present simple present continuous simple collocation present simple present continuous do, go, and...

Download Present Simple Present Continuous Simple Collocation Present Simple Present Continuous Do, Go, and Play

Post on 10-Feb-2020

25 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • Tense Structures Present Simple Present Continuous

    Do, Go, and Play Simple Collocation

    /s/, /z/, and /iz/

    Conjunctions (and, or, so, but, because)

  • 4a Adventurers of the year

    Reading

    1 Read the article. Complete the diagram with the phrases (1–6).

    Edurne Pasaban Steven Shoppman

    1. born in the USA 4. is famous

    2. travelled round the world 5. finished the adventure

    3. qualified in engineering 6. loves adventure

    both

  • Grammar Past Simple

    โครงสร้างของประโยค

    บอกเล่า (Affirmative) S + V.2

    ปฏิเสธ (Negative) S + did + not + V.inf

    คำถาม (Interrogative) Did + S + V.inf?

    ADVENTURE of the YEAR

    EVERY YEAR, READERS OF NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE VOTE FOR THEIR ADVENTURERS OF THE YEAR. HERE ARE TWO OF THEM.

    THE MOUNTAINEER

    THE ROAD TRIPPERS

    As a child, Edurne Pasaban lived in the mountainous Basque region of Spain and

    she climbed her first mountain when she was fourteen. At university, she studied

    engineering but she didn't want a nine-to-five job. In May 2010 she finished her

    biggest challenge, to climb the world's fourteen tallest mountains. Nowadays she

    is famous for her many climbing achievements, However, she didn't climb in order

    to become famous. She says, 'For me, adventure is a way of life.'

    Steven Shoppman and Stephen Bouey were old friends who grew up together in

    Denver. But they knew each other a lot better after their adventure. They both

    had an ambition to go on a road trip round the world. From 2007 to 2010, they

    drove through 69 different countries during their 122,000-kilometre journey and had

    many adventures. They took a big risk when they went across a minefield (see

    photo). They also got help from lots of people and they found that the world

    wasn't as dangerous as they thought!

  • Grammar Note

    เดิมทีใน Present Simple ถ้าเราเจอ V.to be เรามักใช้ is, am, หรือ are

    แต่หากเป็นใน Past Simple เราจะใช้ was หรือ were แทน

    Examples:

    Present Simple She is my assistant.

    Past Simple She was my assistant 3 years ago.

    Present Simple You are the apple of my eyes.

    Past Simple You were my boyfriend.

    Use of Past Simple

    1. เราใช้ Past Simple กับเร่ืองราวที่จบลงแล้วในอดีต (Completed Actions/Events) Examples: I graduated from the university 2 years ago.

    Last night, you were in my room.

    Did we go to the same university?

    My supervisor left so early this afternoon.

    I simply forgot about the meeting this morning.

    2. Past Simple สามารถนำมาใช้กับเหตุการณ์ที่เป็นเร่ืองจริงในอดีตได้ Examples: Ayutthaya was the capital city of Thailand.

    Lu bu was dubbed as the flying General.

    Obama was the president of the U.S.A.

  • Grammar Note

    โดยปกติแล้ว Past Simple มักมี Adverb ที่นิยมใช้ด้วยดังนี ้

    Adverb of Time (บอกเวลา)

    last … (…ที่แล้ว) yesterday (เม่ือวานนี้)

    this morning (เม่ือเช้านี้) … ago (…ที่แล้ว)

    previous … (…ที่แล้ว) previously (ก่อนหน้านี้)

    in the past (ในอดีต) once (คร้ังหนึ่ง)

    in the old days (ในวันเก่า) in + ปี (เม่ือปี...)

    Past Simple in Negative Sentences

    โครงสร้าง: S + did + not + V.infinitive

    1. หลัง did ต้องตามด้วยกริยาไม่ผันรูป (V. infinitive = Base form) Examples: He didn’t come to the party last night.

    We didn’t have the meeting yesterday.

    Troy did not receive a promotion last year.

    I

    you

    we

    they

    slept

    walked

    were

    had

    he

    she, it

    drove

    died

    Affirmative Negative

    I

    you

    we

    they

    he

    she, it

    didn't

    (did not)

    didn't

    (did not)

    sleep

    walk

    be

    have

  • Past Simple in Interrogative Sentences

    did + S + V. infinitive?

    What

    Where

    How often

    When

    Why

    did

    did

    did

    did

    Did

    were

    you

    she

    Andy

    it

    you

    you

    do

    go?

    meet

    happen?

    prepare

    so late

    last night?

    Sarah?

    for the meeting?

    this morning?

    Examples: Why didn’t you come to the party last night?

    Did you have breakfast?

    When did Henry meet Jane?

    Did the auditor submit her report?

    1. ถ้าประโยคคำถามขึ้นด้วย Question words มักตอบเป็นคำตอบเฉพาะ แต่หาก ขึ้นต้นด้วย Did มักตอบเป็น Yes/No

    Examples: Did you prepare for the morning session?

    Yes, I did.

    Why did Sarah decide to quit her job?

    She felt uncomfortable with her colleagues.

    5 Find the past tense form of these irregular verbs in The road trippers section

    of the article in Exercise 1.

    1. be was / were 6. grow up

    2. drive 7. have

    3. find 8. know

    4. get 9. take

    5. go 10. think

  • 6 Complete the text about another adventurer with the past simple form

    of the verbs.

    THE PHOTOGRAPHER

    Reza was born (be born) in Tabriz, Iran, in 1952. He …………...(study)

    architecture at the university in Tehran but he ……………. (not/become) an

    architect. When he was a teenager, Reza …………...(love) photography and,

    after university, he …………...(get) a job with a local newspaper as a

    photographer. But he …………... (not/ want) to take photos of local news and

    in 1978 he ……………. (go) abroad and he …………. (take) photos of wars.

    Nowadays he works for National Geographic magazine.

    4b The survivors

    Vocabulary and Speaking: Personal Qualities

    2 Read the sentences and comments (1-8) about this kind of expedition.

    What kind of personal quality does each describe? Match these adjectives

    to the sentences.

    ambitious careful decisive determined

    experienced intelligent patient reliable

    1 ‘The leader of our team has climbed in the Himalayas many times before

    in his thirty years as a mountaineer.'

    2 'Whatever the risk, we always achieved our goal. Nothing stopped us.'

    3 'Even as a child, I wanted to be the best at everything.’

    4 'It's important to plan before any expedition.'

  • 5 'When the weather is really bad, you have to wait. There's no point in

    taking stupid risks.'

    6 'Everyone in the team always has to be there for each other. You won't

    survive without each other's help and support.'

    7 'He has a quick brain and you need that for this kind of expedition.'

    8 'The leader is the person who makes the final decision and everyone has

    to agree.'

    Grammar Past Continuous

    โครงสร้างของประโยค

    บอกเล่า (Affirmative) S + was, were + V.ing

    ปฏิเสธ (Negative) S + was, were + not + V.ing

    คำถาม (Interrogative) Was, Were + S + V.ing?

    Past Continuous in Affirmative and Negative Sentences

    Examples:

    Paul was swimming in the pool.

    He was talking on the phone.

    You were reading the book.

    1. Past Continuous ใช้กับเหตกุารณ์ที่กระทำอยู่ ณ ขณะนัน้หรือเจาะจงเวลาในอดีต (Specific time in the past)

    Affirmative & Negative

    I

    you

    we they

    he

    she

    it

    was (not)

    were (not)

    was (not)

    crying

    smiling

    (V.ing)

  • Examples: At 5:30 p.m. Zack was watching the TV at my house.

    At 8:30 p.m. she was having dinner at the restaurant.

    We were having an altercation when Tony came.

    When I arrived, John was sleeping on the couch.

    2. เราใช้ Past Continuous คู่กับ Past Simple เม่ือเหตุการณ์หนึ่งดำเนนิอยู่ในอดีต และอีกเหตุการณ์หนึ่งเข้าแทรก (PC เกิด PS เสือก)