noun and noun phrase

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NOUN AND NOUN PHRASEKATA BENDA DAN FRASA KATA BENDA

Dua bentuk kata benda Concrete Noun: kata benda yang berwujud ex: house, horse, gold, etc Abstract Noun: kata benda tak burujud ex: knowledge, happiness, health, vision

Countable Noun: dapat dihitung Singular: berbentuk tunggal atau berjumlah satu Plural: bentuk jamak, berjumlah lebih dari satu * pola beraturan (regular): ditambahkan akhiran s atau es * pola tak beraturan (irregular): terjadi perubahan kata

IrregularSingular Plural Child Man Mouse Tooth Fish Sheep Ox Person

IrregularSingular Plural

RegularSingular Plural Offices Wives Losses Potatoes Cities Rabbits Drawers Books

RegularSingular Box Cup Son House Glass Plural Boxes Cups Sons Houses Glasses

Children Woman Men Mice Teeth Fish Sheep Oxen People Goose Foot Deer Police Datum Alumnus Medium

Women Office Geese Feet Deer Police Data Alumni Media Wife Loss Potato City Rabbit Drawer Book

Uncountable Noun: tidak punya jamak Selalu Singular: air, ash, asphalt, brass, butter, cement, chalk, cheese, chicken, chocolate, cloth, coffee, flour, food, fruit, furniture, gas, honey, ink, jewel, margarine, powder, rice, salt, oil, milk Bentuk jamak pada ukurannya a cup of coffee two cups of coffee a slice of bread three slices of bread a bottle of ink two bottles of ink

Amount: jumlah/satuanWith Countable Nouns a/an, the, some, any This, that, these, those None, one, two, three A few Few Fewer A lot of Many A large/great number of With Non-count Nouns The, some, any This, that None A Little Little Less A lot of Much A large amount

Akhiran yang menunjukkan Noun..ary, aire ..an, ..ian, ,..ician ..ance, ..ceSecretary, millionaire African, pedestrian, beautician Distance, absence, importance Wisdom, kingdom Employee, trainee Teacher, liar,tailor Manhood, childhood Logic, physics Analysis, crisis

ism ist ion

Criticism, racism Artist, industrialist Relation, religion

..dom ..ee ..er, ..ar, ..or ..hood ..ic, ..ics ..is

..ment ..ness ..ship t, th ..ty

Enjoyment, government Coldness, happiness Friendship, leadership Height, length, truth Sovereignty, activity

NOUN YANG MENGGANTIKAN KALIMAT PERNYATAAN Contoh : I remember something I know something Something : bisa digantikan noun clause Dimulai dengan kata that = bahwa I remember (that) he came to my house once That bisa dipakai, bisa tidak

NOUN YANG MENGGANTIKAN KALIMAT PERNYATAAN I remember something he came to my house once (noun clause) Diganti menjadi I remember (that) he came to my house once

KATA KERJA YANG BIASA DIIKUTI NOUN CLAUSE Agree, announce, answer, argue, ask. Asume, believe, boast (membual), complain, conclude, confess, decide, demand, deny, discover, doubt, drem, guess, hear, hope, imagine, inform, judge, learn, notice, pray, predict, promise, realize, regret, report, say, state, suppose, swear, think, understand

NOUN YANG MENGGANTIKAN KALIMAT TANYAWho. Whom, what, why, when, which, how noun clause yang diikuti dengan wh disebut juga wh-clause I remember something I remember who studies English I remember what he studies I remember who/what ate her food I remember what the cat eat I remember who(m) you met

NOUN YANG MENGGANTIKAN KALIMAT TANYAI remember something I remember where she will work I remember when they will be back I remember how much it is I remember which bus he took I remember why he said that

NOUN YANG MENGGANTIKAN KALIMAT TANYAobject pronoun pengganti orang adalah who (jika orang yang akan diganti dengan Wh-clause adalah obyek kata kerja, lebih b aik menggunakan whom) Who digunakan dalam bahasa lisan, dalam bahasa tulisan kita memakai whom. Clause dengan wh- bukan kalimat tanya sehingga kita tidak dapat menggunakan : I know who is Sarah. Hanya dalam penggunaan informal hal ini diperbolehkan.

NOUN YANG MENGGANTIKAN YES/NO QUESTIONI wonder something Is he a student ? I wonder whether (or not)/if he is a student Did he go ? I wonder whether (or not)/if he went Can he swim ? I wonder whether (or not)/if they can swim Or not adalah optional; bisa dipakai atau bisa tidak

NOUN YANG MENGGANTIKAN KALIMAT SERUI know something Something : How beautiful she is I know how beautiful she is Something : What beatiful girl she is I know what a beautiful girl she is Something : How quickly she finished her work. I know how quickly she finished her work

NOUN DAPAT JUGA DIGUNAKAN SEBAGAI SUBYEKSomething is surprising That he will come to visit us is surprising Something makes me happy That she is happy makes me happy Something has embarrassed me What he did has embarrassed me

NOUN DAPAT JUGA DIGUNAKAN SEBAGAI SUBYEKSomething doesnt matter Whether (or not) he is rich doesnt matter Something is important How well she works is important Noun clauses (that-clause dan wh-clause) yang ditempatkan di depan kalimat selalu dalam bentuk singular sehingga kata kerja yang digunakan dalam bentuk singular.

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