mahabharata 07 - karna parva, salya parva , sauptika parva & stree parva

Download Mahabharata 07 - Karna Parva, Salya Parva , Sauptika Parva & Stree Parva

If you can't read please download the document

Post on 19-Dec-2014

147 views

Category:

Documents

5 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

-CO

CO

THE MAHABHARATAKARNA, SALYA, SAUPTIKA nd STREE PARVAS

THE MAHABHARATAOF

KRISHNA-DWAIPAYANA VYASATranslated into English prose from the original Sanskrit Text.

BY

PRATAP

CHANDRA ROY,

C.

I.

c.

VOL

VIIand

KARNA, SALYA, SAUPTIKA STREE PARVAS

ORIENTAL PUBLISHING CO.11D,

ARPULI LANE CALCUTTA-12

Published by Dhirendra Nath Boie

38A, Motijheel Arenue Caleutt-28

>*)F

T0?$\

1027446

Printed by D. P. BOM

At the

JOYNARAYAN11O. Arpuli LaneCalcutta-12

PRESS,

(Prt). Ltd.

THE MAHABHARATAKARNA PARVASECTIONbeinge,I

Having bowed down unto Narayana, and unto that most exalted of male viz., Narci, and unto the goddess Saraswati also, must the word JAYA

be uttered.

Vaisampayanafilled

said,

"After Drona bad been

slain,

O

monarch, the

royal warriors (of the

Kaurava army) headed by Duryodhana, with hearts with great anxiety, all repaired to Drona's Son. Lamenting the

Drona, and deprived of energy in consequence of their cheerlessness, they sat around the son of Saradwat's daughter, afflicted with grief. Comforted for a little while by considerations founded upon the scriploss of

tures,

when

tive tents.feel

night came, those rulers of Earth proceeded to their respecThose lords of Earth, however, O thou of Kuru's race, couldin their abodes.

HO happiness

Thinking of that immense slaughter,

they could not also sleep.

The Suta's son (Kama), and king Suyodhana and Dussasana and Sakuni, in special, could not compose themselves to Those four passed that night together in Duryodhana's tent, sleep. reflecting upon the woes they had inflicted upon the highsouled Pandavas. Formerly they had brought Draupadi, plunged into woe on account ofmatchat dice, into the assembly.

the

Recollectingin

it

they experienced

great

regret,

their

hearts being filled with anxiety.

sufferings inflicted

(upon the Pandavas)in

match, they passed that night

Thinking of those consequence of the gambling sorrow, O king, as if it were really a

hundred

years.all of

ordinance,

Then when morning came, observing the dictates of the them duly went through the customary rites. Having

gone through these customary rites and comforted to some extent, O Bharata, they ordered their troops to be arrayed, and then came out forbattle,

having made

Kama

their generalissimo by tying the auspicious

thread round his wrists, and having caused

many foremost of Brahmanas,ofgold,

by presents of vessels of curds, clarified butter, Akshatas, coinskine, jewels

and gems, and costly robes, to pray for their victory, and having caused heralds and musicians, and panegyrists to adore them

2

MAHABHARATA

with hymns about victory. 1 The Pandavas also, O king, having gone through their morning rites, issued from their camp, resolved on battle. Then commenced a fierce battle, making the hair to stand on end, between the Kurus and the Pandavas, each desirous of vanquishing the other. During the commandership of Kama, the battle that took place between the Kuru and the Pandava troops was exceedingly fierce andlasted

for

two

days.

Then Vrisha (Kama) having made an immensewasat last slain in

slaughter of his enemies in battle,

the sight of the

Dhartarashtras, by Arjuna. Then Sanjaya,Dhritarashtraall

repairing to

Hastinapura told

that hadsaid,

happened

at Kurujangala."

Janamejayason of

"Having heardviz,

other mighty car-warrior,

of the fall of Bhishma and that Drona, the old king Dhritarashtra the

Amvika had been

afflicted

with great

grief.

How,

O

foremost

of Brahmanas, could he, plnnged into grief, support his life having heard of the death of Kama, that well-wisher of Duryodhana ? How indeed, could that descendant of Kuru support his life when he, upon whom, that

monarch had rested the hope king did not lay down histhink that!

of his sons' victorylife

it is very difficult O circumstances of great grief

had fallen ? When the even after hearing of Kama's death, I for men to yield up life even under Brahman, when the king did not yieldthe venerable son of Santanu, of

up

his

life

after

hearing of the

fall of

Valhika and Drona and Somadatta and Bhurisravas, as also other friends and his sons and grandsons, I think, O regenerate one, that the Tell me all these in act of yielding up one's life is exceedingly difficult I am not satiated with hearing detail and as they actually happened! !

the high achievements of

my

ancestors

!"

SECTIONVaisampayanasaid,

II

Kama, O monarch, the son of Gavalgana, with a cheerless heart, set out that night for Nagapura, on steeds that rivalled the wind in speed. Arrived at Hastinapura, with a

"Upon

the

fall

of

heart

filled

with deep anxiety, he proceeded to Dhritarashtra's abode

which no longer teemed with kinsmen and friends. Belolding the king deprived of all energy by grief, joining his hands he worshipped, with a bend of his head, the monarch's feet. Having duly worshipped kingDhritarashtra, he uttered an exclamation of woe and then began, 'I am lord of Earth ! Art thou not happy ? I hope thou art not Sanjaya,

O

1 Akshatas were probably Purna-patras, i.e. certain vessels full to brim The fullness is indicative of with oorn and other articles of use.

auspioiousness.

T.

EABNA PABVA

8

stupefied, having through thy own faults fallen into such distress ? Counsels for thy good had been uttered by Vidura and Ganga's son and Kesava. I hope thou feelesc no pain now, remembering thy rejection of those counsels ? Counsels for thy good had also been uttered in the

assembly byest

Rama and Narada and Kanwa and others. no pain now, remembering their rejection by thee ?

I

hope thou

feel-

I

est

no pain, rembering the slaughter in battle, by the foe,

hope thou feelof Bhishma and

Drona and others, those friends that were ever engaged in thy good ? Unto the Suta'a son who with joined hands was telling him so, the monarch, afflicted with grief and drawing a long and hot breath, said these words."Dhritarashtrason offall of

said,

'Hearing,

O

Ganga,

that warrior in

whom

all celestial

Sanjaya, of the fall of the heroic weapons as also of the

pain

all bowmen, viz. Drona, my heart feeleth great That hero endued with great energy and born of the Vasus themselves, who slew every day ten thousand car-warriors clad in mail,

that foremost of

!

that high-souled

one unto

whom

weapons, that warrior who in the bow by Rama, alas, even he, hath been slain by YajnaAt this my heart is sena's son Sikhandin protected by the Pandavasscience of!

Bhrigu's son had given the highest his childhood had been trained in the

greatly painediors, viz.,

l!

That hero through whose grace those mighty carwarr-

the

have become Maharathas,*

royal sons of Kunti, as also many other lords of Earth, alas, hearing of the slaughter of that great

Drona, by Dhrishtadyumna, my heart is viz., Those two had not in the world a person equal exceedingly pained to them in (knowledge and use of) the four kinds of weapons Alas, hearing of the slaughter of these two, viz., Bhishma and Drona, in battle my heart is exceedingly pained 3 That warrior who had not in theof

bowman

sure aim,!

!

!

knowledge of weapons, alas hearing of the slaughter of that hero, viz., Drona, what did the people of my After the high-souled son of Pandu, viz, Dhananjaya, exerting side do ? himself with prowess, had despatched unto Yama's abode the strongthree worlds a person equal toin

him

Narayana weapon of the intelligent son of Drona hed been baffled, and after the (Kaurava) divisions had begun to fly away, what, indeed, did the people of my side do ? I think that, after Drona's death my troops, flying away and sinking in an ocean of grief, resembled shipwrecked mariners struggling on the bosom of the vasty deep. What also, O Sanjaya, became the colour of the faces of Duryodhana, and Kama, and Kritavarman the chief of the Bhojas1

force of the Samsaptakas, after the

Nilakantha rightly explains that verse 13 alludes to Bhishma andT.

not to Drona.2

can fight simultaneously with ten in one who thousand bowmen. T. 3 Four kinds of weapons viz., mukta, amukta, muthamukta and Yantramukto. These terms have been explained in an earlier note. T.

A Maharatha

4

MAHABHABATAof the Madras,

and Salya, the rulerothers,this as

and

of

my

remaining sons, and of thefield ?

whenit

the

Kuru

divisions fledin battle,

away from the

Tell

me

all

truly

happened

O

son of Gavalgana, and describe to

me

the prowess put forth by the Pandavas and the warriors of my side !" "Sanjaya said, 'O sire, hearing all that has happened unto the!

Kauravas through thy fault,