present simple present continuous simple collocation present simple present continuous do, go, and...
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Tense Structures Present Simple Present Continuous
Do, Go, and Play Simple Collocation
/s/, /z/, and /iz/
Conjunctions (and, or, so, but, because)
4a Adventurers of the year
1 Read the article. Complete the diagram with the phrases (1–6).
Edurne Pasaban Steven Shoppman
1. born in the USA 4. is famous
2. travelled round the world 5. finished the adventure
3. qualified in engineering 6. loves adventure
Grammar Past Simple
บอกเล่า (Affirmative) S + V.2
ปฏิเสธ (Negative) S + did + not + V.inf
คำถาม (Interrogative) Did + S + V.inf?
ADVENTURE of the YEAR
EVERY YEAR, READERS OF NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE VOTE FOR THEIR ADVENTURERS OF THE YEAR. HERE ARE TWO OF THEM.
THE ROAD TRIPPERS
As a child, Edurne Pasaban lived in the mountainous Basque region of Spain and
she climbed her first mountain when she was fourteen. At university, she studied
engineering but she didn't want a nine-to-five job. In May 2010 she finished her
biggest challenge, to climb the world's fourteen tallest mountains. Nowadays she
is famous for her many climbing achievements, However, she didn't climb in order
to become famous. She says, 'For me, adventure is a way of life.'
Steven Shoppman and Stephen Bouey were old friends who grew up together in
Denver. But they knew each other a lot better after their adventure. They both
had an ambition to go on a road trip round the world. From 2007 to 2010, they
drove through 69 different countries during their 122,000-kilometre journey and had
many adventures. They took a big risk when they went across a minefield (see
photo). They also got help from lots of people and they found that the world
wasn't as dangerous as they thought!
เดิมทีใน Present Simple ถ้าเราเจอ V.to be เรามักใช้ is, am, หรือ are
แต่หากเป็นใน Past Simple เราจะใช้ was หรือ were แทน
Present Simple She is my assistant.
Past Simple She was my assistant 3 years ago.
Present Simple You are the apple of my eyes.
Past Simple You were my boyfriend.
Use of Past Simple
1. เราใช้ Past Simple กับเร่ืองราวที่จบลงแล้วในอดีต (Completed Actions/Events) Examples: I graduated from the university 2 years ago.
Last night, you were in my room.
Did we go to the same university?
My supervisor left so early this afternoon.
I simply forgot about the meeting this morning.
2. Past Simple สามารถนำมาใช้กับเหตุการณ์ที่เป็นเร่ืองจริงในอดีตได้ Examples: Ayutthaya was the capital city of Thailand.
Lu bu was dubbed as the flying General.
Obama was the president of the U.S.A.
โดยปกติแล้ว Past Simple มักมี Adverb ที่นิยมใช้ด้วยดังนี ้
Adverb of Time (บอกเวลา)
last … (…ที่แล้ว) yesterday (เม่ือวานนี้)
this morning (เม่ือเช้านี้) … ago (…ที่แล้ว)
previous … (…ที่แล้ว) previously (ก่อนหน้านี้)
in the past (ในอดีต) once (คร้ังหนึ่ง)
in the old days (ในวันเก่า) in + ปี (เม่ือปี...)
Past Simple in Negative Sentences
โครงสร้าง: S + did + not + V.infinitive
1. หลัง did ต้องตามด้วยกริยาไม่ผันรูป (V. infinitive = Base form) Examples: He didn’t come to the party last night.
We didn’t have the meeting yesterday.
Troy did not receive a promotion last year.
Past Simple in Interrogative Sentences
did + S + V. infinitive?
for the meeting?
Examples: Why didn’t you come to the party last night?
Did you have breakfast?
When did Henry meet Jane?
Did the auditor submit her report?
1. ถ้าประโยคคำถามขึ้นด้วย Question words มักตอบเป็นคำตอบเฉพาะ แต่หาก ขึ้นต้นด้วย Did มักตอบเป็น Yes/No
Examples: Did you prepare for the morning session?
Yes, I did.
Why did Sarah decide to quit her job?
She felt uncomfortable with her colleagues.
5 Find the past tense form of these irregular verbs in The road trippers section
of the article in Exercise 1.
1. be was / were 6. grow up
2. drive 7. have
3. find 8. know
4. get 9. take
5. go 10. think
6 Complete the text about another adventurer with the past simple form
of the verbs.
Reza was born (be born) in Tabriz, Iran, in 1952. He …………...(study)
architecture at the university in Tehran but he ……………. (not/become) an
architect. When he was a teenager, Reza …………...(love) photography and,
after university, he …………...(get) a job with a local newspaper as a
photographer. But he …………... (not/ want) to take photos of local news and
in 1978 he ……………. (go) abroad and he …………. (take) photos of wars.
Nowadays he works for National Geographic magazine.
4b The survivors
Vocabulary and Speaking: Personal Qualities
2 Read the sentences and comments (1-8) about this kind of expedition.
What kind of personal quality does each describe? Match these adjectives
to the sentences.
ambitious careful decisive determined
experienced intelligent patient reliable
1 ‘The leader of our team has climbed in the Himalayas many times before
in his thirty years as a mountaineer.'
2 'Whatever the risk, we always achieved our goal. Nothing stopped us.'
3 'Even as a child, I wanted to be the best at everything.’
4 'It's important to plan before any expedition.'
5 'When the weather is really bad, you have to wait. There's no point in
taking stupid risks.'
6 'Everyone in the team always has to be there for each other. You won't
survive without each other's help and support.'
7 'He has a quick brain and you need that for this kind of expedition.'
8 'The leader is the person who makes the final decision and everyone has
Grammar Past Continuous
บอกเล่า (Affirmative) S + was, were + V.ing
ปฏิเสธ (Negative) S + was, were + not + V.ing
คำถาม (Interrogative) Was, Were + S + V.ing?
Past Continuous in Affirmative and Negative Sentences
Paul was swimming in the pool.
He was talking on the phone.
You were reading the book.
1. Past Continuous ใช้กับเหตกุารณ์ที่กระทำอยู่ ณ ขณะนัน้หรือเจาะจงเวลาในอดีต (Specific time in the past)
Affirmative & Negative
Examples: At 5:30 p.m. Zack was watching the TV at my house.
At 8:30 p.m. she was having dinner at the restaurant.
We were having an altercation when Tony came.
When I arrived, John was sleeping on the couch.
2. เราใช้ Past Continuous คู่กับ Past Simple เม่ือเหตุการณ์หนึ่งดำเนนิอยู่ในอดีต และอีกเหตุการณ์หนึ่งเข้าแทรก (PC เกิด PS เสือก)