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Leadership 1

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teade-:|p1Learning Objectives What is leadership? Example of Leadership Characteristics of Leadership Difference between Management and Leadership Qualities of Leadership Importance of Leadership Functions of Leadership Theories of Leadership Types of Leadership Problems under different types of Leadership Conclusion2at s Leadersip?Leader Is a person who can influence the behavior of others without having rely on force that is person accepted by others as Leader3ample of LeadersipDOLF HITLER Leadership Qualities Many Followers Continuing Process Transform Potential into Reality Responsibility4aracteristics of Leadersip Followers Ideal Conduct Continuing Process Responsibility Harmony of Interests Management Part Influence Others Transform Potential into reality5ifference between Management and Leadersip.9;9anagemen9 Leadersh5Creating an agendaPlanning and BudgetingEstablishing DirectionDeveloping a human network to achieve that goalOrganizing and Staffingligning PeopleExecuting plans Controlling and problem solvingMotivating and inspiring6ifference between Management and Leadersipctivity Management LeadershipOutcomes Produces a degree of predictabilityProduces changeCeat..

QuaIities of IeadershipThe success of any organization depends upon the leadership who possesses required qualities, it can easily attain its desired objectives. Various scholars have mentioned different qualities but leadership must possess some qualities. 8QuaIities of a good Ieader Intelligence competence Self confidence Patience Capacity to take decisions Sense of responsibility bility to motivate bility to communicate Mental ability Flexibility Integrity 9mportance ofLeadersip Basis of cooperation between organization and personnel Direction of group efforts Development of the spirit of coordination Source of Motivation To convert management into social process To facilitate execution Helpful in introducing change For the success of the organization10:nctions of LeadersipTo define organizational objectiveTo incorporate the objective in organizational frameworkTo guide and initiate action To understand the feelings and problems of his subordinateTo secure cooperationTo maintain disciplineTo provide effective communicationTo maintain the identity of the organizationTo develop morality among the groupTo represent the organization.11%OR$ O LR$P12TRAIT THEORY Successful leaderpossess certain traits a) Physicalb) Mentalc) Moral "LeadersarebornnotmadeCriticism Situational factors More important qualityCan be acquired as well13$ITUATIONTHEORYSituation - FavorableEffectiveSituation - Unfavorable IneffectiveCriticismHow to make effective leader so that success can be guaranteed.14OLLOWERAPPROACH THEORY Consider the personality of the follower.OR Learn nature of followers Successful leader - one who strives to satisfy different needs ofthe follower like a) Physiologicalb) Securityc) Sociald) Ego and confidence related needs. 15EHAVIORAL APPROACHTHEORY Emphasis on behavior of leader. Effectiveness What the leader does?16UNCTIONALAPPROACH Study of individualand situation. Study leader as a group not as an individual1AND Y THEORY theoryindividual is unwilling to workFear ,reprimands and step by step directions are necessary to make people work. Y theoryindividual works according to his own free will Theory Y should be adopted so that individualget proper opportunitiesto use their1. Imaginative power2. Intelligence3. Initiative and other ability.1819%P$ O LR$PPower Based Leadersip $tyleLeadersip $tyle:tocraticemocratic ree Rein20:tocratic Quick decision & Centralised power Downward communication Formal relationship with employees Strict control and negative cohesive Demotivation, low morale and low productivity May be valuable in business where decisions need to be made quickly or employees are less capable.21:tocraticamp|e:I. J|t|e- 2. Saddam Ja::e|ateade-uTC22emocraticDecision making through consultation Improves the quality of decision Decentralised authority Employees participation in management High motivation and high morale High efficiency and productivity Development of employees & enterprise Delay in decision making23emocraticemocratic TCtu#uamp|e: I.T||| Cate: 2.aatma Caad|24Laissez-aire orree-rein Leadersip Leave it be - the leadership responsibilities are shared by all employeesll decision are taken by subordinates independently Full faith and trust on subordinates Provide high level motivation Open and free communication Helpful in expansion of enterprise Decision making timeconsuming May be suitable where employees are highly educated and competent25ree reinree reinree reinLeadersipuTCteade-26Res:lt BasedLeadersip $tyleLeadersip mployee OrientedProd:ctionOriented 2mployee Oriented Leadersip Maximum importance is given to followers. Focus on organizing and developing employees Helps in motivation Employees are loyal towards enterprise. Improve job satisfaction and morale Create congenial environment and provide quick solution to complaints.28Prod:ction Oriented Leadersip Focus on increase in productivity Control on quantity & cost of production dopt new techniques of production Low morale Create feeling of insecurity & instability29actorsffecting $tyle Leader's own preference Types of employeescapable or not. Type of business organisation- creative business or supply driven. How important change is -change for changes sake? Nature of the task - needing cooperation? Direction? Structure?30Different probIems in different styIe of LeadershipDistance fromDistance from followers followersngry by nature ngry by natureInstability inInstability in behavior behaviorNo knowledge of human nature No knowledge of human natureLack of foresightedness Lack of foresightedness31 Inferiority complex Inability in presenting his outlook Priority to monetary incentives Inability to get cooperation Lack of qualities of leadershipCeat..32oncl:sion Leaders must be flexible able to adopt any style by the situation. Leadership is best in an organization where leader is not required at all. Leaders should have trust on his followers.33