Overview of Educational Psychology What is Educational Psychology? Educational psychology is the study of human behavior applied to the teaching and.

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  • Chapter 1

    The Study of Educational Psychology

  • Overview of Educational PsychologyWhat is Educational Psychology?

    Educational psychology is the study of human behavior applied to the teaching and learning processHuman behavior is an individuals action in a given situation

    Educational psychology relies heavily on findings generated through the scientific method of research

    Knowledge about educational settings and behaviors informs teaching practices2011 Cengage Learning.All Rights Reserved.

  • Reasons to Study Human BehaviorBehavior is dynamic, complex, and occurs at a rapid and continuous pace.Behavior follows patterns and can be predictable.Some regularities are known to most people. (ex. Crying child consoled by caregiver)Some regularities are:SubtleDifficult to analyzeNot attended toThe science of psychology helps to systematically notice and explain behavior.2011 Cengage Learning.All Rights Reserved.

  • Three Applications of Psychology to EducationProvides model of teaching a learning process

    Integrates principles of classroom management

    Provides perspectives on the causes of behavior

    2011 Cengage Learning.All Rights Reserved.

  • Six Characteristics of classroom environment (according to Doyle, 1996)MultidimensionalSimultaneous ImmediateUnpredictablePublicHistory2011 Cengage Learning.All Rights Reserved.

  • Factors that impact learning?http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ws5tZ59JDDk

  • Transactional Model of TeachingMany Factors combine to influence student achievement.FamilyStudent/Teacher characteristicsStudent/Teacher behaviorCommunitySchool/State policies

    2011 Cengage Learning.All Rights Reserved.

  • Classroom managementhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0WXhtyVs9Gk

  • Good Classroom ManagementFour basic assumptions:

    Rules need to be understood and accepted

    Engage students in meaningful activities

    Establish a productive learning environment vs. one that focuses on behavior control.

    Develop inner self-control in students2011 Cengage Learning.All Rights Reserved.

  • Tenants of ScienceScience is the identification, description, and exploration of naturally occurring phenomena

    Observation is the process of recording something

    Questions are phrased in a way that they are testable

    Hypothesis is a proposed answer to research question

    Replication increases confidence by yielding same results

    Parsimony in which the simpler of two theories is preferred

    2011 Cengage Learning.All Rights Reserved.

  • Facts, Principles, and TheoriesFactsDisconnected pieces of information

    PrinciplesExpand upon and connect several facts

    TheoriesComprehensive collections of principlesSubsume many factsBroad-basedExplanations have wide application

    2011 Cengage Learning.All Rights Reserved.

  • Theories should haveInternal validityExternal validty

  • Types of Research2011 Cengage Learning.All Rights Reserved.

  • ExperimentalIndependent variableDependent variableRandom assignmentControl groupOften preferable but not always possible why?

  • Single subjectWhy would this be used?Baseline phaseTreatment phase

  • Correlational Correlational coefficient - > 40 is generally explorable-10 +1

  • Observational/ QualitativeParticipant observer

  • Teacher-Initiated researchHow can you use your own ongoing research to aid you in being an effective teacher?

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