octopus has been startled, so it has squirted a cloud ofblack ink into the water.Now it shoots off to hide in its home under a pile of rocks.
I suck in water, thensquirt it out of this funnelto push me along.
I use my arms towalk and to catchcrabs and shellfishfor my dinner.
Thiscommonoctopus is 1 m (3 ft)long.
This is my eye. My pupil is slit-shaped, not round like yours.
Did you know...9
I grip my preywith these rowsof suckers.
... An octopus can change colour.If it is frightened it
turns white, and if it is angry it
Feeling my wayThis strawberry shrimp lives on a coral reef, hiding amongthe corals or in a burrow inthe sand. Its long feelers, or antennae, help it to find food.
I use my claws forpicking up food anddigging in the sand.If I lose a claw, I cangrow another one.
This shrimp is 5 cm (2 in)long. It is alsocalled a bloodor fire shrimp.
Did you know...... Fish visit thisshrimp to be
cleaned up. Theshrimp eats the tinycreatures that live
on their scales.
My skeleton growson the outside of mybody, like a shell.
I have two pairs ofantennae to helpme find food.
Crusty crabScuttling around a rockpool, a pie-crust crab islooking for food. It gets itsname from the top partof its shell, which lookslike the pastry on a pie.
The colours of my shellhelp me to hide amongthe pebbles.
I have two hugepincers forgrabbing my food.
An adult pie-crust crabmeasures about15 cm (6 in)
across its shell.That’s about the size of your hand.
I eat shrimps and mussels. My mouth is sharp to help mebite through their shells.
Did you know...13
... During her life, the
female crab lays atleast three millioneggs. Only a few
survive to be adults.
The world’s largest sea cucumber is about 2 m (6 ft) long.Most are smaller. This
one is about 12 cm(5 in) long.
I use the sticky tentaclesaround my mouth tocatch my food.
This strange-looking animalis a sea cucumber. It has nohead or eyes, just a mouthand a flexible body.
Look! No head!
I feel around for tinyplants and animals.
My mouth is hidden in the middle of my tentacles.
Did you know...15
These tiny tubes are myfeet. I use them to pushmyself along slowly.
... A sea cucumber
breathes throughits bottom! It usesthe same hole tobreathe and get
rid of waste.
p ric kly
Snappy shellsLying on the seabed, a group of queen scallops are waiting fortheir next meal to float past. Theytrap tiny plants in the wavinghairs around their shells.
Did you know...
... You can tell a scallop’s age by
counting the ridgeson its shell. Themore ridges, the
older it is.
I swim along by opening andshutting my shell, a bit likeyou clapping your hands.
open, shut, open, shut
I’ve got rows of eyes,but I can’t see well. I only sense light andthings that move.
These queen scallopsreach 9 cm
(3 1⁄2 in).
Look! No arms!These seahorses live on acoral reef. They can changecolour to match the corals,which helps them to hide.
I hang ontight withmy tail.
These ones willgrow to just12 cm (5 in)in length.
I can suck up whole shrimp in my mouth, which isshaped like a straw.
Did you know...... Seahorses
eat all day long. A young one can
hoover up as manyas 3,500 shrimp
in one day!
19I move around bybeating the fin on myback, and I steer withtwo fins on my head.
I’m a grape coral. Don’t touch me, or I’ll sting you with mypoisonous tentacles.
Sea starsDid you know that if astarfish or a brittle starloses an arm, they justgrow another?
I’m called a brittle star. I move around by wrigglingmy arms from side to side.
This scarletserpentbrittle star’sarms reach15 cm (6 in).
I’m too spiny to eat!
I trap shrimp and otherfood in the spinesalong my arms.
Did you know...... Starfish eatmussels and
scallops. They pulltheir victims’ shells
apart with theirstrong arms.
I have an eyeon the end ofeach arm.
Open wide!This beautifully coloured shellbelongs to a giant blue clam.It can open and shut its shell,but it can’t moveabout.
At 15 cm (6 in),this clam is quite small, butgiant clams cangrow to be 1 m (3 ft) across.
u irt !
My greenpatches aretiny plantscalled algae.I eat them!
Did you know...
... Sometimes ablue clam makes apearl. It can growto be as big as a
23I open my shell to feed,and shut it tight if I am frightened.
I suck in waterand flush outwaste throughtwo big tubescalled siphons.
algae 23antennae 11brittle star 19clam 22coral 19crab
pie-crust 12-13hermit 6-7
fin 19hermit crab 6-7ink 8octopus 8-9
pie-crust crab 12-13pincers 7, 12scallops 16-17sea cucumber 14-15sea horses 18-19shell 6, 7, 12, 16, 22shrimp 10-11siphon 23starfish 21suckers 9tentacles 14, 15, 19
GlossaryAlgae are simple plants.Seaweeds are types of algae.
Antennae feelers that acreature uses to sense where it is or to find food.
Coral is made up of tinyanimals called polyps. Millionsof polyps join together to forma coral reef.
Fin a flattened limb used byfish to move or changedirection.
Pearl a hard, round substance.A pearl forms inside somemolluscs around a grain of sand.
Poison a liquid or othersubstance that kills or harmsan animal if the animaltouches or eats it.
Suckers cup-shaped padsthat stick to surfaces, helpinga creature to grip.
Siphon a tube that a seacreature uses to suck in orsend out seawater.
Tentacles a long arm usedfor touching, feeding, andsmelling.