Judaism What is judaism? Is this a religion? Is this a civilization?
Post on 21-Jan-2016
judaismWhat is judaism?Is this a religion?Is this a civilization?Table of ContentsWhat is judaism?Origin
Judaism is not just a religionJudaism is a religion, but it is also a culture and a people.
A culture and a peopleJudaism does not represent any single race, belief, or viewpoint, let alone values and politics
A Religion of ActionJudaism is a religion of action more than beliefs.
5Important to knowAt the outset, it is important to note that there is a distinction between the Jewish people and the religion of Judaism; not all Jewish people are religious. Many profess to be atheists or agnostics. There are also Jews who are religious, yet have converted to other religions.Of the some 15 million Jewish people in the world today:around 4.5 million are in Israel some 7 million are in North America approx.1 million are in countries that were part of the former Soviet Union approx. 2 million are spread throughout European countriesIs Jewish a Religious or Ethnic Identity?
Yes and no. Being Jewish can mean you are a part of a religious movement. However, the great majority of Jews become a part of the religious movement through birth and not due to their beliefs or actions. In this way, being Jewish is like being a citizen of a religious movement. A Jewish identity is automatically bestowed on the babies of Jewish mothers. And this identity stays with them throughout life no matter what they believe or how they act. A person who was born to a Jewish mother or has gone through the conversion process is considered a Jew even if he or she does not believe in Judaism and does not observe Jewish practices. Thus, there are non-religious Jews or secular Jews. A person who was not born to a Jewish mother or has not gone through the conversion process is not considered a Jew even if he or she believes in Judaism and observes Jewish practices. Thus, the conversion process is a very meaningful because it is the only way for a non-Jew to become Jewish.
OriginsAdam and Eve First humans created by God disobeyed Him and were forced to leave the Garden of EdenThey continue to procreate to make the human race but humanity is very sinfulNoah and family (wife, sons and their wives) are chosen to survive along with male and female animals on the Ark as God destroys the world with a floodGod makes peace with humanity but it continues in its sinfulness
Abraham Father of the Hebrew peopleLived near Ur in Mesopotamia (between Tigris and Euphrates Rivers)Obeyed a command by God to leave his relatives and take his wife and household westwards to the land God wanted him to haveGod appeared to him in a dream and told him that his descendants would be as numerous as the stars in the sky and the sands of the beach
Abraham and SarahAbraham was visited by three angels, who told him that by the following year his wife Sarah would be pregnant.Sarah was believed to be barren. She told Abraham to sleep with her servant Hagar, who bore him Ishmael. Perhaps, this is what God intended.Not so, eventually Sarah conceived and bore Abraham a son, who was named Isaac. Sarah regretted telling Abraham to be with Hagar and feared that Ishmael would take Isaacs inheritance. She pestered Abraham until he sent Hagar and Ishmael away. According to Islamic tradition, Abraham and his son Ishmael were the founding fathers.
Abraham and IsaacWhile Isaac was still a boy, God commanded Abraham to sacrifice Isaac. Abraham was going to follow through with it. God sent an angel to stop Abraham before he killed Isaac. This act of obedience was credited as obedience to Abraham.Abraham and God made a covenant (agreement). Abraham would make sure all his descendants were circumcise their sons, and God would bless them. This would be an outward sign of their cleanliness, holiness, and dedication to God.
Sacrifice of Isaac (Brunelleschi
Basic WorldviewUniverse is made by G-d but is an arena for humans to live in and enjoy, exercising free will, in cooperation with G-ds guidance.G-d is the omnipotent, sovereign, personal, all-good Creator.People were created by G-d to follow His Will which can improve the human condition until a paradisal age is reached
Destiny of the WorldWill be led by God through various historical periodsA messiah that has been prophesied about will come in and lead the world into a paradisal stateWhat Is Expected of HumansTo honor and serve G-d by following the Law of Moses in letter or spiritTo maintain the identity of the peopleTo promote the ethical vision of the great prophets and humanitariansJewish customs are followed in the home as well as in the place of worship.
The Ten CommandmentsI am the Lord your God no other gods besides me
No graven image or any likeness of anything not to bow or serve others; for I am a jealous god for those who hate mebut showing love for those who love me and keep my commandments
Dont take the name of your God in vain
Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holyHonor your father and motherNo killingNo adulteryNo stealingNo false witness/shahaadah against your neighbor Dont covet/want your neighbors house, or his wife, or his manservant, or maidservant, or his ox, or anything
Tabernacle of God: Holy Shrine contains two stone tablets marked with the terms of the Covenant. Arrival of Moses to the borders of CanaanRebellion against Moses and GodUnder Moses successor Joshua, jews reached CanaanIn 11th century BCE under king David, they captured JerusalemBuilding of Temple by Davids son Solomon
Torah1st 5 books of Hebrew BibleMost holy of sacred writings in Judaism
MosesLed Hebrews out of slavery from EgyptMoses mother hid him along NileLived with Egyptian princessNever forgot religion
Moses was the greatest prophet, leader and teacher that Judaism has ever known. In fact, one of the primary Principles of Faith is the belief that Moses prophecies are true, and that he was the greatest of the prophets. He is called "Moshe Rabbeinu," that is, Moses, Our Teacher/Rabbi. Interestingly, the numerical value of "Moshe Rabbeinu" is 613: the number of mitzvot that Moses taught the Children of Israel! He is described as the only person who ever knew God face-to-face (Deut. 34:10) and spoke directly to God (Num. 12:8)
How is Judaism related to Christianity?Judaism predates Christianity it is the foundation of Christianity but is not a part of it Jesus was Jewish, as were his followers and the ApostlesJews do not believe that Jesus was anything more than a good and wise man who lived and died 2000 years ago Jews still await their messiahThe Jewish messiah would not be divine. He would be a political figure who restores the Hebrew monarchy and causes peace to reign on EarthJews are not concerned about salvation and the world to come
The Marriage ContractA woman could only get a divorce if the man agreed to give her one. Pictured here is a traditional marriage contract, called a Ketubah.
Judaic TeachingsTo be chosen is a gift and also a responsibility from God to fulfill the Covenant Responsibilities:Not to profane Gods nameNot to worship idolsNot to commit murderNot to stealNot to commit adulteryNot to be unjustNot to cut limbs from living animals
2. Existence of GodFirst sentence of Jewish Scripture:In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth (Genesis 1:1)
First quotation of Exodus:I am what I am or I will be what I will be
3. Unity of GodDeutronomy 6:4 says:Hear O Israel, the Lord our God, the Lord is One4. Attributes of GodTwo main Attributes are:Divine Mercy and Divine JusticeLove, Mercy, Grace of God, His anger, JusticeSource of both good and evilGood & EvilEvery good and bad are from GodSimilarly God has placed the drive in all human beings to do evil or to do good. It was Adams drive that made him to go against Gods commandEvery man can commit sin and will be punished not because of Adams sin but because of his own sin5. Messianic AgeSince long, Jews believe that a Messiah will come to free humankind and to establish Gods kingdom on earthMessiah will be human being and not a divine beingMessiah will be the descendant of the house of DavidHe will bring truth, peace, morality, social and moral order etc.He will make Jews to return to their promised landHe will bring a universal religion 6. Promised LandPromised land of the Covenant that God made to Abraham and his peopleCanaan (modern Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, and Israel)Jewish Practices1. Rites of Passage:Circumcision of male children eight days after birthReligious practices in marriage ceremoniesDetailed ceremonies on death occasion
2. The Sabbath:
Hebrew word Shabbat means restFrom Friday evening till Saturday sunsetcandles, wine, bread, etc3. Devotional Acts:to recite the basic prayer twice a day from their scripture (Shema: Hear)Hear, O Israel: the Lord our god is one Lord; and you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your might.