Hunters and Gatherers to Farmers

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Hunters and Gatherers to Farmers. How did the development of agriculture change life in the Neolithic Age?. Paleolithic Age. The Old Stone Age from 2 million years ago to 8000 B.C.E. Begins with tool-making hominids (Homo Habilis ) Hunter-gatherers, nomads wandering from place to place. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Hunters and Gatherers to Farmers

Hunters and Gatherers to FarmersHow did the development of agriculture change life in the Neolithic Age?Paleolithic AgeThe Old Stone Age from 2 million years ago to 8000 B.C.E.Begins with tool-making hominids (Homo Habilis)Hunter-gatherers, nomads wandering from place to place

Shortage of Food Paleolithic AgeNo stable or dependable food supplyPlants and animals scarce when people stayed in one place too longHunting was dangerous due to close-up nature of hunting prey; hunters often killed or injured

Neolithic AgeThe New Stone Age from 8000 B.C.E. to 3000 B.C.E.Begins when people start to farm and produce their own foodOver 1000s of years people gradually learn to raise animals and plant cropsNo longer need to roam long distances; can settle in one placeDawn of AgricultureEventually people discover they can plant seeds and harvest cropsFarmers also observe which seeds grow better in their climate and soilFarmers learn to domesticate animals, to raise and use them for peoples needsRaised sheep, goats and cattle for meat; goats and cattle also provided milk; mules carry heavy loadsNeolithic Age begins with agriculture, the business of growing crops and raising animals; people now have some control over their food supply

Permanent SheltersDuring Paleolithic Age people lived in temporary shelters, like caves, because they moved often looking for foodIn the Neolithic Age, with the dawn of agriculture, people built more permanent shelters out of mud bricksPermanent shelters gave people protection from harsh weather and wild animalsLong-lasting shelters enabled people to settle together in larger communitiesCommunitiesAgriculture led to permanent shelters; permanent shelters led to larger communitiesLiving in communities or villages allowed people to organize themselves more efficiently, resulting in the division of labor (some people grow crops, others build houses and make tools, etc.)Villagers also learn to cooperate to do tasks more quicklyWith their basic needs met, people spent time and energy on other activities: inventing new ways to make life more comfortable and saferThese changes lead to growing populations

New JobsIn Paleolithic times, peoples main concern was finding enough food to surviveFarming on the steadier supply of food, allows Neolithic people to develop specialized skillsFocusing on one job gave people the opportunity to improve the ways they workedNeolithic people didnt only want to survive, they wanted to make themselves and their surroundings beautiful (decorated pottery, polished stones for jewelry, etc.Beginning to TradePaleolithic hunter-gatherers rarely tradedAs Neolithic people settled in communities, trade became a more common activity (people trade to get resources they do not have)Neolithic people wanted materials to improve the strength and beauty of the things they made; getting these resources became the job of tradersTraders traveled hundreds of miles looking for materials and resources (i.e., flint, obsidian, shells)Trade brought people into contact with people from distant places; spreading ideas and knowledge

ReviewWhat does Paleolithic mean?What does Neolithic mean?How did Paleolithic people survive?What marked the beginning of the Neolithic Age?What is agriculture?What two main factors allowed communities/villages to develop? What did trade allow people to do?

10Constructed Response Exit TicketIdentify and explain three ways the development of agriculture changed daily life in the Neolithic Age. Cite specific evidence from your presentation/Cornell notes.