infection control ensuring your client’s and your safety in the salon environment

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Infection Control Ensuring Your Client’s and Your Safety in the Salon Environment

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Post on 15-Dec-2015

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Infection Control Ensuring Your Clients and Your Safety in the Salon Environment Slide 2 Bacteria One-celled microorganisms (germs, microbes) Abundantly present everywhere Skin, water, air, decayed matter Nonpathogenic-helpful bacteria Pathogenic harmful bacteria Slide 3 Classifications of Pathogenic Bacteria Cocci- round shaped, appear singly or in groups Staphylococci-pus- forming grow in clusters (abscesses, pustules and boils) Streptococci-pus-forming, grow in chains(strep throat, blood poisoning) Diplococci-grow in pairs (pneumonia Slide 4 Classifications of Pathogenic Bacteria Bacilli- short, rod- shaped bacteria (lockjaw, typhoid fever and tuberculosis) Spirilla- spiral or corkscrew shaped (syphillis or Lyme disease Slide 5 Movement of Bacteria Cocci-transmitted in air, dust or within substance on which they settle. Bacilli and spirilla are motile and have slender, hair-like extensions known as flagella or cilia for locomotion. Slide 6 Growth and Reproduction Active Stage-grow and reproduce-warm, dark, damp places-sufficient food available Divide into two new cells mitosis Inactive (spore forming stage)-form spherical spores with tough outer covering for protection-cannot be harmed by disinfectants When conditions are favorable they grow and reproduce. Slide 7 MITOSIS Slide 8 Bacterial Infections When body tissues are invaded by pathogenic bacteria. Local infection- pimple or abscess General infection- carried by bloodstream to all parts of the body. Slide 9 Bacterial Infections Contagious spread Unclean hands, implements or towels, uncovered coughing or sneezing Slide 10 Viruses submicroscopic capable of infesting almost all plants and animals- live by penetrating cells and becoming a part of them. Slide 11 Hepatitis Virus Hepatitis A-3 weeks vaccine available, Hepatitis B long term cirrhosis, vaccine available, Hepatitis C-no vaccine available Slide 12 HIV/AIDS Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome Slide 13 How Pathogens Enter the Body Break in the skin Mouth Nose Eye or ears Unprotected sex Slide 14 Principles of Prevention Decontamination- removal of pathogens from tools and surfaces by physical or chemical means. 3 levels of decontamination Slide 15 Sterilization Highest level of decontamination Completely destroys every organism. Methods include steam autoclave and dry heat Slide 16 Disinfection Controls microorganisms on nonporous surfaces. Does not kill bacterial spores. Slide 17 Disinfectants Disinfectants chemical agents used to destroy most bacteria and viruses. Disinfectants are not for use on human skin, hair or nails. Slide 18 Disinfectants Quats-quaternary ammonium compounds-non-toxic, fast acting Phenols-not recommended for rubber and plastic items Alcohol -70% (ethyl, 99% for Isopropyl Bleach Slide 19 Disinfecting Implements Pre-clean implements & tools. Rinse thoroughly Put on gloves and safety goggles Mix solution according to manufacturers directions Immerse tools or implements required time Remove implements Rinse and dry thoroughly Store in clean, closed dry disinfected container. Slide 20 Requirement For ALL Students concerning dirty implements. Every student must have at their station the following: Zip lock baggie marked pre- sanitized implements for their clean combs and brushes. Zip lock baggie marked soiled implements. Make sure each student cleans dirty combs and brushed with hot water and soap, the place in wet sanitizer. Station inspections will be performed regularly without prior notice. Slide 21 Blood Spill Disinfection Stop service and clean injured area. Use gloves or finger guard Apply antiseptic Cover injury with band- aid or other dressing Clean workstation Discard contaminated objects Double-bag, use biohazard sticker Remove gloves, wash hands with soap and water Disinfect contaminated items by full immersion in EPA-hospital grade disinfectant Slide 22 Sanitation To significantly reduce the number of pathogens or disease producing organisms found on a surface Proper washing of hands before and after each client. Slide 23 Your Professional Responsibility Protect you clients health and safety as well as your own. Never take shortcuts with sanitation and disinfection. Follow the rules of safety and sanitation always. Slide 24 SANITATION IS EVERYONES RESPONSIBILITY THE BUCK STOPS HERE!! INSTRUCTORS, STUDENTS, STAFF AND ADMINISTRATORS Slide 25 Assignment 1. Complete the Infection Control Pyramid in your Study Guide 2. Complete the Brain Conditioner section