Kipp earth sun moon

Download Kipp earth sun moon

Post on 14-Apr-2017

225 views

Category:

Education

0 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • satellitelunar phaseeclipse11.2 The Sun-Earth-Moon System

  • Earths Motion Around the SunThe Moon orbits the Earth, but at the same time, the Earth-Moon system orbits the Sun.

    11.2 The Sun-Earth-Moon System

  • Earths OrbitThe path of Earths orbit is an ellipse.

    Earth is closest to the Sun in January.Earth is farthest from the Sun in July.

    11.2 The Sun-Earth-Moon System

  • Earths Orbit ContinuedEarth is closest to the Sun in January.Earth is farthest from the Sun in July.

  • Earths RotationEarth rotates on its axis once every 24 hours.

    The rotation causes day and night.Earths axis of rotation is 23.5 tilted to the plane of orbit around the Sun.

    11.2 The Sun-Earth-Moon System

  • The MoonEarths SatelliteEarth has one moon revolving around it.

    A satellite is an object that revolves around a planet.

    11.2 The Sun-Earth-Moon System

  • Formation of the MoonScientists think that the Moon formed when another large object collided with Earth.

    A large amount of matter was ejected into space in the collision.

    11.2 The Sun-Earth-Moon System

  • Formation of the Moon (cont.)The material eventually formed the Moon.

    11.2 The Sun-Earth-Moon System

  • The Motion of the MoonGravitational force between Earth and the Moon causes the Moon to orbit the Earth.

    The Moon rotates on its axis once every 28 days.

    11.2 The Sun-Earth-Moon System

  • The Motion of the Moon (cont.)11.2 The Sun-Earth-Moon System

  • Phases of the MoonThe Moon reflects sunlight.

    As the Moon travels around Earth, the illuminated portion changes.The different appearances of the Moon are called lunar phases.

    11.2 The Sun-Earth-Moon System

  • EclipsesAn eclipse is a total or partial blocking of a star , planet, or moon by a different one.

    11.2 The Sun-Earth-Moon SystemThere are two types of eclipses:

    LunarSolar

  • Lunar EclipsesA lunar eclipse occurs when a portion of the Moon is shaded from direct sunlight by Earth.

    During a lunar eclipse, Earth moves between the Sun and the Moon when the Moon is full.

    11.2 The Sun-Earth-Moon System

  • Solar EclipsesFor a total solar eclipse on Earth, there must be perfect alignment of the Moon and the Sun.

    The Moon casts a small shadow on Earth.

    11.2 The Sun-Earth-Moon System

  • Lesson 2 ReviewWhen is Earth farthest from the Sun?AJanuaryBAprilCJulyDOctober11.2 The Sun-Earth-Moon System

  • Lesson 2 ReviewWhat is the phase of the Moon called when it is fully illuminated?Anew moonBfull moonCblue moonDharvest moon11.2 The Sun-Earth-Moon System

  • Lesson 2 ReviewThe light from the moon is produced by ____.Athe Moon itselfBEarthCthe SunDsatellites11.2 The Sun-Earth-Moon System

  • End of Lesson 2

  • 11.3The Planets and Their Moonsinner planetouter planet

  • The Inner PlanetsThe inner planets include Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars.

    All are rocky in composition.All are within 1.5 AUs of the Sun.

    11.3 The Planets and Their Moons

  • The Inner Planets (cont.)11.3 The Planets and Their Moons

  • MercuryMercury is the closest planet to the Sun.

    Mercury has a highly elliptical orbit and travels faster than any other planet.Surface temperatures often reach 467C.

    11.3 The Planets and Their Moons

  • VenusVenus is the second planet from the Sun.

    Venus is similar to Earth in size, mass, composition, and distance from the Sun.Venus is covered by thick clouds of carbon dioxide.Venus is often the brightest object in the sky except for the Moon.

    11.3 The Planets and Their Moons

  • EarthEarth is the third planet from the Sun.

    Earth is the only body in our solar system known to have life on it.Earths atmosphere affects the climate, shields the surface from harmful radiation, and burns up most meteoroids before they strike the surface.

    11.3 The Planets and Their Moons

  • MarsMars is the fourth planet from the Sun.

    Mars has two small moons, Phobos and Deimos.Mars may once have had flowing water.

    11.3 The Planets and Their Moons

  • The Outer PlanetsThe outer planets include Jupiter, Saturn, Neptune, Uranus, and Pluto.

    11.3 The Planets and Their Moons

  • JupiterJupiter is the largest planet in our solar system.

    Jupiters composition of mostly hydrogen and helium and resembles a small star.Jupiter is the first planet from the Sun to have rings.

    11.3 The Planets and Their Moons

  • Jupiter (cont.)Jupiter has more than 60 moons; the four largest are Ganymede, Callisto, Io, and Europa.

    11.3 The Planets and Their Moons

  • SaturnSaturn is composed mostly of hydrogen and helium.

    Saturns rings are composed mainly of ice and rock.Saturn has over 30 known moons, the largest is Titan.

    11.3 The Planets and Their Moons

  • UranusUranus is a blue-green gas planet that rotates on its side.

    11.3 The Planets and Their Moons

  • Uranus (cont.)Uranus has 27 known moons and a series of small rings.

    The atmosphere is mainly hydrogen and helium.

    11.3 The Planets and Their Moons

  • NeptuneNeptune was the first planet located by theoretical predictions rather than through ordinary observations.

    Neptune has 13 known moons and several rings.Neptunes atmosphere is mostly hydrogen, helium, and methane.

    11.3 The Planets and Their Moons

  • PlutoPluto is the smallest and most distant of the planets.

    Pluto might be composed of a rocky core surrounded by ice.Pluto takes 248 years to complete one revolution around the Sun.Pluto has one moon, Charon, that is about the same size as Pluto.

    11.3 The Planets and Their Moons

  • Lesson 3 ReviewWhich of the following is NOT one of the inner planets? AMarsBJupiterCVenusDEarth11.3 The Planets and Their Moons

  • Lesson 3 ReviewWhich planet is unique in the position of its axis of rotation?AJupiterBSaturnCMercuryDUranus11.3 The Planets and Their Moons

  • Lesson 3 ReviewThe outer planets are composed mostly of ____. AgasesBrocksCglaciersDdust11.3 The Planets and Their Moons

  • End of Lesson 3

  • 11.4Asteroids, Comets and Meteoroidsasteroidcometmeteoroid

  • AsteroidsAsteroids are rocky objects, smaller than a planet, found between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter.

    There are hundreds of thousands of asteroids in the solar system.

    11.4 Asteroids, Comets, and Meteoroids

  • Asteroids (cont.)Asteroids are thought to be leftover material from the formation of the solar system.

    11.4 Asteroids, Comets, and Meteoroids

  • CometsA comet is a small, icy body in orbit around the Sun.

    Some comets have highly elliptical orbits bringing them close to the Sun.The solid part of a comet is called the nucleus and is made of icy material.The comet also contains dust, frozen gases, and bits of rock.

    11.4 Asteroids, Comets, and Meteoroids

  • Comets (cont.)When a comet passes near the Sun, the gases are vaporized forming a tail.

    11.4 Asteroids, Comets, and Meteoroids

  • Comets (cont.)Short-period comets take less than 200 years to orbit the Sun and are highly predictable.

    Long-period comets have orbits that take more than 200 years to complete.

    11.4 Asteroids, Comets, and Meteoroids

  • A Tenth Planet?In 2005, scientists detected an object larger than Pluto and gave it the temporary name of 2003 UB313.

    Nicknamed Xena, it is undecided whether this object is a planet or not.

    11.4 Asteroids, Comets, and Meteoroids

  • MeteoroidsMeteoroids are solid, interplanetary particles passing through Earths atmosphere.

    A meteor is the streak of light seen in the sky produced by a meteorite.A meteorite is the remaining portion of the meteoroid that reaches Earths surface.

    11.4 Asteroids, Comets, and Meteoroids

  • Meteoroids (cont.)Most scientists think that meteoroids came from planets that broke apart during the formation of our solar system.

    11.4 Asteroids, Comets, and Meteoroids

  • Impact Craters on EarthMost meteoroids burn up in the atmosphere.

    Some large meteors produce impact craters, such as the Barringer Crater in Arizona.

    11.4 Asteroids, Comets, and Meteoroids

  • Lesson 4 ReviewA meteoroid that strikes the surface of the Earth is called a(n) ____.AasteroidBmeteorCcometDmeteorite11.4 Asteroids, Comets, and Meteoroids

  • Lesson 4 ReviewWhat protects Earth from most meteoroids?AoceansBthe atmosphereCthe MoonDMars11.4 Asteroids, Comets, and Meteoroids

  • Lesson 4 ReviewWhere are most of the asteroids in the solar system found?Abetween Jupiter and SaturnBSaturns ringsCbetween Mars and JupiterDKuiper Belt11.4 Asteroids, Comets, and Meteoroids

  • End of Lesson 4

  • Chapter AssessmentCalifornia Standards PracticeConcepts in MotionImage BankScience OnlineChapter Resources MenuClick on a hyperlink to view the corresponding feature.

  • Which planet has the two moons, Phobos and Deimos?AMercuryBMarsCJupiterDNeptuneChapter Assessment 1

  • A lunar eclipse occurs when Earth is in the Moons shadow.ATrueBFalseChapter Assessment 2

  • What is the phase of the Moon called when no part of it is illuminated? Afull moonBblack moonCharvest moonDnew moonChapter Assessment 3

  • How many planets in our solar system are known to have had life?A1B2C3Dnone of the aboveChapter Assessment 4

  • Which of the following summarizes Keplers third law of planetary motion?APlanets spin faster as they get closer to the Sun.BThe farther a planet is from the Sun, the longer it takes to complete one orbit.CPlanets travel faster when they are closer to the Sun.DPlanets travel in an elliptical orbit around the Sun.Chapter Assessment 5

  • Who discovered the 4 largest moons of Jupiter?AKeplerBNewtonCCopernicusDGalileoCA Standards Practice 1

  • What is the closest outer planet to the Sun? AMercuryBJupiterCMarsDSaturnCA Standards Practice 2SCI 4.e

  • Which of the following consists of a frozen ball of rock?Aa cometBan asteroidCa meteorDMarsCA Standards Practice 3SCI 4.e

  • What is the third planet from the Sun?AVenusBMarsCEarthDTitanCA Standards Practice 4SCI 4.e

  • What force keeps the Earth orbiting the Sun? Athe magnetic field of EarthBthe Moons gravityCthe Suns gravityDthe rotation of Earth on its axisCA Standards Practice 5SCI 2.g

  • Concepts in Motion 1

  • Image Bank

  • Image Bank

  • End of Resources