LI855 - Electronic Resources: Collection Development Issues for the Present and Future

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<ul><li><p>7/28/2019 LI855 - Electronic Resources: Collection Development Issues for the Present and Future</p><p> 1/10</p><p>Running Head: ELECTRONIC RESOURCES 1</p><p>Electronic Resources: Collection Development Issues for the Present and Future</p><p>Jayme Johnson</p><p>LI 855 XA</p></li><li><p>7/28/2019 LI855 - Electronic Resources: Collection Development Issues for the Present and Future</p><p> 2/10</p><p>ELECTRONIC RESOURCES 2</p><p>Electronic Resources: Collection Development Issues for the Present and Future</p><p>More and more the world of public and academic libraries is seeing a shift to</p><p>electronic formats and increased patron interest in e-books and e-readers. But this increased</p><p>interest in electronic resources also spells a change in the collection development strategies</p><p>and policies. Changing from print to electronic formats introduces a whole host of</p><p>challenges and changes from purchasing techniques and collection circulation to cost</p><p>comparisons and vendors issues. How can library collection development and management</p><p>teams prepare for these increasing changes? What are the main issues collection</p><p>management teams will have to deal with? What changes and challenges will staff have to</p><p>deal with to remain relevant and provide patrons with the most up to date and requested</p><p>electronic resources?</p><p>One of the areas most affected by the surge electronic books and readers is the</p><p>collection development department. Some of the keys areas affected are interlibrary loan,</p><p>cataloging, purchasing and vendors, and collection circulation. One of the first and most</p><p>apparent changes is the purchasing of electronic materials. There are several aspects to this</p><p>that complicate what could have been a smooth transition. Although many publishing</p><p>companies allow the libraries to pick and choose the specific titles that are purchased, many</p><p>companies also offer packaged selections that allow the library the ease of not choosing the</p><p>specific books. Although this choice does come with a downside since it could include</p><p>popular titles and ones not necessarily of interest to your patron set. Another change in</p><p>purchasing electronic vs. print is the idea of purchasing books in a single use or multi-user</p><p>formats (Romero, 2011, p. 175). If the collection development team chooses to purchase</p><p>only single use format, that means the electronic book or resources will be lent out as if it</p></li><li><p>7/28/2019 LI855 - Electronic Resources: Collection Development Issues for the Present and Future</p><p> 3/10</p><p>ELECTRONIC RESOURCES 3</p><p>is a physical book, i.e. one at a time. But publishers are also offering multi-user access,</p><p>which means that libraries can offer multiple copies of the same e-book, limiting the time</p><p>patrons have to wait. This option, while convenient, often comes with a price tag that is</p><p>higher than the single use access. Another option that is different from print ordering is the</p><p>option to purchase the e-book in perpetuity or purchase only a license that allows access for</p><p>a certain period of time. While purchasing the book out right would be more expensive at</p><p>the fore-front, purchasing a license also come with drawbacks, primarily buying the same</p><p>book every year and the risk of losing that book if the licensing agreements change</p><p>(Romero, p. 175).</p><p>Just as purchasing electronic resources for the library is change significantly, so will</p><p>how to get the resources to the patrons. Since the object is entirely digital, the most obvious</p><p>line of circulation will be the online catalog used by the library. The material is displayed</p><p>and included into the librarys web based catalog. Many of the e-book platforms then direct</p><p>the patron to download from another website. Changing back and forth between the library</p><p>web page and the e-book platform has come up against opponents, mostly in the library</p><p>itself. Patrons that are used to one type of library webpage are becoming confused by the</p><p>redirection that is needed to download the e-book. Circulation is also effected by the</p><p>decreased amount of lost, missing, and stolen books. Many libraries provide e-books that</p><p>contain a DRM (Digital Rights Management) system built-in, this way e-books are checked</p><p>out to one person at a time and automatically returned after the designated check out date</p><p>(Romero, p. 176).</p><p>This change also effects how e-books and resources are cataloged. Since they are</p><p>not available physically in the library, the cataloging is based solely on MARC and</p></li><li><p>7/28/2019 LI855 - Electronic Resources: Collection Development Issues for the Present and Future</p><p> 4/10</p><p>ELECTRONIC RESOURCES 4</p><p>electronic records. These records can cause problems with accessibility when the library</p><p>website has to direct the patron to another platform for downloading. This fragmentation</p><p>of the downloading process can increase user confusing and make the process of checking</p><p>out and downloading e-books more complicated that it needs to be (LaRue, 2012, p. 29).</p><p>Finally an area that is highly affected by the move towards electronic resources and</p><p>e-books are the lending of books via interlibrary loan. Interlibrary Loan is an important facet</p><p>of the library system, if one library lacks a specific book needed by a patron; a simple ILL</p><p>request can bring that item in from another library or even another state. But as more and</p><p>more libraries begin to invest in electronic resources, less and less will be eligible for</p><p>loaning to other libraries. Currently most e-book vendors do not allow for ILL of electronic</p><p>resources, those few that do tend to sell to academic libraries (Sendze, 201, p. 35).</p><p>While some of these changes are basic and would not require many adjustments to</p><p>implement, some might cause headaches for library and collection development staff.</p><p>Complication and challenges would come from several different areas including; access &amp;</p><p>availability, cost, e-readers, vendors, and technological issues. By looking at the possible</p><p>problems that libraries will have with implementing e-books into their collection some</p><p>solutions might become more visible.</p><p>First one of the most prominent complications is the availability to some of the more</p><p>popular titles. Many large publishing houses are refusing to make some titles available</p><p>through electronic means. In Kansas there is now a Facebook page that is generating some</p><p>attention to what they are calling the Big Six, these are the six major publishers that are</p><p>refusing to offer many popular books via electronic means. The publishers, Hachette,</p><p>Macmillan, Penguin Group, Harper-Collins, Random House, and Simon &amp; Schuster, are</p></li><li><p>7/28/2019 LI855 - Electronic Resources: Collection Development Issues for the Present and Future</p><p> 5/10</p><p>ELECTRONIC RESOURCES 5</p><p>either not offering bestsellers to libraries or are increasing the cost for libraries to purchase</p><p>the books. These tactics are presumably due to the dramatic increase of interest in electronic</p><p>resources colliding with thepublishers uneasiness towards electronic formats. Publishers</p><p>are most likely afraid of losing control of their offerings, they are aware of what happened</p><p>within the music industry over the last ten years, with peer-to-peer sharing. Publishers are</p><p>pulling the reigns in and trying to keep control of their e-book sales with overly stringent</p><p>regulations.</p><p>In addition to the lack of availability of popular bestsellers, publishers are also</p><p>dramatically increasing the price of electronic resources. When compared with both print</p><p>book prices and direct consumer prices, publishers are charging libraries exorbitant amounts</p><p>for electronic versions. Douglas County Libraries in Colorado have recently put together a</p><p>chart showing a few of the bestsellers currently available and the prices for books and e-</p><p>books for libraries and consumers, the results are surprising. Of the few e-books that are</p><p>actually available to libraries, the prices when compared to the consumer price is general 5</p><p>to 6 times higher for the library (Gargen, 2012). Not only are libraries dealing with</p><p>increased prices but they are also being forced to endure caps on the amount of time an</p><p>electronic book can be in circulation. Many publishers are also enforcing a rule of 26</p><p>checkouts. They claim that this is the average number of times a print book is checked out</p><p>before it is discarded but unlike print books electronic resources do not age or gather wear</p><p>and tear so usage caps are arbitrary limitations. As of right now publishers have the final say</p><p>on the price and usage of electronic resources but libraries and librarians are beginning to</p><p>push back (as indicated by the Kansas State Library Facebook campaign). Those in the</p></li><li><p>7/28/2019 LI855 - Electronic Resources: Collection Development Issues for the Present and Future</p><p> 6/10</p><p>ELECTRONIC RESOURCES 6</p><p>library profession need to fight back and demand better costs and options for electronic</p><p>resources (Sendze, p.35).</p><p>Some people also believe that e-books and other electronic resources will be the</p><p>death of libraries. While I dont believe that this is necessarily true, I do think that libraries</p><p>will have expand their views on what libraries can do for a community and change how they</p><p>market themselves. Since e-books are electronic, there is no need for the patrons to</p><p>physically come to the library to pick out a new book. A quick internet stroll to the libraries</p><p>homepage and patrons can download and place holds on whatever they desire. But this</p><p>doesnt have to mean that the library as a physical place becomes obsolete. Libraries will</p><p>still be highly valued and needed as meeting, collaboration, and community spaces as well</p><p>as places for those who need access to electronic resources that dont have the means</p><p>(Breeding, 2011, p. 35). Which brings me to my last topic....</p><p>E-readers. While electronic resources are handy and easily portable, it also means</p><p>that you have to have access to a portable e-reader. While prices are coming down, owning</p><p>e-readers are still a significant investment, one that not everyone can afford. Although some</p><p>libraries are able to afford purchasing and lending e-readers to patrons, the costs are still</p><p>high enough that it is not feasible for all libraries. Even though libraries might not be</p><p>comfortable with purchasing e-readers or dont have the funds to make them available they</p><p>will most certainly have to deal with the influx of e-readers and electronic books questions</p><p>about how they work and trouble-shooting. Librarians, who until now just had to deal with</p><p>computer related problems, are now being asked to know how e-readers work...all of them.</p><p>With more and more versions of e-readers being released every year, librarians have a sharp</p><p>learning curve to handle. Teaching the staff to handle questions about e-readers and other</p></li><li><p>7/28/2019 LI855 - Electronic Resources: Collection Development Issues for the Present and Future</p><p> 7/10</p><p>ELECTRONIC RESOURCES 7</p><p>types of electronic questions will only increase the reliance on the library and keep patrons</p><p>returning.</p><p>So how does this all add up for the future of libraries, when faced with the</p><p>overwhelmingly growing support of e-books? Will libraries become obsolete if e-books and</p><p>e-readers take over?No. Libraries still have a vital role to play for the community and e-</p><p>books and resources are just another aspect of that. But there are some areas that libraries</p><p>and librarians will have to work on improving and changing with the introduction of so</p><p>much e-content.</p><p>First, training is most likely going to be needed for library staff on the dozens of e-</p><p>readers that are currently on the market. As e-content and e-books become more and more</p><p>ubiquitous, staff will be looked at for help. Training the staff to know how to load e-books,</p><p>apps and just overall trouble shooting will help patrons and keep them coming in for more</p><p>help from their friendly neighborhood librarians. Second, as the library moves towards more</p><p>digital content (more digital content, not lack on print books I should stress) they need to</p><p>make themselves more available as a community gathering place. The community can get to</p><p>know the library not only for the print and electronic content that it offers but also for the</p><p>classes, community gatherings and collaboration spaces that it offers.</p><p>Finally and probably the most difficult to do, libraries and librarians need to assert</p><p>their opinions and voices into the e-content fray. Libraries are an important place for those</p><p>who are underprivileged to gain access to the internet, so it seems plausible that in the future</p><p>libraries will be the place were e-books and e-content are obtained. But we cannot afford to</p><p>let the publishers and selling companies decide how and what books are sold to libraries</p><p>(Breeding, p. 26). As James LaRue (2012) states, libraries dont have to sit back passively</p></li><li><p>7/28/2019 LI855 - Electronic Resources: Collection Development Issues for the Present and Future</p><p> 8/10</p><p>ELECTRONIC RESOURCES 8</p><p>as publishers and distributors unilaterally redefine the terms of our relationship (p. 29). As</p><p>e-content grows, libraries and librarians will adapt and grow as well.</p></li><li><p>7/28/2019 LI855 - Electronic Resources: Collection Development Issues for the Present and Future</p><p> 9/10</p><p>ELECTRONIC RESOURCES 9</p><p>References</p><p>Bowles, V., &amp; Hazzan, L. (2012). Balancing Patron Demand for All Formats.Public</p><p>Libraries, 51(1), 3840.</p><p>Breeding, M. (2011). Ebook Lending:Asserting the Value of Libraries as the Future of</p><p>Books Unfolds. Computers in Libraries, 31(9), 2427.</p><p>Collins, T. (2012). The Current Budget Environment and Its Impact on Libraries, Publishers</p><p>and Vendors.Journal of Library Administration, 52(1), 1835.</p><p>doi:10.1080/01930826.2012.630643</p><p>Fialkoff, F. (2012, April 15). First Harper, Now Random.Library Journal, p. 8.</p><p>Gargan, Karen. (2012). Douglas County Libraries Report, Pricing Comparison as of October</p><p>31, 2012. Retrieved from http://evoke.cvlsites.org/files/2012/10/DCLPriceReportOct-31-</p><p>12.pdf</p><p>Greenwalt, R.T. (2012). Developing an E-Book Strategy.Public Libraries, 51(1), 2224.</p><p>Hilyard, N.B.. (2012). Making E-Books Feel at Home.Public Libraries, 51(1), 1720.</p><p>Hodges, D., Preston, C., &amp; Hamilton, M. (2010). Resolving the Challenge of E-Books.</p><p>Collection Management, 35, 196200. doi:10.1080/01462679.2010.486964</p><p>LaRue, J. (2012). The Last One Standing.Public Libraries, 51(1), 2832.</p><p>Romero, N. L. (2011). The management of e-book collections and their implication on the</p><p>economic management of the library.Bottom Line: Managing Library Finances, The, 24(3),</p><p>173179. doi:10.1108/08880451111186017</p><p>Sendze, M. (2012). The E-Book Experiment.Public Libraries, 51(1), 3437.</p><p>Wexelbaum, R., &amp; Miltenoff, P. (2012). Challenges to E-Reader Adoption in Academic</p><p>Libraries.Reference Librarian, 53(3), 270283. doi:10.1080/02763877.2012.678747</p></li><li><p>7/28/2019 LI855 - Electronic Resources: Collection Development Issues for the Present and Future</p><p> 10/10</p><p>ELECTRONIC RESOURCES 10</p><p>Wu, A., &amp; Mitchell, A. M. (2010). Mass Management of E-Book Catalog Records:</p><p>Approaches, Challenges, and Solutions.Library Resources &amp; Technical Services, 54(3),</p><p>164174.</p></li></ul>

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