JUDAISM INTRODUCTION Judaism is the Religion of the Jews Not all Jews practice Judaism “our religion” “their religion” Judaism is the 2 nd largest religion.

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JUDAISM2INTRODUCTIONJudaism is the Religion of the JewsNot all Jews practice Judaismour religiontheir religionJudaism is the 2nd largest religion in America33 Branches of JudaismOrthodox Jews the only kind of Judaism until the 18th centuryEmphasis on tradition and keeping the Law of Moses

4Reform JudaismBegan in Germany Modernize JudaismEmphasizes ethics over doctrine5Conservative JudaismMiddle ground between the reformed Jew and Orthodox 6Practices of JudaismBar Mitzvah (boys)Bat Mitzvah (girls)

Coming of age ceremony at the age of 13Consists of Synagogue service and reception with full meal72. Jewish Weddings

82. Jewish Weddings

9

3. Observing the SabbathFriday Evening through Saturday evening

Abstain from:WorkDrivingLighting a fire

114. Dietary LawsFood must be Kosher

Given in the book of Leviticus

12Jewish HolidaysRosh Hashanah (Russia Shunna)Jewish new yearSpecial service at the synagogueMarks the first part of 10 day period known as High Holy Days13Jewish Holidays2. Yom KippurDay of AtonementMost solemn day of the Jewish CalendarMany Jews will fast for 24 hours14Jewish HolidaysHanukkahFestival of lightsCommemorates the victory of the Maccabees over the Syrian armies of Antiochus EpiphanesCharacterized by lighting the Menorah over a period of 8 days15Jewish HolidaysPassoverLasts for one weekMost popular Jewish HolidaySeder: meal observed first 2 nightsEvents of Exodus are read during the SederMatzo is eaten (unleavened bread)16BeliefsScriptureOld Testament Especially the Torah

17BELIEFS2. GODPersonal One God in 3 persons

Deuteronomy 6:4 (The Great Shammah)18Beliefs3. MankindHas a good and evil inclinationMankind can be perfected by observance of the Law19Beliefs4. Sin- Many do not believe in Original SinOne commits sin by breaking the 10 commandments20Beliefs5. SalvationRepentance, prayer, obedience to the LawBelieve they are born in a right standing with God21Beliefs6. MessiahWill be human who is not divineWill restore the Jewish Kingdom and extend his rule over the earthWill execute judgment 22R.C. Sproul"The reality in the first century was that the most intense persecution of the Christian church came, not from the Romans, but from the Jewish community.23

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