noun phrase for efl classes

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  • NOUN PHRASEBy:Parmilah, S.Pd.

    SMA NEGERI 1 KASIHANBANTUL

  • What to find out here?What is a noun?What is a noun phrase?How are they different?How to make an English noun phrase?Where to put it in the sentence?

  • Noun vs Noun PhraseExample 1

    NounNoun PhraseBagBeautiful bagA beautiful bagA very beautiful bagA very beautiful small bagTwo very beautiful small bags

  • Noun vs Noun PhraseExample 2

    NounNoun PhraseStudentSmart studentThe smart studentThe smart and diligent studentThe very smart and diligent studentThe very smart and diligent Indonesian student

  • Noun vs Noun PhraseExample 3

    NounNoun PhraseManYoung man The young manThe young handsome man with blue tieThe young handsome man on the cornerThe young handsome man who is standing near the cornerThree young handsome men who are standing near the corner

  • Noun vs Noun PhraseExample 4

    NounNoun PhraseRegulationGovernment regulationNew government regulationThe new government regulation on income taxes

  • What is your conclusion?What is a noun?And what is a noun phrase?

  • Here are the answers:Noun is a single word representing both concrete objects (e.g. people, animals, things, places) and abstract objects (e.g. beauty, intelligence, wisdom, idea). Noun phrase is a noun that appears with some other words which function to modify that noun. (So, it is a group of words with one noun as the headword.)

  • Notes:The modified noun is called HEAD NOUN or simply HEAD. The other words that modify the head noun are called MODIFIERS.

  • Modifiers include: Numbers: two, three, first, etc.Articles: a, an, theDeterminers: this, that, those, some, manyAdjectives: smart, beautiful, small, red, new, etc.Possessive adjectives: my, his, their, etc.Noun: government (in government regulation)Prepositional phrases: on the corner, with blue tieAdjective clause: who is standing near the corner

  • Numbers, articles, determiners, adjectives, possessive pronouns, and nouns are placed before the head noun. Prepositional phrases and adjective clauses are placed after the head noun.

  • After you understand what a noun phrase is, now identify the position of the noun phrase in a sentence.

  • Here is the answer:We can place the noun phrase in one of these positions: 1. Subject 2. Object 3. Subject Complement.

  • Noun Phrase as SubjectThe young handsome man who is standing near the corner is our new English teacher. A new government regulation on immigration has been signed by the President.

  • Noun Phrase as ObjectI have never met the young handsome man who is standing near the corner before. Who is he? The President has signed a new government regulation on immigration.

  • Noun Phrase as Subject ComplementThe young handsome man who is standing near the corner is our new English teacher. Lucia is a very active and responsive student.

  • You get it?Now do the exercises below to see how well you understand this lesson.

  • Exercise No. 1Arrange the following words to make a noun phrase.

    Mobile phone new a cute Kids very little three naughtySMA Tirtonirmolo the friendly headmaster wise new of - and

  • Exercise No.2Make three sentences for each of those noun phrases. (Place them as Subject, Object, and Subject Complement .)

  • Exercise No.3Make a noun phrase with the head noun: hotel. The noun phrase should consist of at least five words (including the headnoun). Now make three sentences with that noun phrase. Place your noun phrase as (1) Subject, (2) Object, and (3) Subject Complement.

  • No.4Seorang laki-laki tua berambut ikal datang menghampiri seorang bocah laki-laki berusia tiga tahun yang sedang bermain di halaman rumahnya.

  • No.5Seorang siswa (perempuan) berambut hitam panjang dengan pita merah di rambutnya sedang berjalan menuju kantin sekolah yang berada di pojok barat.

  • No. 6Materi tentang Noun Phrase yang diajarkan oleh Bu Ami telah membantu saya membuat kalimat berbahasa Inggris yang lebih baik.

  • No. 7Nama-nama calon menteri kabinet Jokowi sudah dirilis beberapa hari yang lalu melalui berbagai media komunikasi lokal maupun internasional.

  • No. 8Kurikulum Pendidikan 2013 yang dibuat oleh Kementerian Pendidikan Republik Indonesia tahun ini telah menimbulkan banyak kebingungan di kalangan pendidik maupun siswa.

  • Hopefully now you can make and understand longer sentences better than before.

    Wassalam...With Love,

    Ms. Ami

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