power point noun clause & phrase

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  1. 1. NouN Clauses A clause is a structure that has a subject and a verb. There are two kinds of clauses: independent and dependent. An independent clause is a main clause and expresses a complete thought. It is a sentence. A dependent clause is not a complete sentence. It must be part of an independent clause.
  2. 2. Mary is a student. (independent clause) What were you doing? (independent clause) What you were doing (dependent clause) I saw what you were doing. (dependent clause) Where is your book? (independent clause) I know where your book is. (dependent clause)
  3. 3. A phrase is a group of words that doesnt contain a subject and verb. A noun phrase is used as the subject or object in a sentence. This book was published last year. (noun phrase/subject) I read this book. (noun phrase/object) NouN Phrase
  4. 4. A noun clause has a subject and verb. It is used as the subject or object in a sentence. A noun clause is a dependent clause that works like a noun. You can find it as a subject or object. I read what she wrote. What she wrote is interesting. Some are internal: Fears, Worries, etc. NouN Clause
  5. 5. Wh- clauses begin with words like who, what, how, whenever, which, etc. I need to explain what a noun clause is. I don't know where Mary lives. Tell me how old she is. First, you need to explain what a noun clause is. What is a noun clause? Where does Mary live? How old is she? NouN Clauses BegiNNiNg with QuestioN words
  6. 6. Questions What do you do in class? Where does he work? What should I do? Who are they? What happened? Noun Clauses What we do in class is easy. Where he works is a secret. I dont know what you should do. Mary knows who they are. She knows what happened.
  7. 7. NouN Clauses BegiNNiNg with whether or if When a Yes/No question is changed to a noun clause, whether or if is used to introduce the noun clause. I don't know whether youhave studied noun clauses before. I don't know if you have studied noun clauses before. I wonder if it will rain tomorrow. I wonder if it will rain tomorrow or not. I wonder whether or not Mary went to work yesterday. I wonder whether Mary went to work yesterday or not. Whether he invites her or not is important.
  8. 8. QuestioN words followed By iNfiNitive Question words (when, where, how, who, whom, whose, what, which) and whether may be followed by an infinitive. My mother told me where to go. My mother told me where I should go. He cant decide whether to accept the offer or not. He cant decide whether he should accept the offer or not. Please tell me how to operate this machine. Please tell me how I could operate this machine.
  9. 9. NouN Clauses BegiNNiNg with that I think that the war will end soon. object of the verb think I think the war will end soon. I know (that) he will be successful. Teachers claim that grammar is fun. That Mary studied very hard was obvious to John. (That Mary studied very hard) is the subject of the sentence. That pollution affects the quality of our lives is obvious. It is obvious that pollution affects the quality of our lives. That he is still alive is a miracle. It is a miracle that he is still alive.
  10. 10. Once you have gone to class, return to the chapter to read it again more thoroughly. Compare the notes that you took in class, to those that you took from your reading. Do you still have questions about the subject? If you can not find the answers in your text the 2nd time through, arrive to the next class early and ask your instructor prior to class.
  11. 11. Fitriyana diena rahmaFitriyana diena rahma 201212500345201212500345 UTS Computer Assisted LanguageUTS Computer Assisted Language LearningLearning